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Pind, Rasmus; Mooses, Kerli; Suvi, Silva; Purge, Priit; Viru, Mehis; Pehme, Ando; Kaasik, Priit; Mooses, Martin – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences in metabolic responses between the track and the treadmill (1% inclination) running. The latter is recommended for use in laboratory settings to mimic outdoor running. Method: Seventeen male endurance athletes (mean 25.8, s = 3.8 years) performed 4-min running bouts on an indoor…
Descriptors: Equipment, Track and Field, Metabolism, Males
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Menting, Stein Gerrit Paul; Elferink-Gemser, Marije Titia; Edwards, Andrew Mark; Hettinga, Florentina Johanna – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: To study the pacing behavior and performance of novice youth exercisers in a controlled laboratory setting. Method: Ten healthy participants (seven male, three female, 15.8±1.0 years) completed four, 2-km trials on a Velotron cycling ergometer. Visit 1 was a familiarization trial. Visits 2 to 4 involved the following conditions, in…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Novices, Measurement, Performance
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Yamaguchi, Taichi; Takizawa, Kazuki; Shibata, Keisuke; Tomabechi, Nobuyasu; Samukawa, Mina; Yamanaka, Masanori – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the acute effects of general warm-up (GWU) and GWU plus dynamic stretching (GWU + DS) on endurance running performance in well-trained male runners. Method: The endurance running performances of eight well-trained long-distance male runners were assessed on a treadmill after 2 types of intervention…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Athletics, Athletes, Males
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Sacko, Ryan; McIver, Kerry; Brazendale, Keith; Pfeifer, Craig; Brian, Ali; Nesbitt, Danielle; Stodden, David F. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: To compare children's energy expenditure (EE) levels during object projection skill performance (OPSP; e.g., kicking, throwing, striking) as assessed by hip- and wrist-worn accelerometers. Method: Forty-two children (female [rho]= 20, M[subscript age] = 8.1[plus or minus]0.8 years) performed three, nine-minute sessions of kicking,…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Metabolism, Physical Education, Elementary School Students
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Jalalvand, Mojtaba; Bahram, Abbas; Daneshfar, Afkham; Arsham, Saeed – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: This study aimed to examine the effect of gradual self-control of task difficulty and feedback on accuracy and movement pattern of the golf putting sport skill. Method: Sixty students were quasi-randomly assigned to four groups under a varying combination of the two factors of task difficulty control (self-controlled or yoked) and…
Descriptors: Task Analysis, Athletics, Psychomotor Skills, Feedback (Response)
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Bunn, Jennifer; Schuitema, Summer; Zhang, Sidong; Mayhew, Jerry – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: To evaluate the relationship between years of collegiate playing experience and success of NCAA Division I volleyball programs. Methods: Data were gathered from the 2010-2015 seasons for each volleyball program in the "power five" conferences. Players that were involved in at least 66% of the sets were selected for analysis.…
Descriptors: Team Sports, College Athletics, Athletes, Scores
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Griffiths, Brad; Grant, James; Langdown, Louis; Gentil, Paulo; Fisher, James; Steele, James – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: Resistance training is often performed in a traditional training style using deliberate relatively longer repetition durations or in an explosive training style using maximal intended velocities and relatively shorter repetition durations. Both improve strength, "power" (impulsivity), and speed. This study compared explosive and…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Athletes, Exercise, Muscular Strength
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Keatlholetswe, Lesika; Malete, Leapetswe – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
The coaching competency research has demonstrated the role of coaching efficacy and coaching behaviors on various athlete outcomes. However, athlete perceptions of these relationships and how they affect performance are less understood. Purpose: This study examined if coaching efficacy is predictive of player perceptions of coaches' leadership…
