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Chase, Melissa A.; And Others – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 1994
Reports a study that examined the effects of modification of basketball size and basket height on shooting performance and self-efficacy of children ages 9-12 years. Subjects completed a self-efficacy questionnaire before and after shooting 10 baskets under 4 conditions. Self-efficacy was highest when children shot at a lower basket. (SM)
Descriptors: Achievement, Age Differences, Athletic Equipment, Athletics
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Minkler, Sharin; Patterson, Patricia – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 1994
Reports a study that examined the criterion-related validity of the modified sit-and-reach test against criterion measures of hamstring and low back flexibility in college students. Results indicated the modified sit-and-reach test moderately related to hamstring flexibility, but its relation to low back flexibility was low. (SM)
Descriptors: College Students, Evaluation Methods, Higher Education, Physical Education
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Siedentop, Daryl – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 1989
Qualitative research has a limited role in the total research effort in sport pedagogy. This article discusses problems and limitations of qualitative research. Topics include trustworthiness of data, oversimplified comparisons between quantitative and qualitative research, and appropriate contexts for using qualitative research as the method of…
Descriptors: Data Analysis, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Physical Education
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O'Hara, Nancy M.; And Others – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 1989
This study assessed the validity of the Children's Physical Activity Form, an observational instrument which measures the intensity of children's physical activity, by comparing observer judgments of subjects' (N=40) activity intensity level with min-by-min heart rate values. Results document the validity of the instrument for observing physical…
Descriptors: Behavior Rating Scales, Classroom Observation Techniques, Concurrent Validity, Correlation
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McAuley, Edward; And Others – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 1989
Results are reported from a study which assessed the validity of the Intrinsic Motivation Inventory (IMI) when administered to students (N=116) who performed a competitive basketball shooting task. The IMI is a flexible assessment tool that determines subjects' levels of intrinsic motivation as an additive function of four dimensions (factors).…
Descriptors: Basketball, Higher Education, Measures (Individuals), Motivation
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Lee, Timothy D.; Genovese, Elizabeth D. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 1989
Results from a study involving 80 undergraduates indicate that acquisition and retention of a motor skill, developed through practice of a movement timing task, were facilitated by distributed practice on the continuous task, but by massed practice on the discrete task. (IAH)
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Psychomotor Skills, Skill Analysis
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Proteau, Luc; And Others – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 1989
When the stimulus to be intercepted traveled at slow or moderate speeds, subjects' (N=18) expectancies did not modify choice reaction time (CRT) and movement time. However, when the stimulus traveled at fast speed, CRT was reduced as a function of event probability, at the cost of more response initiation errors. (IAH)
Descriptors: Analysis of Variance, Athletics, Decision Making, Expectation
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Hetzler, Ronald K.; And Others – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 1989
Results are reported from a study that investigated the acid-base and lactate reponses to voluntary integration of breathing and exercise movements during beginning level form Ki Cho I, performed at competitive intensities. Findings suggest that respiratory compensation does not occur and that respiratory acidosis may contribute to metabolic…
Descriptors: Adults, Cardiovascular System, Exercise Physiology, Metabolism
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Sage, George H. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 1989
This article presents results of a study of teacher/coaches in six high schools and focuses on the process by which people become high school coaches. Occupational choice, professional socialization, and organizational socialization are examined, using qualitative data based on observation, informal discussion, and in-depth interviews. (IAH)
Descriptors: Athletic Coaches, Career Choice, Field Studies, High Schools
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Steinhardt, Mary A.; And Others – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 1988
This study tested the reliability and factorial validity of the Purposes for Engaging in Physical Activity Scale (PEPAS). The instrument is designed to measure motivational factors for the purpose of curricular decision making and curriculum research. (JD)
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Curriculum Research, Individual Development, Intermediate Grades
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Gill, Diane L.; Deeter, Thomas E. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 1988
An analysis of the Sport Orientation Questionnaire, a multidimensional, sport-specific measure of individual differences in achievement orientation, indicates that it is a valid and reliable measure of individual sport achievement orientation. (JD)
Descriptors: Achievement Need, Athletes, Competition, Individual Differences
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Etnyre, Bruce R.; Lee, Eva J. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 1988
This study compared chronic and acute range of motion (ROM) changes of hip flexion and shoulder extension between men and women and a control group during a 12-week program. Comparative increases in flexibility in women were not significantly different from those in men. (JD)
Descriptors: Athletes, College Students, Exercise Physiology, Higher Education
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Nelson, Deborah J.; And Others – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 1988
A study of cardiac frequency during aerobic dancing indicated that it can sustain an elevated cardiac frequency in most cases. The caloric cost of aerobic dancing is approximately 50 percent greater than an equal duration of barre and center-floor exercise by elite ballet dancers. (JD)
Descriptors: Aerobics, Cardiovascular System, Dance, Exercise
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Montoye, Henry J. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 1987
A brief reveiw of the anatomy, physiology, and biomechanics of bone is presented. The effects of exercise and disuse on bone density and bone mineral are stressed. (Author/MT)
Descriptors: Anatomy, Biomechanics, Exercise, Human Body
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Bischoff, Judith A.; Lewis, K. Ann – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 1987
The purpose of this study was to compare fitness levels of children participating in a movement education program to Illinois fitness norms. Subjects were 246 children aged 7 to 12 who were administered the AAHPERD Health-Related Fitness Test. Results are discussed. (Author/MT)
Descriptors: Cardiovascular System, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Movement Education
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