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Brusseau, Timothy A.; Burns, Ryan D. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the predictive relationship among physical activity, health-related fitness, and on-task classroom behavior in children using a discriminant function analysis. Method: Participants were a convenience sample of children (N = 533; M[subscript age] = 8.8 ± 1.9 years) recruited from 77 1st- through…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Physical Activity Level, Health Related Fitness, Children
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Harada, Kazuhiro; Masumoto, Kouhei; Kondo, Narihiko – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: Although it has been proposed that 1 spouse's health behaviors might correlate with the other spouse's health behavior among married couples, few studies have focused on sedentary behavior. This study examined whether objectively measured sedentary behavior and physical activity are correlated with each other and whether attachment to…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Physical Activity Level, Correlation, Foreign Countries
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Lemire, Marcel; Lonsdorfer-Wolf, Evelyne; Isner-Horobeti, Marie-Eve; Kouassi, Blah Y. L.; Geny, Bernard; Favret, Fabrice; Dufour, Stéphane P. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: Mountain running races are becoming increasingly popular, although our understanding of the particular physiology associated with downhill running (DR) in trained athletes remains scarce. This study explored the cardiorespiratory responses to high-slope constant velocity uphill running (UR) and DR. Method: Eight endurance athletes…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Exercise Physiology, Athletics, Athletes
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Liu, Yuxin; Mao, Lida; Zhao, Yunan; Huang, Yufang – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: To create a high-stress shooting among the crowd (SAC) program and to examine its effectiveness in reducing SWAT trainees' stress level and their shooting performance in a simulated hostage-rescue situation. Method: After the SAC program was created, it was evaluated using a pretest and posttest experimental design: 98 young male SWAT…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Weapons, Simulation, Stress Variables
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Zhu, Weimo – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
"Concepts and Experiments in Physical Education," a well-known book in the physical education (PE) field, is celebrating its 50th anniversary this year. The book has been published in more than 30 editions with different titles and contents reflecting the changes in the field of PE, physical fitness (PF), and physical activity (PA)…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Textbooks, Physical Fitness, Physical Activities
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Buskard, Andrew N. L.; Gregg, Heath R.; Ahn, Soyeon – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Guidelines for improving maximal concentric strength through resistance training (RT) have traditionally included large muscle-group exercises, full ranges of motion, and a load approximating 85% of the 1-repetition maximum (1RM). Supramaximal eccentric training (SME; controlled lowering of loads above the concentric 1RM) has also been shown to be…
Descriptors: Muscular Strength, Physical Education, Human Body, Improvement
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Coratella, Giuseppe; Longo, Stefano; Cè, Emiliano; Limonta, Eloisa; Rampichini, Susanna; Bisconti, Angela Valentina; Schena, Federico; Esposito, Fabio – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: The present study aimed to investigate whether or not eccentric-only training induced different sex-related adaptations in vastus lateralis muscle architecture and knee extensors strength. Methods: Thirteen healthy women and 13 healthy men were recruited. Vastus lateralis pennation angle, fascicle length, and muscle thickness, as well as…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Muscular Strength, Intervention, Pretests Posttests
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Hildenbrand, Kasee; Richards, K. Andrew R.; Wright, Paul M. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: Our primary aim was to determine physical educators' current level of understanding of concussion symptoms and response guidelines. Method: Participants included 404 in-service physical educators (137 male, 266 female, 1 other) recruited through 3 SHAPE America -- Society of Health and Physical Educators communication outlets.…
Descriptors: Physical Education Teachers, Physical Education, Teacher Attitudes, Brain
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Houltberg, Benjamin J.; Wang, Kenneth T.; Qi, Wei; Nelson, Christina S. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Further research is needed on factors related to the emotional health of elite athletes. Previous research has linked self-narratives of people or their narrative identities to their psychological well-being. However, no study has yet examined self-narratives among elite athletes. Purpose: This study examined whether specific profiles or narrative…
Descriptors: Athletes, Comparative Analysis, Well Being, Life Satisfaction
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Dale, Julian; Glaister, Mark – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: This study investigated the existence of the oxygen uptake (VO[subscript 2]) overshoot and the effects of exercise intensity and fitness status on the response during moderate-intensity exercise. Methods: Twelve "high-fitness" (M[subscript age] = 26 ± 5 years; M[subscript height] = 184.1 ± 5.4 cm; M[subscript body mass] =…
Descriptors: Exercise Physiology, Athletes, Body Composition, Body Height
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Coker, Cheryl A. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine whether functional movement proficiency could be improved as measured via the Functional Movement Screen using a standardized warm-up protocol in middle school physical education. A secondary purpose was to determine whether such improvement, if it occurred, would positively influence the technical…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Physical Education, Psychomotor Skills, Grade 7
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Haegele, Justin A.; Yessick, Amanda; Zhu, Xihe – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to use an explicitly intersectional approach to examine the embodied experiences of individuals identifying as female and as having a visual impairment in school-based physical education. Method: An interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) research approach was used, and 8 adult women (ages 21--30…
Descriptors: Females, Visual Impairments, Gender Differences, Physical Education
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Ainsworth, Barbara E.; Watson, Kathleen B.; Ridley, Kate; Pfeiffer, Karin A.; Herrmann, Stephen D.; Crouter, Scott E.; McMurray, Robert G.; Butte, Nancy F.; Bassett, David R., Jr.; Trost, Stewart G.; Berrigan, David; Fulton, Janet E. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: The purposes of this article are to: (a) describe the rationale and development of the Youth Compendium of Physical Activities (Youth Compendium); and (b) discuss the utility of the Youth Compendium for audiences in research, education, community, health care, public health, and the private sector. Methods: The Youth Compendium provides a…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Reference Materials, Metabolism, Youth
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Fortes, Leonardo S.; Nascimento-Júnior, José R. A.; Mortatti, Arnaldo L.; de Lima-Júnior, Dalton Roberto Alvas Araújo; Ferreira, Maria E. C. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
It seems that dehydration may impair decision-making performance in athletes. Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the influence of dehydration on passing decision-making performance in soccer players. Method: Participants were 40 male soccer players (M[subscript age] = 22.3 ± 2.3 years) who agreed to participate in the study and were randomly…
Descriptors: Decision Making, Team Sports, Athletes, Sport Psychology
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Erwin, Heather; Brusseau, Timothy A.; Carson, Russell; Hodge, Samuel; Kang, Minsoo – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
SHAPE America -- Society of Health and Physical Educators has targeted youth physical activity (PA) as 1 of its 4 goals within the 50 Million Strong[TM] campaign. Only 27.1% of youth met the target of all students (preK-12) participating in at least 60 min of PA that increases their heart rate enough to breathe hard at least some of the time for…
Descriptors: Physical Activity Level, Life Style, Children, Adolescents
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