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O'Brien, John – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2013
Romer and Walker's "Appreciative Inquiry," which obtained input from 16 capable personal assistants, challenges some influential assumptions about personal assistance and opens a way to think about the demanding work of developing capable and committed personal assistants. Attempts to depersonalize the relationship between people…
Descriptors: Allied Health Personnel, Helping Relationship, Help Seeking, Severe Disabilities
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Cimera, Robert Evert; Burgess, Sloane; Wiley, Andrew – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2013
This study investigated whether receiving transition services early (i.e., by age 14) promoted better vocational outcomes than receiving transition services later (i.e., by age 16) for young adults with ASD. To do this, the outcomes achieved by two matched groups were examined--453 young adults from states requiring transition services be…
Descriptors: Transitional Programs, Outcomes of Education, Young Adults, Autism
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Trela, Katherine; Jimenez, Bree A. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2013
Language used in the field of special education is important; it can serve to influence both curriculum and placement decisions for students with intellectual disability. Historically, "Functional Curriculum" was used to describe curriculum adaptations necessary for students to access their environment (school and community). However,…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Mental Retardation, Holistic Approach, Individualized Instruction
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Papay, Clare; Griffin, Megan – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2013
Over the past decade, inclusive postsecondary opportunities have become more available to students with intellectual and developmental disabilities than ever before. With greater demand for such opportunities as well as greater awareness of the possibilities for youth with intellectual and developmental disabilities, developing new programs on…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Mental Retardation, Developmental Disabilities, Inclusion
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Gardner, Stephanie; Wolfe, Pamela – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2013
Identifying methods to increase the independent functioning of individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is vital in enhancing their quality of life; teaching students with ASD daily living skills can foster independent functioning. This review examines interventions that implement video modeling and/or prompting to teach individuals with…
Descriptors: Video Technology, Modeling (Psychology), Prompting, Intervention
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Hudson, Melissa E.; Browder, Diane M.; Wood, Leah A. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2013
A review of the literature on academic learning in general education settings for students with moderate and severe intellectual disability was conducted. A total of 17 experimental studies was identified and evaluated using quality indicators for single-case design research. Studies that met or met with reservation the criteria established for…
Descriptors: General Education, Educational Strategies, Severe Mental Retardation, Literature Reviews
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Hughes, Carolyn; Harvey, Michelle; Cosgriff, Joseph; Reilly, Caitlin; Heilingoetter, Jamie; Brigham, Nicolette; Kaplan, Lauren; Bernstein, Rebekah – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2013
Limited social interaction typically occurs between high school students with autism and their general education peers unless programming is introduced to promote interaction. However, few published social interaction interventions have been conducted among high school students with autism and their general education classmates. Such studies…
Descriptors: High School Students, Peer Relationship, Interpersonal Competence, Autism
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Riggs, Leah; Collins, Belva C.; Kleinert, Harold; Knight, Victoria F. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2013
This investigation focused on the systematic instruction of a science skill from the core content standards in accordance with the Kentucky Alternate Assessment for students with moderate and severe disabilities (MSD). Specifically, this study examined the effectiveness of using a constant time delay procedure with multiple exemplars in teaching…
Descriptors: High School Students, Alternative Assessment, Heredity, Mental Retardation
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Francis, Grace; Gross, Judith M. S.; Turnbull, Rud; Parent-Johnson, Wendy – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2013
Working in competitive employment (employment in community settings with nondisabled peers for minimum wage or higher) has many positive benefits for people with disabilities who have individualized support needs (Johannesen, McGrew, Griss, & Born, 2007). Nonetheless, many of these individuals work in segregated settings or are unemployed…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Employment Services, Pilot Projects, Employment
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Agran, Martin; Hughes, Carolyn – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2013
Voting represents, arguably, the most important right and responsibility of a citizen in a democracy. Nevertheless, few adults are with an intellectual or developmental disability vote, and few are provided systematic instruction on voting or how to participate in the political process. Regrettably, 44 states have disenfranchisement provisions…
Descriptors: Developmental Disabilities, Voting, Mental Retardation, Democracy
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Meral, Bekir Fatih; Cavkaytar, Atilla; Turnbull, Ann P.; Wang, Mian – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2013
This study examined family quality of life (FQOL) of Turkish families who have children with intellectual disabilities (ID) and autism. To research the perceptions of FQOL and relevant predictive relationships, data were gathered from 3,009 families who have children with ID and autism. The data were collected by using a Socio-demographic Family…
Descriptors: Autism, Mental Retardation, Quality of Life, Family Environment
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Chiu, Chun-Yu; Turnbull, Ann P.; Summers, Jean Ann – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2013
This study documented the process of developing and validating the Family Needs Assessment (FNA), a seven-factor 73-item measure developed for research and practice, using a sample of Taiwanese families. In developing the FNA, the research team identified a theoretical basis for family needs, used literature and qualitative results in generating…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Test Construction, Test Validity, Family Needs
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Shogren, Karrie A.; Forber-Pratt, Anjali J.; Nittrouer, Christine; Aragon, Steven R. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2013
This paper documents the experiences of a group of parents who came together to form a human service cooperative in their local community to address the needs of their adult children with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Each parent felt that their child's needs were not (or could not be) met by existing providers. Parent leaders who…
Descriptors: Parents, Cooperative Planning, Human Services, Community Programs
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Carter, Erik W.; Lane, Kathleen Lynne; Cooney, Molly; Weir, Katherine; Moss, Colleen K.; Machalicek, Wendy – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2013
This study examined 68 parents' views of the self-determination skills and capacities of their young adult children with autism spectrum disorders and intellectual disability (ages 19-21 years). Results indicated parents placed a high value on the importance of all seven component skills (i.e., choice-making skills, decision-making skills,…
Descriptors: Self Determination, Autism, Mental Retardation, Parents
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Nelson, Catherine; Greenfield, Robin G.; Hyte, Holly A.; Shaffer, Jason P. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2013
Children and youth who are deafblind with multiple disabilities have several identified risk factors for experiencing toxic levels of stress, and such stress is known to impair physical, mental, and emotional health. This single-case multiple baseline study examined the frequency and duration of behaviors thought to indicate stress, the duration…
Descriptors: Deaf Blind, Stress Variables, Case Studies, Student Behavior
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