ERIC Number: EJ1224997
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019
Abstractor: As Provided
How Does the Adjustment of Training Task Difficulty Level Influence Tactical Behavior in Soccer?
Machado, João Cláudio; Barreira, Daniel; Teoldo, Israel; Travassos, Bruno; Júnior, João Bosco; Santos, João Otacílio Libardoni Dos; Scaglia, Alcides José
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, v90 n3 p403-416 2019
Purpose: This study aimed to investigate if player tactical skill level and age category influence team performance and player exploratory behavior in tasks with different difficulty levels. Method: In total, 48 youth male soccer players participated in the study (U15, n = 24, mean age = 13.06 [plus or minus] 1.53 years; U17, n = 24, mean age = 16.89 [plus or minus] 0.11 years). Player tactical skills were evaluated through the System of Tactical Assessment in Soccer (FUT-SAT), allowing them to be organized into three groups according to tactical efficiency: Higher tactical skill level (Group 01), Intermediate tactical skill level (Group 02), and Lower tactical skill level (Group 03). Next, Group 01 and Group 03 of both categories performed six Small-Sided and Conditioned Games (SSCG) each, namely three High difficulty SSCGs and three Low difficulty SSCGs. Team performance and players' exploratory behavior were analyzed through the Offensive Sequences Characterization System and Lag Sequential Analysis, respectively. Results: We found that team performance and players' exploratory behavior were influenced both by the age and tactical skill level of the players, as well as by task difficulty level. Conclusion: Therefore, in an attempt to improve player performance, practitioners must carefully manipulate key task constraints to adapt training task difficulty levels to player age and tactical skill level.
Descriptors: Team Sports, Difficulty Level, Efficiency, Athletes, Age Differences, Males, Adolescents, Behavior Patterns, Performance, Sequential Approach, Training Methods, Psychomotor Skills, Athletics
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A