NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Back to results
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ1064463
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0270-1367
Establishing Normative Reference Values for Handgrip among Hungarian Youth
Saint-Maurice, Pedro F.; Laurson, Kelly R.; Karsai, István; Kaj, Mónika; Csányi, Tamás
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, v86 suppl 1 pS29-S36 2015
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine age- and sex-related variation in handgrip strength and to determine reference values for the Hungarian population. Method: A sample of 1,086 Hungary youth (aged 11-18 years old; 654 boys and 432 girls) completed a handgrip strength assessment using a handheld dynamometer. Quantile regression was used to compute separate models for boys and girls and included a linear, cubic, and quadratic term for age to account for nonlinear patterns. These terms were tested for statistical significance using the Wald statistical test with p < 0.05. Age- and sex-specific centiles were generated and the 50th percentile was used to describe the overall patterns in handgrip strength. Results: The linear, cubic, and quadratic terms for age fitted the data well for boys (p < 0.05), while both linear and quadratic terms for age were statistically significant for girls (p < 0.05). The 50th percentile values resulted in 21.4 kg, 21.7 kg, 25.0 kg, 30.0 kg, 35.4 kg, 40.0 kg, 42.6 kg, and 42.0 kg for boys aged 11 to 18 years old, respectively. The same percentile resulted in 20.0 kg, 19.5 kg, 19.6 kg, 20.3 kg, 21.6 kg, 23.5 kg, 26.1 kg, and 29.2 kg for girls aged 11 to 18 years old, respectively. Conclusions: Muscle strength as determined by handgrip has distinct age-related patterns in boys and girls. We have accounted for biological age differences and developed norm-referenced values that can be used to interpret handgrip assessment scores obtained from school-aged children in Hungary.
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Hungary