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Deshayes, Maxime; Zory, Raphaël; Seitchik, Allison E.; Chalabaev, Aïna; Clément-Guillotin, Corentin – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2020
Purpose: Inducing a negative stereotype toward women usually leads to a decrease in women performance and an increase in men performance. These effects were observed during technical tasks. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of this sex stereotype during a non-technical muscular endurance task. The perception of effort,…
Descriptors: Muscular Strength, Comparative Analysis, Sex Stereotypes, Females
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Feitosa, Wellington G.; Barbosa, Tiago M.; Correia, Ricardo de A.; Castro, Flávio A. de S. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2020
Purpose: Peak and maximal oxygen uptake (VO[subscript 2peak] and VO[subscript 2max], respectively) are used in assessing aerobic power. For swimmers with physical impairments, it is unclear whether the physiological variables obtained in 200-m and Nx200-m tests are similar. The objective of this study is to assess the validity of VO[subscript…
Descriptors: Aquatic Sports, Physical Disabilities, Exercise Physiology, Tests
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Corres, Pablo; MartinezAguirre-Betolaza, Aitor; Fryer, Simon M.; Gorostegi-Anduaga, Ilargi; Arratibel-Imaz, Iñaki; Aispuru, G. Rodrigo; Maldonado-Martín, Sara – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2020
Purpose: To determine whether improvements in cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), blood pressure (BP) and body composition previously seen after a 16-week exercise intervention (POST) with hypocaloric diet are maintained following six months (6M) of unsupervised exercise time. Methods: Overweight/obese, physically inactive participants with primary…
Descriptors: Physical Fitness, Body Composition, Exercise, Intervention
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Umstattd Meyer, M. Renée; Prochnow, Tyler; Bridges, Christina N.; Carlton, Troy; Wilkins, Emily; Arnold, Kimberly T.; McClendon, Megan E.; McKenzie, Thomas; Pollack Porter, Keshia M. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2020
Purpose: The System for Observing Play and Recreation in Communities (SOPARC) is a valid, reliable method for understanding how people engage in physical activity (PA) in various permanent settings (e.g., parks) and contexts. However, its utility, reliability, and validity in temporary spaces has not been examined. Temporary spaces can provide PA…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Physical Activity Level, Play, Observation
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Khacharem, Aïmen; Trabelsi, Khaled; Zoudji, Bachir; Kalyuga, Slava – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2020
Purpose: Guided by cognitive load theory and cognitive theory of multimedia learning, the purpose of this study was to evaluate players' ability to integrate dynamic information presented under different conditions: a verbal condition, in which instructions were given orally; a visual condition, in which instructions were shown using arrow…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Augmentative and Alternative Communication, Communication Skills, Communication Strategies
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Mesagno, Christopher; Garvey, Jacob; Tibbert, Stephanie J.; Gröpel, Peter – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
When athletes fail to perform at an expected level during an important moment, it is implied the athletes have experienced "choking" (sudden decline in performance) under pressure.". Researchers have reported that persistent left-hemispheric activation patterns occur when an athlete experiences considerable performance…
Descriptors: Handedness, Team Sports, Performance, Athletes
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Wu, Lili; Ma, Xiao; Shi, Yutong; Tao, Shasha; Yu, Yong; Wang, Sijia; Luo, Liang; Xin, Tao; Li, Youfa – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: To summarize the framework and development procedure of the China National Assessment of Education Quality - Physical Education & Health in 2015 (CNAEQ-PEH 2015), an authoritative and evidence-based national surveillance protocol developed by the Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China for Grade 4 and Grade 8 students.…
Descriptors: Guidelines, Educational Quality, Physical Education, Grade 4
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Wang, Yehui; Ma, Xiao; Zhang, Yingbing; Wu, Lili; Yang, Zhaoxi; Yang, Tao; Li, Youfa – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: Previous studies indicated a positive association between physical education (PE) and mathematics achievement (MA). This study explored how PE curriculum implementation relates to MA using data from the China National Assessment of Education Quality (CNAEQ) in 2015, including Mathematics (CNAEQ-MA 2015) as well as Physical Education &…
Descriptors: Correlation, Mathematics Achievement, Physical Education, Curriculum Implementation
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Zhang, Yunyun; Liu, Sichen; Li, Youfa; Li, Xin; Ren, Ping; Luo, Fang – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: This study examined the prevalence of different weight status and the relationships between weight status and physical fitness among Chinese children and youth. Methods: Participants were 107,206 Grade 4 children and 70,213 Grade 8 youth from the China National Assessment of Educational Quality -- Physical Education & Health in 2015…
Descriptors: Correlation, Physical Fitness, Body Weight, Comparative Analysis
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Li, Youfa; Wang, Sijia; Yu, Yong; Wu, Lili; Shi, Yutong; Zhang, Michelle; Wu, Xinwei; Ma, Xiao – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: Physical education (PE) in school provides opportunities for physical activity (PA) engagement and reportedly results in improved health-related fitness. This study explored the underlying correlations between PE and activity-related healthy lifestyle practices with current level of cardiorespiratory fitness. Methods: A total of 13,138…
Descriptors: Correlation, Physical Fitness, Health Behavior, Physical Education
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Timmerman, Ewout A.; Savelsbergh, Geert J. P.; Farrow, Damian – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of eight different small-sided games (SSG) on physical, technical, and decision-making demands of training environments in U14 field hockey. Methods: A total of 13 participants played eight different training games consisting of two 7.5-minute halves, where number of players (three…
Descriptors: Athletes, Team Sports, Performance, Talent Development
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Nordin, Andrew D.; Dufek, Janet S. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: Overuse injuries are common in sport, but complete understanding of injury risk factors remains incomplete. Although biomechanical studies frequently examine musculoskeletal injury mechanisms, human movement variability studies aim to better understand neuromotor functioning, with proposed connections between overuse injury mechanisms and…
Descriptors: Injuries, Physical Activities, Physiology, Team Sports
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Murtagh, Conall F.; Naughton, Robert J.; McRobert, Allistair P.; O'Boyle, Andrew; Morgans, Ryland; Drust, Barry; Erskine, Robert M. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: The powerful activity profile of elite soccer match play has not been documented appropriately to inform specific maximal power assessment and development criteria. The aims of the current study were to develop a reliable soccer-specific powerful action (SSPA) notational analysis coding system that could be used to compare frequency and…
Descriptors: Athletics, Team Sports, Coding, Youth Programs
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Julio, Ursula F.; Panissa, Valéria L. G.; Cury, Rubiana L.; Agostinho, Marcus F.; Esteves, João V. D. C.; Franchini, Emerson – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: This study compared the energy system contributions and relationship between mechanical and energy system variables in upper and lower body Wingate tests (WAnT) in judo athletes. Method: Eleven male judo athletes (18 ± 1 years, 174.3 ± 5.3 cm, 72.6 ± 9.9 kg, 11.8 ± 1.7% body fat) attended two laboratory sessions to perform two WAnT (upper…
Descriptors: Physical Fitness, Athletes, Tests, Correlation
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Gillen, Zachary M.; Shoemaker, Marni E.; McKay, Brianna D.; Cramer, Joel T. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine magnitudes of differences for anthropometric and athletic performance scores between high school and elite college-level American football players. Method: Participants included high school-age (n = 3,666) athletes who participated in American football combines, as well as elite college-level (n…
Descriptors: High School Students, Athletes, Athletics, Team Sports
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