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Snyder, Natalie; Cinelli, Michael – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2020
Background: Balance control is an essential element of locomotion that enhances biomotor abilities and physical performance. Individuals with extensive soccer experience display superior static single leg balance control compared to athletes of other sports as well as non-athletes. However, during a match, players often encounter greater…
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Motion, Athletes, Team Sports
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Bunn, Jennifer; Schuitema, Summer; Zhang, Sidong; Mayhew, Jerry – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: To evaluate the relationship between years of collegiate playing experience and success of NCAA Division I volleyball programs. Methods: Data were gathered from the 2010-2015 seasons for each volleyball program in the "power five" conferences. Players that were involved in at least 66% of the sets were selected for analysis.…
Descriptors: Team Sports, College Athletics, Athletes, Scores
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Sidaway, Ben; Bouchard, Matthew; Chasse, Julie; Dunn, Jonathan; Govoni, Andrea; McPherson, Breanne; Roy, Katherine; Anderson, David I. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: The requirement for postural stability during the performance of motor skills has been clearly demonstrated in infants, but the necessity for such a postural substrate is not well documented in adults. The present study investigated the role of postural stability during a ballistic ball-kicking task in adults by providing varying degrees…
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Males, College Students, Late Adolescents
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Koopmann, Till; Steggemann-Weinrich, Yvonne; Baumeister, Jochen; Krause, Daniel – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: In sports games, coaches often use tactic boards to present tactical instructions during time-outs (e.g., 20 s to 60 s in basketball). Instructions should be presented in a way that enables fast and errorless information processing for the players. The aim of this study was to test the effect of different orientations of visual tactical…
Descriptors: Athletics, Cognitive Processes, Team Sports, Teaching Methods
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Raab, Markus; MacMahon, Clare – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2015
Purpose: Previous discussions of the hot hand belief, wherein athletes believe that they have a greater chance of scoring after 2 or 3 hits (successes) compared with 2 or 3 misses, have focused on whether this is the case within game statistics. Researchers have argued that the perception of the hot hand in random sequences is a bias of the…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Decision Making, Athletes, Beliefs
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Southard, Dan L. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2014
Purpose: The purposes of this study were to: (a) examine the effect of experience and goal constraints (speed, accuracy) on kicking patterns; (b) determine if effective striking mass was independent of ankle velocity at impact; and (c) determine the accuracy of kicks relative to independent factors. Method: Twenty participants were recruited to…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Kinetics, Accuracy, Goal Orientation
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Pontifex, Matthew B.; Broglio, Steven P.; Drollette, Eric S.; Scudder, Mark R.; Johnson, Chris R.; O'Connor, Phillip M.; Hillman, Charles H. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2012
We assessed the extent to which failures in sustained attention were associated with chronic mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) deficits in cognitive control among college-age young adults with and without a history of sport-related concussion. Participants completed the ImPACT computer-based assessment and a modified flanker task. Results…
Descriptors: Head Injuries, Neurological Impairments, Mild Disabilities, Attention
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Southard, Dan – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2011
In two separate experiments, this study examined changes in motor pattern and performance accuracy when low-level throwers focused on internal variables, external variables, and/or velocity of throw. In Experiment 1 the task goal was to improve the throwing pattern. In Experiment 2 the task goal was to throw as accurately as possible at a target.…
Descriptors: Motion, Experiments, Psychomotor Skills, Feedback (Response)
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Teixeira, Luis Augusto; de Oliveira, Dalton Lustosa; Romano, Rosangela Guimaraes; Correa, Sonia Cavalcanti – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2011
To examine the effect of long lasting practice on pedal behavior in sport, we compared experienced adult soccer players and nonsoccer players on leg preference in motor tasks requiring general mobilization, soccer related mobilization, and body balance stabilization. We also evaluated performance asymmetry between the right and left legs in static…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Athletes, Human Body, Comparative Analysis
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Hastie, Peter A.; Langevin, Francois; Wadsworth, Danielle – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2011
With a specific agenda of creating a fun activity that emphasized teamwork, cooperation, and sportsmanship, Mario Demers, a Canadian physical education professor, created Kin-Ball in the mid 1980s. The game involves three teams of four players each in which a large ball (4 feet diameter and 2.2 pounds weight (1.22 m and 1 kg, respectively) is sent…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Age Differences, Experience, Team Sports
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Gray, Rob – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2010
This study used signal detection theory to conceptualize the problem a baseball batter faces when deciding whether or not to swing at a pitch. It examined the launch angle (LA) criteria used by expert (college players) and less experienced (recreational league players) batters using a baseball batting simulation. This study showed that, although…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Theories, Physical Activities, Evaluation Methods
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Fenton, Lindsay T.; Pitter, Robert – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2010
This paper discusses participant observation studies of two rugby seasons--one rural high school and one university club--in which one author served as a first aid provider and student athletic trainer, respectively. Through analysis using triangulation, we explored how the rules, athlete's status, and return-to-play boundary influenced decisions…
Descriptors: Injuries, Socialization, Athletes, First Aid
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Waldron, Jennifer J.; Kowalski, Christopher L. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2009
Framed within the psychosocial context of the sport ethic and social-approval goal orientation, 10 female and 11 male current collegiate or former high school athletes participated in individual interviews about their hazing experiences. Data analysis resulted in seven lower order themes and two higher order themes. The higher order theme of the…
Descriptors: Hazing, Athletes, Social Influences, Social Attitudes
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Simons, Jeffery P.; Wilson, Jacob M.; Wilson, Gabriel J.; Theall, Stephen – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2009
We tested expert baseball pitchers for evidence of especial skills at the regulation pitching distance. Seven college pitchers threw indoors to a target placed at 60.5 feet (18.44 m) and four closer and four further distances away. Accuracy at the regulation distance was significantly better than predicted by regression on the nonregulation…
Descriptors: Cues, Team Sports, Context Effect, Self Efficacy
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Lausic, Domagoj; Tennebaum, Gershon; Eccles, David; Jeong, Allan; Johnson, Tristan – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2009
Verbal and nonverbal communication is a critical mediator of performance in team sports and yet there is little extant research in sports that involves direct measures of communication. Our study explored communication within NCAA Division I female tennis doubles teams. Video and audio recordings of players during doubles tennis matches captured…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Racquet Sports, Teamwork, Verbal Communication
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