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Schedler, Simon; Brock, Katharina; Fleischhauer, Fabian; Kiss, Rainer; Muehlbauer, Thomas – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2020
Purpose: In youth, cross-sectional studies reported age differences in balance performance that were in favor of adolescents. Thus, trainability of balance performance might be different in children compared to adolescents. The purpose of this study was therefore to compare the effects of balance training (BT) on balance performance between…
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Age Differences, Pretests Posttests, Children
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Schmitz, Boris; Pfeifer, Carina; Thorwesten, Lothar; Krüger, Michael; Klose, Andreas; Brand, Stefan-Martin – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2020
Purpose: This study analyzed the physiological response during Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Level 1 (YYIR1) test and re-test by in-field ergospirometry and time-series analyses of respiratory parameters. Methods: Ten moderately trained males (23.4 ± 2.01 years, VO[subscript 2peak]= 56.81 ± 10.75 mL·kg[superscript -1]·min[superscript -1]) completed…
Descriptors: Exercise Physiology, Males, Physical Activities, Test Validity
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Klatt, Stefanie; Noël, Benjamin; Musculus, Lisa; Werner, Karsten; Laborde, Sylvain; Lopes, Mariana Calábria; Greco, Pablo J.; Memmert, Daniel; Raab, Markus – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: The concepts of creativity and intuition have been well studied in isolation, but less is known about their distinctive contributions to option generation in decision making. Method: We examined the relation between creative and intuitive decision making in two studies--one involving coaches and one involving soccer players--using video…
Descriptors: Creativity, Intuition, Decision Making, Correlation
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Bauer, Pascal; Kraushaar, Lutz; Most, Astrid; Hölscher, Sophie; Tajmiri- Gondai, Shahin; Dörr, Oliver; Troidl, Christian; Bauer, Timm; Nef, Holger; Hamm, Christian W.; Keller, Till – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: To evaluate vascular function and its relationship to cardiorespiratory fitness in professional handball athletes. Method: We examined 30 male professional handball athletes (age 27 [plus or minus] 4 y) and 10 male sedentary controls (age 26[plus or minus] 5 y) at rest. The workup included exercise testing via ergometry. To assess…
Descriptors: Exercise Physiology, Athletics, Team Sports, Athletes
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Koopmann, Till; Steggemann-Weinrich, Yvonne; Baumeister, Jochen; Krause, Daniel – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: In sports games, coaches often use tactic boards to present tactical instructions during time-outs (e.g., 20 s to 60 s in basketball). Instructions should be presented in a way that enables fast and errorless information processing for the players. The aim of this study was to test the effect of different orientations of visual tactical…
Descriptors: Athletics, Cognitive Processes, Team Sports, Teaching Methods
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Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2016
By bringing together the national German sports game community and an international scientific community in a joint conference, the 6th International Teaching Games for Understanding Conference (TGfU) Meets the 10th German Sports Games Symposium of the German Association of Sport Science (DVS), held July 25-27, 2016, at the German Sport University…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Team Sports, Racquet Sports, Athletics
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Heinen, Thomas; Vinken, Pia M.; Jeraj, Damian; Velentzas, Konstantinos – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2013
Purpose: Visual information is utilized in gymnastics vaulting. The question remains as to which informational sources are used to regulate handspring performance. The purpose of this study was to examine springboard and vaulting table position as informational sources in gymnastics vaulting. The hypothesis tested was that the approach-run and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Athletics, Athletes, Equipment
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Petranek, Laura Jones; Barton, Gina V. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2011
A developmental description of overarm-throwing characteristics of U-14 female ASA softball players is presented here. Comparisons were made between these athletes and teens of similar age in the United States (Runion, Roberton, & Langendorfer, 2003) and in Germany (Ehl, Roberton, & Langendorfer, 2005). A majority of the softball players…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Females, Motion, Foreign Countries
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Granacher, Urs; Gollhofer, Albert; Kriemler, Susi – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2010
Deficits in strength of the lower extremities and postural control have been associated with a high risk of sustaining sport-related injuries. Such injuries often occur during physical education (PE) classes and mostly affect the lower extremities. Thus, the objectives of this study were to investigate the effects of balance training on postural…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Physical Activities, High School Students, Physical Education
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Thomas, Jerry R.; Alderson, Jacqueline A.; Thomas, Katherine T.; Campbell, Amity C.; Elliott, Bruce C. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2010
In a review of 46 meta-analyses of gender differences, overhand throwing had the largest gender difference favoring boys (ES greater than 3.0). Expectations for gender-specific performances may be less pronounced in female Australian Aborigines, because historical accounts state they threw for defense and hunting. Overhand throwing velocities and…
Descriptors: Females, Gender Differences, Males, Indigenous Populations
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Breuer, Christoph; Wicker, Pamela – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2009
According to cross-sectional studies in sport science literature, decreasing sports activity with increasing age is generally assumed. In this paper, the validity of this assumption is checked by applying more effective methods of analysis, such as longitudinal and cohort sequence analyses. With the help of 20 years' worth of data records from the…
Descriptors: Athletics, Behavior Change, National Surveys, Adults
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Knechtle, Beat; Duff, Brida; Welzel, Ulrich; Kohler, Gotz – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2009
In the present study, we investigated the association of anthropometric parameters with race performance in ultraendurance runners in a multistage ultraendurance run, in which athletes had to run 338 km within 5 consecutive days. In 17 male successful finishers, calculations of body mass, body height, skinfold thicknesses, extremity circumference,…
Descriptors: Body Height, Body Composition, Instructional Films, Athletics
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Canal-Bruland, Rouwen – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2009
Perceptual-cognitive processes play an important role in open, fast-paced, interceptive sports such as tennis, basketball, and soccer. Visual information processing has been shown to distinguish skilled from less skilled athletes. Research on the perceptual demands of sports performance has raised questions regarding athletes' visual information…
Descriptors: Attention, Visual Perception, Decision Making, Cognitive Processes
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Schott, Nadja; Alof, Verena; Hultsch, Daniela; Meermann, Dagmar – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2007
The protective effects of physical activity and fitness on cardiovascular health have clearly been shown among normally developed children. However, data are currently lacking pertaining to children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD). The purpose of this study was to examine differences in fitness measures, body composition, and…
Descriptors: Obesity, Body Composition, Age Differences, Physical Activities
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Raab, Markus; Johnson, Joseph G. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2004
The goal of this article is to explain empirical risk-taking behavior in sports from an individual cognitive modeling perspective. A basketball task was used in which participants viewed four video options that varied in the degree of associated risk. The participants were independently classified by scores on the Questionnaire for Assessing…
Descriptors: Measures (Individuals), Team Sports, Personality Traits, Psychological Patterns