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Root, Jenny R.; Cox, Sarah K.; Gonzalez, Stephanie – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2019
Data analysis inherently requires problem solving, yet it is the most understudied mathematical skill for individuals with extensive support needs. The current study taught elementary students with extensive support needs (i.e., autism and intellectual disability) to solve math word problems requiring analysis of scaled pictographs through…
Descriptors: Special Needs Students, Problem Solving, Mathematics Skills, Elementary School Students
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Carter, Erik W.; Boehm, Thomas L. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2019
Although the importance and influence of spirituality in the lives of youth and young adults have garnered much attention, few studies have focused on the religious and spiritual lives of young people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). We examined the congregational activities, spiritual practices, and strength of religious…
Descriptors: Intellectual Disability, Developmental Disabilities, Autism, Religion
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Waters, Chelsea L.; Friesen, Amber – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2019
Families raising young children diagnosed with multiple disabilities encounter experiences that are often unique and extend well beyond the early childhood years due to the intensity and severity of their child's needs. The contexts of these families must be understood to provide meaningful services and supports, particularly during the child's…
Descriptors: Young Children, Child Rearing, Multiple Disabilities, Parent Attitudes
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Kurth, Jennifer A.; Ruppar, Andrea L.; Toews, Samantha Gross; McCabe, Katie M.; McQueston, Jessica A.; Johnston, Russell – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2019
Special education consists of specially designed services available for students with disabilities, and should be available across placements. Students with the most significant disabilities continue to be taught in restrictive settings, despite accumulating evidence suggesting their special education services can be delivered effectively in…
Descriptors: Special Education, Individualized Education Programs, Supplementary Education, Student Placement
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Friedman, Carli – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2018
Medicaid Home and Community Based Services (HCBS) waiver programs provide the majority of long-term services and supports for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). Relatively new (2014) HCBS rules (CMS 2249-F/2296-F) governing these programs require "meaningful community" integration of people with disabilities…
Descriptors: Stakeholders, Intellectual Disability, Developmental Disabilities, Community Services
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Roberts, Carly A.; Ruppar, Andrea L.; Olson, Amy J. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2018
School administrators play an important role in shaping teaching and learning. However, very little is known regarding how school administrators perceive instruction for students with severe disabilities and how those perceptions shape expectations and visions for instruction. Semistructured interviews were used to interview 12 administrators…
Descriptors: Administrator Attitudes, Semi Structured Interviews, Severe Disabilities, Inclusion
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Gilson, Carly B.; Carter, Erik W.; Bumble, Jennifer L.; McMillan, Elise D. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2018
Families are essential partners in efforts to elevate the employment outcomes of adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). We examined the employment-related expectations, preferences, and concerns of 673 parents and other family members of adults with IDD. Participants prioritized paid integrated employment over sheltered…
Descriptors: Family Attitudes, Adults, Employment, Intellectual Disability
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Hudson, Melissa E.; Rivera, Christopher J.; Grady, Maureen M. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2018
In 2008, Browder and colleagues published a meta-analysis on mathematics instruction for learners with significant cognitive disabilities and found that most skills taught to these students were only from two of the five strands recommended by the National Council for Teachers of Mathematics (i.e., Number and Operations, and Measurement). A review…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Intellectual Disability, Literature Reviews, Teaching Methods
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Walker, Virginia L.; Loman, Sheldon L.; Hara, Motoaki; Park, Kristy Lee; Strickland-Cohen, M. Kathleen – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2018
To explore the accessibility of school-wide positive behavioral interventions and supports (SWPBIS) for students with severe disabilities, we conducted a survey of 179 schools implementing SWPBIS during the 2015-2016 school year. Personnel from each school reported the frequency and level of importance of SWPBIS implementation across Likert-type…
Descriptors: Severe Disabilities, Positive Behavior Supports, Inclusion, School Personnel
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Hollingshead, Aleksandra; Williamson, Pamela; Carnahan, Christina – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2018
Although a great deal has been written about the complexities of engagement in learning, this is less true for students with severe intellectual disability. The concept of engagement of these students remains strictly behavioral. Engagement as a complex construct, consisting of behavioral, cognitive, and emotional components, must be addressed as…
Descriptors: Severe Intellectual Disability, Learner Engagement, Cognitive Processes, Emotional Response
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Zawacki, Jessica M.; Satriale, Gloria; Zane, Thomas – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2018
With the increase of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) leaving the public school systems with centralized training environments, there needs to be innovation in supporting staff who will find themselves working in various community environments with adolescent or adult learners. Staff training and ongoing supervision is important for…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Supervision
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Ivy, Sarah E.; Hatton, Deborah D.; Wehby, Joseph H. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2018
Children's skill level in using a spoon facilitates increased independence during mealtimes and greater control over the pace and quantity of food intake, which has important implications for health and self-determination. Children with severe multiple disabilities, including cognitive and visual impairment (VI), require intensive instruction to…
Descriptors: Severe Disabilities, Multiple Disabilities, Severe Intellectual Disability, Visual Impairments
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Agran, Martin; Spooner, Fred; Brown, Fredda; Morningstar, Mary; Singer, George H. S.; Wehman, Paul – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2018
At the 2016 TASH Conference in St. Louis, a research colloquium was held that focused on the state of selected life-span services for people with severe disabilities. Topics addressed by leading experts in the field included inclusion, teaching academic skills, family support, challenging behavior, supported employment, and voting. This article…
Descriptors: Lifelong Learning, Conferences (Gatherings), Conference Papers, Meetings
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Gee, Kathy; Gonsier-Gerdin, Jean – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2018
The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine the experiences and perceptions of 10 first-year teachers who had been trained to provide evidence-based practices, including integrated services and supports, and subsequently took jobs in self-contained, special education elementary and middle-school classrooms designated for students with…
Descriptors: Special Education Teachers, Qualitative Research, Beginning Teachers, Evidence Based Practice
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Friedman, Carli; McNamara, Ellyn – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2018
Speech language and hearing (SLH) services can improve people with intellectual and developmental disabilities' (IDD) health, autonomy, and community participation. The aim of this study was to explore how SLH services are offered to people with IDD across the nation, particularly in fiscal year 2015 Medicaid Home and Community Based Services…
Descriptors: Speech Language Pathology, Intellectual Disability, Developmental Disabilities, Health
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