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Tsuda, Emi; Goodway, Jacqueline D.; Famelia, Ruri; Brian, Ali – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2020
Purpose: This study examined the extent to which fundamental motor skill competence (FMSC; locomotor and object control skill competence) and perceived physical competence (PPC) predicted physical activity levels and sedentary behaviors during free-play time at preschool. Method: A total of 72 children (girls n = 33, boys n = 39; M[subscript age]…
Descriptors: Correlation, Physical Activities, Play, Self Concept
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Kinoshita, Keita; MacIntosh, Eric; Sato, Shintaro – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2020
Purpose: The purpose of the study is to examine how the combination of "what" (e.g., mastery- and performance-avoidance goals) and "why" (e.g., external regulation) are related to sport participant's goal attainment. To examine this phenomenon, we used achievement goal theory (AGT) and self-determination theory (SDT). Past…
Descriptors: Goal Orientation, Mastery Learning, Team Sports, Self Determination
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García-García, Oscar; Cuba-Dorado, Alba; Riveiro-Bozada, Alicia; Carballo-López, Javier; Álvarez-Yates, Tania; López-Chicharro, José – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2020
Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the changes in neuromuscular contractile properties in elite cyclists associated to the peripheral fatigue produced in a maximal incremental test in cycle ergometer. Methods: Forty-eight volunteers' well-trained male cyclists were evaluated during the competition season within a recovery microcycle.…
Descriptors: Exercise Physiology, Fatigue (Biology), Physical Activities, Males
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Schedler, Simon; Brock, Katharina; Fleischhauer, Fabian; Kiss, Rainer; Muehlbauer, Thomas – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2020
Purpose: In youth, cross-sectional studies reported age differences in balance performance that were in favor of adolescents. Thus, trainability of balance performance might be different in children compared to adolescents. The purpose of this study was therefore to compare the effects of balance training (BT) on balance performance between…
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Age Differences, Pretests Posttests, Children
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Alves, Danilo L.; Cruz, Ramon; Bara, Crystina L. B. P.; Osiecki, Raul; Lima, Jorge R. P.; De-Oliveira, Fernando R. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2020
Purpose: The aim of the study was to verify the agreement between preplanned and executed pacing during a 3-km race and determine whether adjustments are mediated by the rating of perceived exertion (RPE). Method: Thirteen young runners (eight males and five females, 17.5 ± 2.1 and 17.0 ± 1.6 years old, respectively) with national and…
Descriptors: Planning, Exercise Physiology, Physical Activities, Late Adolescents
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Feitosa, Wellington G.; Barbosa, Tiago M.; Correia, Ricardo de A.; Castro, Flávio A. de S. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2020
Purpose: Peak and maximal oxygen uptake (VO[subscript 2peak] and VO[subscript 2max], respectively) are used in assessing aerobic power. For swimmers with physical impairments, it is unclear whether the physiological variables obtained in 200-m and Nx200-m tests are similar. The objective of this study is to assess the validity of VO[subscript…
Descriptors: Aquatic Sports, Physical Disabilities, Exercise Physiology, Tests
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Mesagno, Christopher; Garvey, Jacob; Tibbert, Stephanie J.; Gröpel, Peter – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
When athletes fail to perform at an expected level during an important moment, it is implied the athletes have experienced "choking" (sudden decline in performance) under pressure.". Researchers have reported that persistent left-hemispheric activation patterns occur when an athlete experiences considerable performance…
Descriptors: Handedness, Team Sports, Performance, Athletes
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Wu, Lili; Ma, Xiao; Shi, Yutong; Tao, Shasha; Yu, Yong; Wang, Sijia; Luo, Liang; Xin, Tao; Li, Youfa – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: To summarize the framework and development procedure of the China National Assessment of Education Quality - Physical Education & Health in 2015 (CNAEQ-PEH 2015), an authoritative and evidence-based national surveillance protocol developed by the Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China for Grade 4 and Grade 8 students.…
Descriptors: Guidelines, Educational Quality, Physical Education, Grade 4
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Wang, Yehui; Ma, Xiao; Zhang, Yingbing; Wu, Lili; Yang, Zhaoxi; Yang, Tao; Li, Youfa – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: Previous studies indicated a positive association between physical education (PE) and mathematics achievement (MA). This study explored how PE curriculum implementation relates to MA using data from the China National Assessment of Education Quality (CNAEQ) in 2015, including Mathematics (CNAEQ-MA 2015) as well as Physical Education &…
Descriptors: Correlation, Mathematics Achievement, Physical Education, Curriculum Implementation
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Zhang, Yunyun; Liu, Sichen; Li, Youfa; Li, Xin; Ren, Ping; Luo, Fang – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: This study examined the prevalence of different weight status and the relationships between weight status and physical fitness among Chinese children and youth. Methods: Participants were 107,206 Grade 4 children and 70,213 Grade 8 youth from the China National Assessment of Educational Quality -- Physical Education & Health in 2015…
Descriptors: Correlation, Physical Fitness, Body Weight, Comparative Analysis
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Li, Youfa; Wang, Sijia; Yu, Yong; Wu, Lili; Shi, Yutong; Zhang, Michelle; Wu, Xinwei; Ma, Xiao – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: Physical education (PE) in school provides opportunities for physical activity (PA) engagement and reportedly results in improved health-related fitness. This study explored the underlying correlations between PE and activity-related healthy lifestyle practices with current level of cardiorespiratory fitness. Methods: A total of 13,138…
Descriptors: Correlation, Physical Fitness, Health Behavior, Physical Education
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Nordin, Andrew D.; Dufek, Janet S. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: Overuse injuries are common in sport, but complete understanding of injury risk factors remains incomplete. Although biomechanical studies frequently examine musculoskeletal injury mechanisms, human movement variability studies aim to better understand neuromotor functioning, with proposed connections between overuse injury mechanisms and…
Descriptors: Injuries, Physical Activities, Physiology, Team Sports
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Julio, Ursula F.; Panissa, Valéria L. G.; Cury, Rubiana L.; Agostinho, Marcus F.; Esteves, João V. D. C.; Franchini, Emerson – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: This study compared the energy system contributions and relationship between mechanical and energy system variables in upper and lower body Wingate tests (WAnT) in judo athletes. Method: Eleven male judo athletes (18 ± 1 years, 174.3 ± 5.3 cm, 72.6 ± 9.9 kg, 11.8 ± 1.7% body fat) attended two laboratory sessions to perform two WAnT (upper…
Descriptors: Physical Fitness, Athletes, Tests, Correlation
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Klatt, Stefanie; Noël, Benjamin; Musculus, Lisa; Werner, Karsten; Laborde, Sylvain; Lopes, Mariana Calábria; Greco, Pablo J.; Memmert, Daniel; Raab, Markus – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: The concepts of creativity and intuition have been well studied in isolation, but less is known about their distinctive contributions to option generation in decision making. Method: We examined the relation between creative and intuitive decision making in two studies--one involving coaches and one involving soccer players--using video…
Descriptors: Creativity, Intuition, Decision Making, Correlation
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Psycharakis, Stelios G.; Eagle, Shawn R.; Moir, Gavin L.; Rawcliffe, Alex; Mckenzie, Clive; Graham, Scott M.; Lamont, Hugh S.; Connaboy, Chris – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: A vertical jump (VJ) is a common task performed in several sports, with the height achieved correlated to skilled performance. Loaded VJs are often used in the training of recreational and professional athletes. The bilateral deficit (BLD), which refers to the difference between the heights achieved by a bilateral jump and the sum of two…
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Performance, Athletics, Body Weight
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