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Showing 1 to 15 of 155 results Save | Export
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Mesagno, Christopher; Garvey, Jacob; Tibbert, Stephanie J.; Gröpel, Peter – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
When athletes fail to perform at an expected level during an important moment, it is implied the athletes have experienced "choking" (sudden decline in performance) under pressure.". Researchers have reported that persistent left-hemispheric activation patterns occur when an athlete experiences considerable performance…
Descriptors: Handedness, Team Sports, Performance, Athletes
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Zhang, Yunyun; Liu, Sichen; Li, Youfa; Li, Xin; Ren, Ping; Luo, Fang – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: This study examined the prevalence of different weight status and the relationships between weight status and physical fitness among Chinese children and youth. Methods: Participants were 107,206 Grade 4 children and 70,213 Grade 8 youth from the China National Assessment of Educational Quality -- Physical Education & Health in 2015…
Descriptors: Correlation, Physical Fitness, Body Weight, Comparative Analysis
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García, Juan A.; Carcedo, Rodrigo J.; Castaño, Juan L. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: The purpose of this work is focused on the study of the effect that feedback has on competence valuation, perceived competence, autonomous motivation, vitality, and performance in a throwing task. Method: Thirty-five college students (26 men and 9 women), without previous experience in the task, participated in this study. The students…
Descriptors: College Students, Barriers, Physical Activities, Feedback (Response)
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Akinci, Buket; Yeldan, Ipek; Celik, Selda; Satman, Ilhan – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: This study aimed (1) to compare physical activity (PA) indicators, metabolic biomarkers, and comorbidity, (2) to investigate the relationship between PA indicators and metabolic biomarkers, comorbidity and (3) to identify barriers to PA in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) who are using oral hypoglycaemic agent (OHA) or combined OHA…
Descriptors: Diabetes, Biochemistry, Correlation, Physical Activity Level
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Sanz-Remacha, María; García-González, Luis; Sevil Serrano, Javier; Generelo Lanaspa, Eduardo; Aibar Solana, Alberto – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: Despite the well-known health benefits of physical activity (PA), disadvantaged populations usually have lower PA levels than the rest of the population. Some intra- and interpersonal factors such as different types of barriers to PA may influence PA levels, particularly among disadvantaged adult women. The first aim of this qualitative…
Descriptors: Barriers, Females, Disadvantaged, Physical Activities
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Filanowski, Patrick M.; Iannotti, Ronald J.; Crouter, Scott E.; Vermeulen, Anne; Schmidt, Ellyn M.; Hoffman, Jessica A.; Castaneda-Sceppa, Carmen; Milliken, Laurie A. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine whether structured physical activity (PA) in a family-based community exercise program affects PA of young children and parents. Method: Twenty-two children (mean ± SD; age, 4.9 ± 2.1 years) and their parents (age, 34.3 ± 7.6 years) participated in unstructured PA sessions followed by either short-…
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Physical Activity Level, Comparative Analysis, Family Programs
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Charkamyani, Forouzan; Hosseinkhani, Azadeh; Neisani Samani, Leila; Khedmat, Leila – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: The role of a structured program of exercise training on the low-risk pregnancy in Iranian women undergoing "in vitro" fertilization (IVF) based on the reduction of gestational diabetes was examined. Method: A comparative quasi-experimental clinical trial with 170 IVF-pregnant women in two intervention and control groups was…
Descriptors: Pregnancy, Females, Neonates, Life Style
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Johnson, Jerraco L.; Rudisill, Mary E.; Hastie, Peter; Wadsworth, Danielle; Strunk, Kamden; Venezia, Alexandra; Sassi, Julia; Morris, Michael; Merritt, Monaye – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: Children who do not learn their fundamental motor skills (FMS) are more likely to be unskilled, sedentary adults. By consequence, it behooves those teaching physical education to put in place mechanisms that promote as well as motivate children to master their FMS. One approach to achieving this goal is through the adoption of mastery…
Descriptors: Mastery Learning, Psychomotor Skills, Motor Development, Physical Education
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Menting, Stein Gerrit Paul; Elferink-Gemser, Marije Titia; Edwards, Andrew Mark; Hettinga, Florentina Johanna – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: To study the pacing behavior and performance of novice youth exercisers in a controlled laboratory setting. Method: Ten healthy participants (seven male, three female, 15.8±1.0 years) completed four, 2-km trials on a Velotron cycling ergometer. Visit 1 was a familiarization trial. Visits 2 to 4 involved the following conditions, in…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Novices, Measurement, Performance
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Jalalvand, Mojtaba; Bahram, Abbas; Daneshfar, Afkham; Arsham, Saeed – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: This study aimed to examine the effect of gradual self-control of task difficulty and feedback on accuracy and movement pattern of the golf putting sport skill. Method: Sixty students were quasi-randomly assigned to four groups under a varying combination of the two factors of task difficulty control (self-controlled or yoked) and…
Descriptors: Task Analysis, Athletics, Psychomotor Skills, Feedback (Response)
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Raimundo, João A. G.; Turnes, Tiago; de Aguiar, Rafael A.; Lisbôa, Felipe D.; Loch, Thiago; Ribeiro, Guilherme; Caputo, Fabrizio – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: Metabolic perturbation and VO[subscript 2] on-kinetics are potential modifiers of fatigue and vary in importance depending on the exercise task. Thus, performance fatigability during high-intensity exercise seems to be exercise mode dependent, affecting tolerance in the severe domain. However, the effects of exercise mode on severe domain…
Descriptors: Exercise, Comparative Analysis, Physical Activities, Testing
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Rymal, Amanda M.; Ste-Marie, Diane M. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: This research investigated whether Zimmerman's model of self-regulated learning could be transferred into a competitive setting. We also investigated whether a feedforward self-modeling video could influence one's use of self-regulation and as such be an effective self-regulatory intervention. Methods: Nine competitive gymnasts took part…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Competition, Video Technology, Athletes
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Dokumaci, Bircan; Hazir, Tahir – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: This study investigated the effects of the menstrual cycle on running economy (RE). Method: Eleven eumenorrheic female athletes (mean age: 21.18 [plus or minus] 3.65 years, height: 170.2 [plus or minus] 6.6 cm, VO[subscript 2]max: 49.25 [plus or minus] 9.15 mL[middle dot]kg[superscript -1][middle dot]min[superscript -1], and menstrual…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Metabolism, Physiology, Females
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Pizzera, Alexandra; Möller, Carsten; Plessner, Henning – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Gymnastics judges and former gymnasts have been shown to be quite accurate in detecting errors and accurately judging performance. Purpose: The purpose of the current study was to examine if this superior judging performance is reflected in judges' gaze behavior. Method: Thirty-five judges were asked to judge 21 gymnasts who performed a skill on…
Descriptors: Athletics, Judges, Eye Movements, Comparative Analysis
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Santos, Sara; Coutinho, Diogo; Gonçalves, Bruno; Schöllhorn, Wolfgang; Sampaio, Jaime; Leite, Nuno – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify the effects of a differential-learning program, embedded in small-sided games, on the creative and tactical behavior of youth soccer players. Forty players from under-13 (U13) and under-15 (U15) were allocated into control and experimental groups and were tested using a randomized pretest to posttest…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Teaching Methods, Randomized Controlled Trials, Comparative Analysis
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