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Förtsch, Christian; Werner, Sonja; von Kotzebue, Lena; Neuhaus, Birgit J. – Research in Science & Technological Education, 2018
Background: Education Standards highlight the importance of conceptual knowledge. Instructional tasks play a key role in biology instruction and offer learning opportunities for students. Tasks contain of a content and a demands part. Therefore, complexity and cognitive level are adequate variables to describe tasks and are assumed effective for…
Descriptors: Biology, Science Instruction, Secondary School Teachers, Science Teachers
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Podschuweit, Sören; Bernholt, Sascha; Brückmann, Maja – Research in Science & Technological Education, 2016
Background: Complexity models have provided a suitable framework in various domains to assess students' educational achievement. Complexity is often used as the analytical focus when regarding learning outcomes, i.e. when analyzing written tests or problem-centered interviews. Numerous studies reveal negative correlations between the complexity of…
Descriptors: Classroom Environment, Interaction, Academic Achievement, Environmental Influences
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Krämer, Philipp; Nessler, Stefan H.; Schlüter, Kirsten – Research in Science & Technological Education, 2015
Background: Inquiry-based science education (IBSE) is suitable to teach scientific contents as well as to foster scientific skills. Similar conclusions are drawn by studies with respect to scientific literacy, motivational aspects, vocabulary knowledge, conceptual understandings, critical thinking, and attitudes toward science. Nevertheless, IBSE…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Inquiry, Teaching Methods, Barriers