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Agran, Martin; Jackson, Lewis; Kurth, Jennifer A.; Ryndak, Diane; Burnette, Kristin; Jameson, Matt; Zagona, Alison; Fitzpatrick, Heather; Wehmeyer, Michael – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2020
Placement decisions for students with severe disabilities have often been based less on the students' unique learning needs but more on beliefs and presumptions about student learning, entrenched school district policies that restrict program delivery options, and other variables unrelated to student needs. In light of the benefits associated with…
Descriptors: Student Placement, Severe Disabilities, Students with Disabilities, Inclusion
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Kleinert, Harold L. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2020
In this brief response to Agran et al., I provide data on the extent to which students with the most significant cognitive disabilities (i.e., those students participating in alternate assessments on alternate achievement standards) are separated educationally from their peers without disabilities. I further discuss additional factors that may be…
Descriptors: Students with Disabilities, Severe Disabilities, Inclusion, Social Bias
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McLeskey, James – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2020
Little progress has been made in the last 20 years toward developing and sustaining effective inclusive programs for students with severe disabilities. An article by Agran and colleagues examines factors that contribute to this lack of progress and provides some initial discussion regarding alternatives for addressing this seemingly intractable…
Descriptors: Inclusion, Students with Disabilities, Severe Disabilities, Change Strategies
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Kauffman, James M.; Travers, Jason C.; Badar, Jeanmarie – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2020
We acknowledge that some students with severe disabilities are not being taught in general education. We do not agree that inclusion in general education is inherently better, nor do we think it is always appropriate, and we provide some reasons that a full continuum of alternative placements is not only legally mandated but appropriate. We are…
Descriptors: Students with Disabilities, Severe Disabilities, Student Placement, Inclusion
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Giangreco, Michael F. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2020
This article briefly responds to the following question: Why aren't more students with severe disabilities being placed in general education classrooms? I offer five reasons why more students with severe disabilities are not included, because: (a) ableism persists, (b) schools continue to misapply the least restrictive environment provisions of…
Descriptors: Inclusion, Severe Disabilities, Students with Disabilities, Grade 5
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Lehr, Donna H. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2020
Data reveal that insufficient progress has been made in increasing the number of students with severe disabilities who are educated in general education classes. Agran et al. asked why this is happening and discussed determinants that may be affecting placement decisions that serve to segregate students from their peers. This article is a review…
Descriptors: Student Placement, Students with Disabilities, Severe Disabilities, Barriers
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Vandercook, Terri; Taub, Debbie; Loiselle, Tayler; Shopa, Amanda – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2020
This article addresses particular aspects of the Agran et al. identified determinants related to inclusive educational practices for students with severe disabilities. More specifically, this article focuses on perceptions of competency in students with severe disabilities and the resulting placement decisions, as well as facilitating systemic…
Descriptors: Inclusion, Students with Disabilities, Severe Disabilities, Student Placement
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Dukes, Charles; Berlingo, Lauren – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2020
Inclusive education for students with severe disabilities has and continues to spark intense debate. To what extent should students with severe disabilities be educated in nonsegregated environments, particularly the general education environment? For some, there is no question, but history indicates many do not agree. Agran and colleagues provide…
Descriptors: Students with Disabilities, Severe Disabilities, Inclusion, Barriers
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Turnbull, Ann; Turnbull, Rud – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2020
The purpose of this article is to respond to the perspectives of Agran and colleagues concerning barriers to general education placement for students with significant support needs from an "on the ground" lens of participation in mediations and due process hearings, as well as conversations with parental inclusion advocates throughout…
Descriptors: Inclusion, Students with Disabilities, Severe Disabilities, Barriers
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Gee, Kathleen – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2020
Agran and colleagues have not only summarized the research on inclusive education, but they have also summed up the frustrations of many of us who have been working with families, teachers, and administrators to facilitate the inclusion of children and young adults with severe disabilities over many years. My response takes some of their most…
Descriptors: Students with Disabilities, Severe Disabilities, Inclusion, Attitudes toward Disabilities
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Swenson, Sue – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2020
The role of parents in placement decisions is not mentioned in the foundational paper written by Agran et al. This essay explores the various ways parents are absent in the bureaucracy and in the everyday life of schools and communities. Some of the principles of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act are thought to be at the heart of the…
Descriptors: Inclusion, Student Placement, Students with Disabilities, Severe Disabilities
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Horner, Rob H.; Halle, James W. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2020
We summarize three changes in education that have direct relevance for the education of students with severe disabilities: (a) adoption of multi-tiered system of supports as a framework for intervention, (b) delivering educational reform at the "whole school" level, and (c) advances in information technology that are altering the type…
Descriptors: Students with Disabilities, Severe Disabilities, Educational Change, Intervention
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Biggs, Elizabeth E.; Snodgrass, Melinda R. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2020
Friendships are central to children's development and well-being, but children with intellectual and developmental disabilities who have complex communication needs are at risk of social isolation. This qualitative study used methods informed by grounded theory to investigate the nature of how elementary-age children without disabilities described…
Descriptors: Friendship, Communication Disorders, Students with Disabilities, Augmentative and Alternative Communication
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Herbert, Morgan E.; Brock, Matthew E.; Barczak, Mary A.; Anderson, Eric J. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2020
Peer networks are a promising intervention for increasing social interactions between students with severe disabilities and their peers. However, this approach has not been well studied with high school students who have complex communication needs and use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC). In this study, we used a multiple probe…
Descriptors: High School Students, Severe Disabilities, Peer Relationship, Social Networks
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Caron, Jessica; Light, Janice; McNaughton, David – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2020
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Transition to Literacy (T2L) software features (i.e., dynamic text and speech output upon selection of a graphic symbol) within a grid display in an augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) app on the single-word reading skills of five individuals with severe disabilities and…
Descriptors: Computer Software, Augmentative and Alternative Communication, Severe Disabilities, Communication Disorders
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