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Robinson, Leah E.; Palmer, Kara K.; Webster, E. Kipling; Logan, Samuel W.; Chinn, Katherine M. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: This feasibility study compared the effects of 2 movement programs, traditional and mastery climate (i.e., the Children's Health Activity Motor Program [CHAMP]), on lesson context and children's physical activity (PA) levels. A secondary aim was to examine sex differences in PA levels in both programs. Method: Seventy-two preschoolers…
Descriptors: Feasibility Studies, Exercise, Teaching Methods, Physical Activity Level
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Green, Michael S.; Benson, Amanda K.; Martin, Tyler D. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: This study investigated the physiological effects of wearing a mouthguard during submaximal treadmill exercise. Method: Twenty-four recreationally active males (M[subscript age] = 21.3 ± 2.4 years, M[subscript height] = 1.78 ± 0.06 m, M[subscript weight] = 81.9 ± 10.6 kg, M[subscript body mass index] = 25.8 ± 3.4 kg·m[superscript -2])…
Descriptors: Males, Exercise Physiology, Late Adolescents, Young Adults
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Ludyga, Sebastian; Gerber, Markus; Brand, Serge; Pühse, Uwe; Colledge, Flora – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: Acute benefits of aerobic exercise on executive functioning have been reported frequently under laboratory conditions. However, to date, a beneficial effect on long-term memory has been less well supported and no data are available regarding nonlaboratory conditions in young adults. The aim of the current study was to investigate acute…
Descriptors: Exercise, Executive Function, Cognitive Processes, Long Term Memory
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Iannucci, Cassandra; MacPhail, Ann – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: This study was situated within a longitudinal study of 5 teachers examining the realities of teaching physical education by determining the impact of individual dispositions and contextual factors on the career trajectories of postprimary physical education teachers in Ireland (Iannucci & MacPhail, 2017). One of these participants,…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Foreign Countries, Semi Structured Interviews, Teaching Conditions
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Fedewa, Alicia L.; Fettrow, Elizabeth; Erwin, Heather; Ahn, Soyeon; Farook, Minnah – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: This study investigated the academic achievement and physical activity differences between types of activity breaks implemented in elementary school classrooms. This study evaluated whether there was a difference between the impact of purely aerobic-based movement breaks and the impact of academic-based breaks on children's academic…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Physical Activities, Motion, Correlation
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van Abswoude, Femke; Nuijen, Nienke B.; van der Kamp, John; Steenbergen, Bert – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: A large pool of evidence supports the beneficial effect of an external focus of attention on motor skill performance in adults. In children, this effect has been studied less and results are inconclusive. Importantly, individual differences are often not taken into account. We investigated the role of working memory, conscious motor…
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Short Term Memory, Attention, Preferences
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Kwon, Ja Youn; Kulinna, Pamela Hodges; van der Mars, Hans; Koro-Ljungberg, Mirka; Amrein-Beardsley, Audrey; Norris, Jason – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: Physical educators may be the responsible people for implementing comprehensive school physical activity programs (CSPAPs) in schools. However, it is unclear whether physical education teacher education (PETE) programs provide the relevant learning opportunities to preservice teachers for CSPAP implementation. The purpose of this study…
Descriptors: Physical Education Teachers, Preservice Teachers, Student Teacher Attitudes, Preservice Teacher Education
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Michailov, Michail Lubomirov; Baláš, Jirí; Tanev, Stoyan Kolev; Andonov, Hristo Stoyanov; Kodejška, Jan; Brown, Lee – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: An advanced system for the assessment of climbing-specific performance was developed and used to: (a) investigate the effect of arm fixation (AF) on construct validity evidence and reliability of climbing-specific finger-strength measurement; (b) assess reliability of finger-strength and endurance measurements; and (c) evaluate the…
Descriptors: Muscular Strength, Measures (Individuals), Test Validity, Test Reliability
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Vieira, Luiz H. P.; Cunha, Sérgio A.; Moraes, Renato; Barbieri, Fabio A.; Aquino, Rodrigo; Oliveira, Lucas de P.; Navarro, Martina; Bedo, Bruno L. S.; Santiago, Paulo R. P. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the kicking performance of young soccer players in the U9 to U20 age groups. Method: Three hundred and sixty-six Brazilian players were evaluated on an official pitch using three-dimensional kinematics to measure (300 Hz) ball velocity (V[subscript ball]), foot velocity (V[subscript foot]),…
Descriptors: Motion, Accuracy, Team Sports, Comparative Analysis
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Costa, Rochelle Rocha; Pilla, Carmen; Buttelli, Adriana Cristine Koch; Barreto, Michelle Flores; Vieiro, Priscila Azevedo; Alberton, Cristine Lima; Bracht, Cláudia Gomes; Kruel, Luiz Fernando Martins – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the effects of water-based aerobic training on the lipid profile and lipoprotein lipase (LPL) levels in premenopausal women with dyslipidemia. Method: Forty women were randomly assigned to: aquatic training (WA; n = 20) or a control group (CG; n = 20). The WA group underwent 12 weeks of water-based interval…
Descriptors: Exercise, Randomized Controlled Trials, Control Groups, Females
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St Quinton, Tom; Brunton, Julie A. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: This study is the 3rd piece of formative research utilizing the theory of planned behavior to inform the development of a behavior change intervention. Focus groups were used to identify reasons for and solutions to previously identified key beliefs in addition to potentially effective behavior change techniques. Method: A purposive…
Descriptors: Intervention, Behavior Theories, College Freshmen, Undergraduate Students
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Taunton, Sally A.; Mulvey, Kelly Lynn; Brian, Ali S. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: Although motor skill interventions often improve fundamental motor skills (FMS) during preschool, the extent of individual children's success in development of FMS still varies among children receiving the same intervention. Temperament is multifaceted and includes negative affect (high levels of frustration or anger), effortful control…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Motor Development, Psychomotor Skills, Psychomotor Objectives
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Lagestad, Pål; Mehus, Ingar – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Research from several countries has documented a decline in physical activity (PA) levels and in participation in organized sport with increasing age, indicating that organized sport may be of importance to adolescents' cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine how regular participation in organized and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Middle School Students, Grade 8, Adolescents
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Barnes, Matthew J.; Fraser, Jeremy; Coley, Karl; Perry, Blake G. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify whether post-resistance exercise (REx) blood flow restriction (BFR) can elicit a similar acute training stimulus to that offered by either heavy REx or traditional low-load BFR REx. Method: Ten men completed trials with 30% one-repetition maximum (1RM) for 5 sets of 15 repetitions without BFR…
Descriptors: Males, Metabolism, Exercise, Resistance (Psychology)
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Clennin, Morgan N.; Demissie, Zewditu; Michael, Shannon L.; Wright, Carly; Silverman, Stephen; Chriqui, Jamie; Pate, Russell R. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine changes in school-based physical education (PE) attendance over time among nationally representative samples of U.S. high school students and how changes in PE attendance have varied across demographic subgroups. Method: Student demographic information and PE attendance data were obtained from 13…
Descriptors: High School Students, Physical Education, Attendance, Risk
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