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Foreman, Phil; Arthur-Kelly, Michael; Pascoe, Sue; King, Brian Smyth – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities (RPSD), 2004
An increasing amount of research attention is being directed toward the educational experiences of students with profound and multiple disabilities. One technique that has allowed a better understanding of alertness and involvement in members of this population is behavior state assessment. In this study, eight matched pairs of school-aged…
Descriptors: Student Behavior, Educational Experience, Multiple Disabilities, Severe Disabilities
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Zuna, Nina; Turnbull, Rud – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities (RPSD), 2004
The authors present a brief commentary and analysis of two problems related to 30 years of IDEA implementation: an increasing schism between general education and special education, and the unequal treatment of an entire class of students. Over the years, special education has become its own microcosm of programs and practices, making it difficult…
Descriptors: Special Education, Interdisciplinary Approach, General Education, Regular and Special Education Relationship
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Taylor, Steven J. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities (RPSD), 2004
This article presents a critical analysis of the principle of the least restrictive environment (LRE). The article begins with a review of the origins of LRE in professional writings and law and moves next to a discussion of how LRE has been operationalized in terms of a continuum of residential, educational, and vocational services. Building on…
Descriptors: Criticism, Developmental Disabilities, Mainstreaming, Severe Disabilities
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Nisbet, Jan – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities (RPSD), 2004
This article presents a critical review of Steve Taylor's Caught in the Continuum. Steve Taylor describes the flawed thinking associated with the "least restrictive environment" (LRE) principle and the related continuum model of human services that linked severity of disability with segregation, and required improvements in skills as a…
Descriptors: Self Advocacy, Human Services, Severe Disabilities, Mainstreaming
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Johnson, David R. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities (RPSD), 2004
The emergence of supported employment programs in the United States has substantially raised expectations concerning the viability of employment in promoting the integration, productivity, and independence of persons with severe disabilities. Frank R. Rusch and David Braddock, in their article "Adult Day Programs Versus Supported Employment…
Descriptors: Employment Programs, Young Adults, Postsecondary Education, Mental Retardation
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Amos, Patricia A. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities (RPSD), 2004
While many individuals with challenging behaviors now enjoy the benefits of inclusion and self-determination, large numbers of their peers remain in segregated, restrictive settings and continue to be subjected to coercive intervention plans that include aversives, (nonemergency) restraint, and seclusion as "treatment." A rising tide of…
Descriptors: Technology, Developmental Disabilities, Mental Health, Coping
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Snell, Martha E. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2003
This article discusses the problem of translating research results into special education practices. It stresses that achieving effective research in schools requires extensive collaboration between researchers and practitioners, and outlines the role of researchers, practitioners, faculty in teacher preparation programs, state departments of…
Descriptors: Adoption (Ideas), Agency Role, Change Agents, Change Strategies
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Borgioli, Jennifer A.; Kennedy, Craig H. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2003
A study investigated the causes, educational continuity, and parental perceptions associated with 19 students with multiple disabilities transitioning from school to hospital. Sixty-one percent of hospitalizations were for emergencies and only 1 in 46 hospitalizations had a transition plan to deliver educational services while students were absent…
Descriptors: Delivery Systems, Educational Planning, Educational Practices, Elementary Secondary Education
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Schepis, Maureen M.; Reid, Dennis H.; Ownbey, Jean; Clary, Jamie – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2003
A study evaluated a program for training two preschool educators to promote cooperative participation between preschoolers with and without disabilities. The training program consisted of viewing examples of how to promote and praise cooperative participation, along with specific instructions and on-the-job feedback. Instruction resulted in…
Descriptors: Cooperative Learning, Early Childhood Education, Feedback, Inclusive Schools
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Etscheidt, Susan – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2003
This article reviews 68 hearings and cases concerned with disputes regarding individualized education programs (IEPs) for students with disabilities. It concludes that IEP goals must be matched to evaluation data, team members must be qualified to develop programs, and the methodology selected must be able to assist the students in achieving…
Descriptors: Autism, Compliance (Legal), Court Litigation, Diagnostic Teaching
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Snell, Martha E.; Caves, Kevin; McLean, Lee; Mollica, Beth Mineo; Mirenda, Pat; Paul-Brown, Diane; Romski, Mary Ann; Rourk, Jane; Sevcik, Rose; Yoder, David – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2003
This article presents and discusses the position statement of the National Joint Committee for the Communication Needs of Persons with Severe Disabilities, which addresses concerns about inappropriate eligibility criteria in providing access to necessary communication supports and services. It discusses elements of the position statement, its…
Descriptors: Adult Education, Assistive Technology, Communication Aids (for Disabled), Communication Disorders
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Smith, Valerie M. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2003
This article presents knowledge about disability issues that seven undergraduate students constructed through participation in a semester-long service learning class. In-depth interviews and examination of reflective journals revealed that students used their experiences to question the nature of relationships with people with disabilities, the…
Descriptors: Attitude Change, Attitudes toward Disabilities, College Students, Disabilities
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Giangreco, Michael F.; Taylor, Steven J. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2003
This article discusses concerns about the definition of scientifically based research in federal education legislation and its impact on the use of qualitative inquiry as a research method. It describes key contributions of qualitative research that could be jeopardized if the current definition remains unchanged or narrowly interpreted. (Contains…
Descriptors: Definitions, Early Childhood Education, Elementary Secondary Education, Exceptional Child Research
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Agran, Martin; Boykov, Dmitriy – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2003
A survey of 27 Russian students and educators enrolled in a defectology course found that most respondents were knowledgeable of and supported inclusion practices advocated in the United States and Western Europe, although belief in traditional practices of segregation of individuals with disabilities was also evident. The survey also addressed…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Educational Principles, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries
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McCabe, Helen – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2003
This article describes special education and early inclusion efforts in China. National projects and local examples of children with disabilities, including children with autism, being included in public schools and educated in general education classrooms are described. Implications for inclusive practice, focusing on the importance of parent…
Descriptors: Academic Accommodations (Disabilities), Attitudes toward Disabilities, Autism, Comparative Education
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