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Webster, Collin A.; Webster, Liana; Russ, Laura; Molina, Sergio; Lee, Heesu; Cribbs, Jason – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2015
Purpose: Since Sallis and McKenzie's seminal article in 1991 outlining physical education's role in public health, increased attention has been given to promoting youth physical activity in schools. The present study systematically reviewed the literature from 1991 to 2013 to identify recommendations for the preparation of physical…
Descriptors: Public Health, Alignment (Education), Physical Education, Preservice Teacher Education
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Janz, Kathleen F.; Thomas, David Q.; Ford, M. Allison; Williams, Skip M. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2015
Evidence strongly supports a positive, causal effect of physical activity on bone strength and suggests long-term benefits of childhood physical activity to the prevention of osteoporosis. The contribution of healthy bone development in youth is likely to be as important to fracture prevention as the amount of late adulthood bone loss. Families,…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Children, Adolescents, Evidence
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McKenzie, Thomas L.; van der Mars, Hans – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2015
Numerous methods are available to assess physical activity (PA) but systematic observation (SO) excels in being able to provide contextually rich data on the setting in which the activity occurs. As SO is particularly useful for determining how activity is influenced by the immediate physical and social environments, its use is becoming more…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Research Needs, Context Effect, Observation
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Kilpatrick, Marcus W.; Greeley, Samuel J.; Collins, Larry H. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2015
Rates of physical activity remain low despite public health efforts. One form of physical activity that provides significant physiological benefit but has not been evaluated in terms of affective and enjoyment responses is interval exercise. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare affect and enjoyment assessed before, during, and after…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Physical Activity Level, Exercise, Experiments
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Martinent, Guillaume; Ferrand, Claude – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2015
Purpose: Cognitive-motivational-relational theory (CMRT) emphasizes that cognitive appraisal components and core relational themes (in which the 6 separate appraisal judgments are brought together as 1) are the proximal determinants of athletes' emotions. This study aimed to explore appraisals associated with discrete emotions experienced by…
Descriptors: Athletes, Competition, Cognitive Processes, Emotional Response
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Gray, Shannon E.; Finch, Caroline F. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2015
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to provide an epidemiological profile of injuries sustained by participants in fitness activities in Victoria, Australia, based on hospital admissions and emergency department (ED) presentations and to identify the most common types, causes, and sites of these injuries. Method: Hospital-treated fitness…
Descriptors: Epidemiology, Injuries, Medical Services, Hospitals
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Casey, Ashley; Quennerstedt, Mikael – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2015
Purpose: The purpose of this article was to investigate how boys communicate previous experiences of cultural norms in physical education (PE) practice. This was done by analyzing what boys (from a school in the United Kingdom) remember about PE 2 years after they last participated. Making use of autobiographical memory theory and John Dewey's…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Males, Cultural Influences, Physical Education
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Rigby, Brandon R.; Papadakis, Zacharias; Bane, Annie A.; Park, Jin K.; Grandjean, Peter W. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2015
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the reliability of cardiorespiratory and pelvic kinematic responses to simulated horseback riding (SHBR) and to characterize responses to SHBR relative to walking in apparently healthy children. Method: Fifteen healthy children (Mage = 9.5 ± 2.6 years) completed SHBR on a commercially available…
Descriptors: Biomechanics, Metabolism, Recreational Activities, Horses
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Perry, John L.; Clough, Peter J.; Crust, Lee; Nabb, Sam L.; Nicholls, Adam R. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2015
Purpose: A new measure of sportspersonship, which differentiates between compliance and principled approaches, was developed and initially validated in 3 studies. Method: Study 1 developed items, assessed content validity, and proposed a model. Study 2 tested the factorial validity of the model on an independent sample. Study 3 further tested the…
Descriptors: Program Development, Program Validation, Physical Education, Compliance (Legal)
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Chen, Haichun – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2015
It was widely reported in China that female college students were fitter than male college students in a recent fitness study in Jiangsu Province, China. After carefully examining the finding and its related context, I believe that this specific finding was a "side effect" of the changes made in the "2014 Chinese Students Fitness…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Standards, College Students, Gender Differences
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Howie, Erin K.; Schatz, Jeffrey; Pate, Russell R. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2015
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the acute dose-response relationship of classroom exercise breaks with executive function and math performance in 9- to 12-year-old children by comparing 5-min, 10-min, or 20-min classroom exercise breaks to 10 min of sedentary classroom activity. Method: This study used a within-subjects…
Descriptors: Exercise, Executive Function, Correlation, Mathematics Achievement
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Lopez Castillo, Maria A.; Carlson, Jordan A.; Cain, Kelli L.; Bonilla, Edith A.; Chuang, Emmeline; Elder, John P.; Sallis, James F. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2015
Purpose: The study aims were to determine: (a) how class structure varies by dance type, (b) how moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behavior vary by dance class segments, and (c) how class structure relates to total MVPA in dance classes. Method: Participants were 291 boys and girls ages 5 to 18 years old enrolled in 58…
Descriptors: Dance, Dance Education, Physical Activities, Physical Activity Level
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Aibar Solana, Alberto; Bois, Julien E.; Zaragoza, Javier; Bru, Noëlle; Paillard, Thierry; Generelo, Eduardo – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2015
Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine and compare the correlates of objective sedentary behavior (SB) and nonschool self-reported SB in adolescents from 2 midsized cities, 1 in France (Tarbes) and 1 in Spain (Huesca). Stability of objective SB and nonschool self-reported SB were also assessed at different time points during 1 academic…
Descriptors: Correlation, Life Style, Health Behavior, Physical Activity Level
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Legrand, Fabien D.; Joly, Philippe M.; Bertucci, William M. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2015
Purpose: Increased core (brain or body) temperature that accompanies exercise has been posited to play an influential role in affective responses to exercise. However, findings in support of this hypothesis have been equivocal, and most of the performed studies have been done in relation to anxiety. The aim of the present study was to investigate…
Descriptors: Exercise Physiology, Exercise, Affective Measures, Metabolism
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Hauck, Janet L.; Ulrich, Dale A. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2015
Purpose: The purpose of this feasibility study was to provide an opportunity to increase physical activity (PA) and heart rate (HR) for children with Down syndrome (DS) during unstructured group exercise utilizing a riding device called the Power Pumper®. Method: Twenty-four children aged 5 to 7 years old participated in this case-control study,…
Descriptors: Down Syndrome, Physical Activity Level, Metabolism, Group Activities
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