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Griffiths, Brad; Grant, James; Langdown, Louis; Gentil, Paulo; Fisher, James; Steele, James – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: Resistance training is often performed in a traditional training style using deliberate relatively longer repetition durations or in an explosive training style using maximal intended velocities and relatively shorter repetition durations. Both improve strength, "power" (impulsivity), and speed. This study compared explosive and…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Athletes, Exercise, Muscular Strength
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Keatlholetswe, Lesika; Malete, Leapetswe – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
The coaching competency research has demonstrated the role of coaching efficacy and coaching behaviors on various athlete outcomes. However, athlete perceptions of these relationships and how they affect performance are less understood. Purpose: This study examined if coaching efficacy is predictive of player perceptions of coaches' leadership…
Descriptors: Leadership Styles, Coaching (Performance), Athletes, Team Sports
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Gomes, A. Rui; Gonçalves, A. Manuela; Dias, Olga; Morais, Catarina – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: This study tested two hypotheses relating young athletes' sports motivations to parental behaviors and cognitive appraisal: (1) young athletes' motivation in sports is related to their parents' behavior; and (2) this relationship is mediated by cognitive appraisal, even after controlling for competitive level and sports records. Method:…
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Athletics, Team Sports, Competition
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Bolger, Linda A.; Bolger, Lisa E.; O'Neill, Cian; Coughlan, Edward; Lacey, Seán; O'Brien, Wesley; Burns, Con – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between fundamental movement skills (FMS) and markers of health among a cohort of Irish primary school children. Methods: Participants (N = 296, mean age: 7.99 ± 2.02 years) were senior infant (n = 149, mean age: 6.02 ± 0.39 years) and 4th class (n = 147, mean age: 9.97 ± 0.40 years)…
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Physical Activities, Physical Fitness, Correlation
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Limpens, Vera; Buszard, Tim; Shoemaker, Emma; Savelsbergh, Geert J. P.; Reid, Machar – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: The net height in tennis (0.91 m) is approximately 50% of a professional tennis player's height. Children are also expected to play with this net height, even though it is approximately 70% of the average 10-year-old's height. This study examined the immediate effect of lowering net height on the performance characteristics of skilled…
Descriptors: Racquet Sports, Foreign Countries, Talent Development, Psychomotor Skills
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Farias, Cláudio; Mesquita, Isabel; Hastie, Peter A.; O'Donovan, Toni – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to provide an integrated analysis of a teacher's peer-teaching mediation strategies, the student-coaches' instruction, and the students' gameplay development across 3 consecutive seasons of sport education. Method: Twenty-six 7th-grade students participated in 3 consecutive sport education seasons of invasion…
Descriptors: Action Research, Peer Teaching, Athletics, Games
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Vera, Jesús; Jiménez, Raimundo; García, José Antonio; Perales, José Cesar; Cárdenas, David – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: The purposes of this study were to (a) investigate the effect of physical effort (cycling for 60 min at 60 ± 5% of individually computed reserve heart-rate capacity), combined with 2 different levels of cognitive demand (2-back, oddball), on intraocular pressure (IOP) and subjective judgments of perceived exertion (ratings of perceived…
Descriptors: Exercise, Physical Fitness, Tests, College Students
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Santos, Sara; Coutinho, Diogo; Gonçalves, Bruno; Schöllhorn, Wolfgang; Sampaio, Jaime; Leite, Nuno – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify the effects of a differential-learning program, embedded in small-sided games, on the creative and tactical behavior of youth soccer players. Forty players from under-13 (U13) and under-15 (U15) were allocated into control and experimental groups and were tested using a randomized pretest to posttest…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Teaching Methods, Randomized Controlled Trials, Comparative Analysis
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Fox, Jordan L.; Stanton, Robert; Scanlan, Aaron T. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to quantify and compare training and competition demands in basketball. Methods: Fifteen semiprofessional male basketball players wore microsensors during physical conditioning training (PCT), games-based training (GBT), and competition to measure absolute and relative (·min[superscript -1]) PlayerLoad™ (PL)…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Males, Athletes, Measurement Equipment
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Canabrava, Karina L. R.; Faria, Fernanda R.; de Lima, Jorge R. P.; Guedes, Dartagnan P.; Amorim, Paulo R. S. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: This study aimed to compare the energy expenditure and intensity of active video games to that of treadmill walking in children and adolescents. Method: Seventy-two boys and girls (aged 8-13 years) were recruited from local public schools. Energy expenditure and heart rate were measured during rest, during 3-km/hr, 4-km/hr, and 5-km/hr…
Descriptors: Children, Early Adolescents, Energy, Physical Activity Level
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Ludyga, Sebastian; Gerber, Markus; Brand, Serge; Pühse, Uwe; Colledge, Flora – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: Acute benefits of aerobic exercise on executive functioning have been reported frequently under laboratory conditions. However, to date, a beneficial effect on long-term memory has been less well supported and no data are available regarding nonlaboratory conditions in young adults. The aim of the current study was to investigate acute…
Descriptors: Exercise, Executive Function, Cognitive Processes, Long Term Memory
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Iannucci, Cassandra; MacPhail, Ann – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: This study was situated within a longitudinal study of 5 teachers examining the realities of teaching physical education by determining the impact of individual dispositions and contextual factors on the career trajectories of postprimary physical education teachers in Ireland (Iannucci & MacPhail, 2017). One of these participants,…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Foreign Countries, Semi Structured Interviews, Teaching Conditions
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van Abswoude, Femke; Nuijen, Nienke B.; van der Kamp, John; Steenbergen, Bert – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: A large pool of evidence supports the beneficial effect of an external focus of attention on motor skill performance in adults. In children, this effect has been studied less and results are inconclusive. Importantly, individual differences are often not taken into account. We investigated the role of working memory, conscious motor…
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Short Term Memory, Attention, Preferences
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Michailov, Michail Lubomirov; Baláš, Jirí; Tanev, Stoyan Kolev; Andonov, Hristo Stoyanov; Kodejška, Jan; Brown, Lee – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: An advanced system for the assessment of climbing-specific performance was developed and used to: (a) investigate the effect of arm fixation (AF) on construct validity evidence and reliability of climbing-specific finger-strength measurement; (b) assess reliability of finger-strength and endurance measurements; and (c) evaluate the…
Descriptors: Muscular Strength, Measures (Individuals), Test Validity, Test Reliability
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Vieira, Luiz H. P.; Cunha, Sérgio A.; Moraes, Renato; Barbieri, Fabio A.; Aquino, Rodrigo; Oliveira, Lucas de P.; Navarro, Martina; Bedo, Bruno L. S.; Santiago, Paulo R. P. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the kicking performance of young soccer players in the U9 to U20 age groups. Method: Three hundred and sixty-six Brazilian players were evaluated on an official pitch using three-dimensional kinematics to measure (300 Hz) ball velocity (V[subscript ball]), foot velocity (V[subscript foot]),…
Descriptors: Motion, Accuracy, Team Sports, Comparative Analysis
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