Descriptors: Leadership Styles, Coaching (Performance), Athletes, Team Sports
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Gomes, A. Rui; Gonçalves, A. Manuela; Dias, Olga; Morais, Catarina – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: This study tested two hypotheses relating young athletes' sports motivations to parental behaviors and cognitive appraisal: (1) young athletes' motivation in sports is related to their parents' behavior; and (2) this relationship is mediated by cognitive appraisal, even after controlling for competitive level and sports records. Method:…
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Athletics, Team Sports, Competition
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Campo, Mickaël; Champely, Stéphane; Louvet, Benoît; Rosnet, Elisabeth; Ferrand, Claude; Pauketat, Janet V. T.; Mackie, Diane M. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: In team sports, players have to manage personal interests and group goals, emphasizing intricacies between personal and social identities. The focus of this article was to examine the effect of identity mechanisms on appraisal processes, based on the following research question: Does the level of self-abstraction (low [personal identity]…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Athletes, Group Dynamics, Self Concept
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Araújo, Jaqueline A.; Queiroz, Marilene G.; Dias, André R. L.; Sousa, Laila C. J. L.; Arsa, Gisela; Cambri, Lucieli T. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: To evaluate whether excess body mass influences the heart rate variability (HRV) indexes at rest, and to correlate adiposity indicators and the aerobic fitness with cardiac autonomic variables in metabolically healthy young adults. Method: In all, 41 untrained males (M[subscript age] = 21.80, SD = 2.14 years), 14 normal weight…
Descriptors: Obesity, Physical Health, Metabolism, Males
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Bolger, Linda A.; Bolger, Lisa E.; O'Neill, Cian; Coughlan, Edward; Lacey, Seán; O'Brien, Wesley; Burns, Con – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between fundamental movement skills (FMS) and markers of health among a cohort of Irish primary school children. Methods: Participants (N = 296, mean age: 7.99 ± 2.02 years) were senior infant (n = 149, mean age: 6.02 ± 0.39 years) and 4th class (n = 147, mean age: 9.97 ± 0.40 years)…
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Physical Activities, Physical Fitness, Correlation
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Rieping, Taís; Furtado, Guilherme Eustáquio; Letieri, Rubens Vinícius; Chupel, Matheus Uba; Colado, Juan C.; Hogervorst, Eef; Filaire, Edith; Teixeira, Ana Maria Miranda Botelho; Ferreira, José Pedro – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: The aim of this study was to test the effects of chair-based exercise programs on salivary stress hormones, physical fitness, and functional autonomy of institutionalized older women. Method: In total, 47 participants (80 ± 8.04 years old) were recruited and allocated into three groups: chair-based aerobic exercises (CAE, n = 19),…
Descriptors: Older Adults, Females, Exercise, Biomechanics
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Reichert, Thaís; Bagatini, Natália Carvalho; Simmer, Nicole Monticelli; Meinerz, Andressa Pellegrini; Barroso, Bruna Machado; Prado, Alexandre Konig Garcia; Delevatti, Rodrigo Sudatti; Costa, Rochelle Rocha; Kanitz, Ana Carolina; Kruel, Luiz Fernando Martins – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: To compare the effects of three water-based resistance trainings on neuromuscular parameters of older women. Method: Thirty-six women were randomized to groups: simple set of 30 seconds (1 × 30 s, 66.41 ± 4.71 years, n = 12), multiple sets of 10 seconds (3 × 10 s, 66.50 ± 4.74 years, n = 11), and simple set of 10 seconds (1 × 10 s,…
Descriptors: Exercise, Water, Muscular Strength, Older Adults
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Raimundo, João A. G.; Turnes, Tiago; de Aguiar, Rafael A.; Lisbôa, Felipe D.; Loch, Thiago; Ribeiro, Guilherme; Caputo, Fabrizio – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: Metabolic perturbation and VO[subscript 2] on-kinetics are potential modifiers of fatigue and vary in importance depending on the exercise task. Thus, performance fatigability during high-intensity exercise seems to be exercise mode dependent, affecting tolerance in the severe domain. However, the effects of exercise mode on severe domain…
Descriptors: Exercise, Comparative Analysis, Physical Activities, Testing
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