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Domire, Sarah C.; Wolfe, Pamela – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2014
Video-based instruction is becoming a common intervention in today's classrooms. Previous research has focused primarily on video modeling techniques that required the student to watch an entire video of the task before attempting to complete the task independently. Video prompting is a form of video instruction that breaks down target skills…
Descriptors: Video Technology, Technology Uses in Education, Prompting, Autism
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Cimera, Robert Evert; Burgess, Sloane; Novak, Jeanne; Avellone, Lauren – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2014
This study examined the rate at which applicants to Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) were denied services because their disabilities were "too severe." It found that, from 2002 to 2012, 1.7% of all VR applicants throughout the United States were denied services because of the nature of their impairments. In addition, over this period, the…
Descriptors: Vocational Rehabilitation, Severe Disabilities, Severity (of Disability), Mental Retardation
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Cimera, Robert Evert; Burgess, Sloane; Bedesem, Peña L. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2014
This study examined the potential impact providing transition services early had on the vocational outcomes achieved by young adults with intellectual disability. Two groups were compared: 7,520 individuals from states requiring transition services be addressed in individualized educational programs (IEPs) by age 14 and 7,520 individuals from…
Descriptors: Transitional Programs, Mental Retardation, Program Effectiveness, Vocational Education
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Francis, Grace Lucille; Blue-Banning, Martha; Turnbull, Rud – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2014
Individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) and their families face many important decisions as the individuals with IDD enter adulthood, including where to live. Although there are numerous housing options for individuals with IDD outside of institutions, there is a paucity of information available to inform them about how…
Descriptors: Quality of Life, Mental Retardation, Developmental Disabilities, Housing
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Kurth, Jennifer A.; Morningstar, Mary E.; Kozleski, Elizabeth B. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2014
The purpose of this study is to analyze the Least Restrictive Environment (LRE) data that states and U.S. territories report from the Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) and discuss the status of the most restrictive special education placement settings for students with disabilities. In this analysis, we found that (a) states do not set…
Descriptors: Student Placement, Special Education, Disabilities, Severe Disabilities
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Woodfield, Casey; Jung, Eunyoung; Ashby, Christine – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2014
This research explores the stage of novicity in communicative partnerships between new facilitators and the individuals with disabilities who use supported typing as their primary method of communication with whom they work. We interviewed novice and experienced facilitators, and typers who have recently worked with new facilitators to examine not…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Augmentative and Alternative Communication, Facilitators (Individuals), Novices
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Zebehazy, Kim T. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2014
This study reports opinions and practices of teachers of students with visual impairments (TSVIs) in 34 states regarding functional literacy for students with visual impairments (VIs) and significant cognitive disabilities (SCDs). The survey asked TSVIs to select a definition of functional literacy, indicate agreement with a series of literacy…
Descriptors: Functional Literacy, Visual Impairments, Mental Retardation, Teacher Attitudes
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Pickens, Julie L.; Dymond, Stacy K. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the views of special education directors toward community-based vocational instruction (CBVI). Participants included a non-proportional random sample of 47 directors from one state who completed an online or paper-based survey. Independent variables were directors' years of experience, geographic…
Descriptors: Special Education, Administrators, Administrator Attitudes, Community Based Instruction (Disabilities)
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Rood, Carrie E.; Kanter, Arlene; Causton, Julie – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2014
This article describes the potential impact that state guardianship laws may have on the transition planning process for students identified with intellectual and developmental disabilities under the Individuals with Disabilities in Education Improvement Act. The authors utilize a disability studies framework to describe how the goals of…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation, State Legislation, Developmental Disabilities
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Sailor, Wayne S.; McCart, Amy B. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2014
After decades of effort to create inclusive education, the authors assert that the time for full inclusion to manifest at scale may finally be at hand. This article first briefly considers the background and history of the inclusive education movement. The authors then reframe the discourse by defining inclusion through structures and…
Descriptors: Inclusion, Educational Change, Access to Education, Educational History
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Spooner, Fred; Ahlgrim-Delzell, Lynn; Kemp-Inman, Amy; Wood, Leah A. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2014
Literacy skills are important for accessing all areas of academic content as well as for increasing quality of life. The use of shared stories to teach early literacy skills to students with extensive support needs, including students with autism, is an evidence-based practice. This project extends the research by examining the effects of…
Descriptors: Autism, Elementary School Students, Teaching Methods, Educational Technology
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Hudson, Melissa E.; Browder, Diane M. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2014
This study evaluated the effects of a peer-delivered least prompts intervention and adapted read-alouds of a grade-level novel on correct listening comprehension responses for participants with moderate intellectual disability. Before the study began, participants were taught concepts for wh- words (i.e., who, what, why, when, and where), to…
Descriptors: Listening Comprehension, Prompting, Intervention, Oral Reading
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Ryndak, Diane Lea; Taub, Debbie; Jorgensen, Cheryl M.; Gonsier-Gerdin, Jean; Arndt, Katrina; Sauer, Janet; Ruppar, Andrea L.; Morningstar, Mary E.; Allcock, Heather – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2014
Students with significant disabilities continue to be among the most segregated in schools. In this article, we argue that the principles of least restrictive environment and involvement and progress in the general curriculum have been interpreted in ways that perpetuate segregation, rather than increasing students' access to meaningful curriculum…
Descriptors: Disabilities, General Education, Inclusion, Educational Policy
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Brock, Matthew E.; Carter, Erik W. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2013
The involvement of paraprofessionals in the education of students with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) has been both complex and controversial. Many scholars and advocates have raised concerns about the roles these staff members play in schools and the degree to which there is empirical support for their direct work with…
Descriptors: Paraprofessional School Personnel, Disabilities, Educational Practices, Mental Retardation
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Creech-Galloway, Carey; Collins, Belva C.; Knight, Victoria; Bausch, Margaret – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2013
Providing standards-based instruction in core content areas for individuals with moderate and severe disabilities is a hot topic in the field of special education, and teachers struggle to find the best methods for providing high-quality standards-based instruction in core content areas that also has personal relevance for the students. This…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Prompting, Educational Technology, Handheld Devices
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