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Annesi, James J.; Porter, Kandice J.; Hill, Grant M.; Goldfine, Bernard D. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: The aim of this research was to assess the association between university-based instructional physical activity (PA) courses and changes in overall PA levels and negative mood and their interrelations. The study also sought to determine the amount of change in PA required to significantly improve mood in course enrollees. Method:…
Descriptors: Health Promotion, Physical Activities, Physical Activity Level, Psychological Patterns
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Jette, Shannon; Maier, Julie; Esmonde, Katelyn; Davis, Cherise – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: Prenatal exercise is a health behavior that is receiving growing attention amid concern that women in Western societies are gaining excess weight during pregnancy and contributing to future obesity in both the mother and child. In this article, we draw on insights from the fields of social epidemiology and social theory of the body to…
Descriptors: Prenatal Care, Exercise, Health Behavior, Epidemiology
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Mercier, Kevin; Donovan, Corinne; Gibbone, Anne; Rozga, Kimberly – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: A relationship exists between attitudes toward physical education and future physical activity. The purpose of this study was to examine changes in attitude toward physical education as students progressed from upper elementary school (Grade 4) through middle school (Grade 8). Method: Three cohorts of students (Cohort 1, Grades 4-6,…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Elementary School Students, Middle School Students, Student Attitudes
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da Cruz, Carlos Janssen Gomes; Molina, Guilherme Eckhardt; Porto, Luiz Guilherme Grossi; Junqueira, Luiz Fernando, Jr. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: In a cross-sectional study design, we evaluated the resting heart rate (HR[subscript baseline]) and exercise and postexercise stress test-related chronotropic responses in male practitioners of recreational ballroom dancing (BD; n = 25, M[subscript age] = 26.6 ± 6.1 years) compared to a control group of insufficiently active nondancers…
Descriptors: Metabolism, Dance, Physical Fitness, Comparative Analysis
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Katch, Rachel K.; Scarneo, Samantha E.; Adams, William M.; Armstrong, Lawrence E.; Belval, Luke N.; Stamm, Julie M.; Casa, Douglas J. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Participation in organized sport and recreational activities presents an innate risk for serious morbidity and mortality. Although death during sport or physical activity has many causes, advancements in sports medicine and evidence-based standards of care have allowed clinicians to prevent, recognize, and treat potentially fatal injuries more…
Descriptors: Prevention, Death, Athletics, Physical Activities
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Laukkanen, Arto; Pesola, Arto J.; Finni, Taija; Sääkslahti, Arja – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: We studied whether physical activity (PA) counseling for parents influenced the level of parental support of children's PA and leisure-time PA in children of different levels of initial parental support. We hypothesized that the initial level of parental support would moderate the intervention efficacy. Method: Children (n = 44,…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Parent Counseling, Parent Influence, Parent Child Relationship
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Guagliano, Justin M.; Updyke, Natalie J.; Rodicheva, Natalia V.; Rosenkranz, Sara K.; Dzewaltowski, David A.; Schlechter, Chelsey R.; Rosenkranz, Richard R. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: This study investigated the effect of summer camp session context on Russian girls' physical activity (PA). Method: Girls (n = 32, M[subscript age] = 10.7 years, SD = 0.6 years) from a resident summer camp taking place in the Vologda Region of Russia were exposed to 1 session context/day (i.e., free play, organized with no choice,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Summer Programs, Resident Camp Programs, Physical Activities
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Bassett-Gunter, Rebecca; Rhodes, Ryan; Sweet, Shane; Tristani, Lauren; Soltani, Yasaman – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: Parents play an important role in supporting children's physical activity (PA) behavior. Parent PA support is a behavior unto itself that has been examined within the framework of an adapted theory of planned behavior (TPB). The primary purpose of this research was to identify key barriers to parent PA support to understand perceptions of…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Barriers, Parent Role, Physical Activity Level
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Karnaze, Melissa M.; Levine, Linda J.; Schneider, Margaret – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: Increasing physical activity among adolescents is a public health priority. Because people are motivated to engage in activities that make them feel good, this study examined predictors of adolescents' feelings during exercise. Method: During the 1st semester of the school year, we assessed 6th-grade students' (N = 136) cognitive…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Physical Activity Level, Health Behavior, Grade 6
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Koopmann, Till; Steggemann-Weinrich, Yvonne; Baumeister, Jochen; Krause, Daniel – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: In sports games, coaches often use tactic boards to present tactical instructions during time-outs (e.g., 20 s to 60 s in basketball). Instructions should be presented in a way that enables fast and errorless information processing for the players. The aim of this study was to test the effect of different orientations of visual tactical…
Descriptors: Athletics, Cognitive Processes, Team Sports, Teaching Methods
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Ward, Jeffery Kurt; Hastie, Peter A.; Wadsworth, Danielle D.; Foote, Shelby; Brock, Sheri J.; Hollett, Nikki – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which a sport education season of fitness could provide students with recommended levels of in-class moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) while also increasing students' fitness knowledge and fitness achievement. Method: One hundred and sixty-six 5th-grade students (76…
Descriptors: Athletics, Physical Fitness, Physical Activity Level, Knowledge Level
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Wadsworth, Danielle D.; Rudisill, Mary E.; Hastie, Peter A.; Irwin, Jacqueline M.; Rodriguez-Hernandez, Mynor G. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: This study sought to determine how children's participation in physical activity during a mastery-motivational climate changed during a 20-week intervention and to compare it to children's free-play activity during a typical day at their local day-care facility. Method: Twelve 4-year-old children participated in a mastery-motivational…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Physical Activities, Motivation, Intervention
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Morales-Belando, María Trinidad; Arias-Estero, José L. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to know whether an intervention using an adaptation of the teaching games for understanding approach (named teaching races for understanding [TRfU]) led participants to improve skill execution, decision making, race performance, race involvement, race knowledge, enjoyment, intention to continue practicing…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Educational Games, Skill Development, Aquatic Sports
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Hutt, Rachel L.; Moore, Ginger A.; Mammen, Micah A.; Symons Downs, Danielle – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: Marital dissatisfaction and conflict often increase for couples after the birth of a child and are evident in fewer positive family interactions and more negative family interactions. Because exercise is known to increase positive emotions and decrease negative emotions, the current study examined the extent to which higher levels of…
Descriptors: Exercise, Health Behavior, Correlation, Emotional Response
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Brian, Ali; Goodway, Jacqueline D.; Logan, Jessica A.; Sutherland, Sue – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: Children from disadvantaged settings are at risk for delays in their object-control (OC) skills. Fundamental motor skill interventions, such as the Successful Kinesthetic Instruction for Preschoolers (SKIP) Program, are highly successful when led by motor development experts. However, few preschools employ such experts. This study…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Disadvantaged Youth, Psychomotor Skills, Kinesthetic Perception
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