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Gourlan, Mathieu; Boiché, Julie; Takito, Monica; Fregeac, Bruno; Cousson-Gélie, Florence – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: The theory of planned behavior (TPB) has been criticized for not including interactions between the variables assumed to predict behavior. This study sought to test how TPB variables interact to predict physical activity (PA) in children. Method: Four hundred thirty-eight children (M[subscript age] = 8.6 years, SD = 1.6 years) completed a…
Descriptors: Prediction, Physical Activities, Correlation, Child Behavior
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Martinent, Guillaume; Ferrand, Claude – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2015
Purpose: Cognitive-motivational-relational theory (CMRT) emphasizes that cognitive appraisal components and core relational themes (in which the 6 separate appraisal judgments are brought together as 1) are the proximal determinants of athletes' emotions. This study aimed to explore appraisals associated with discrete emotions experienced by…
Descriptors: Athletes, Competition, Cognitive Processes, Emotional Response
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Aibar Solana, Alberto; Bois, Julien E.; Zaragoza, Javier; Bru, Noëlle; Paillard, Thierry; Generelo, Eduardo – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2015
Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine and compare the correlates of objective sedentary behavior (SB) and nonschool self-reported SB in adolescents from 2 midsized cities, 1 in France (Tarbes) and 1 in Spain (Huesca). Stability of objective SB and nonschool self-reported SB were also assessed at different time points during 1 academic…
Descriptors: Correlation, Life Style, Health Behavior, Physical Activity Level
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Legrand, Fabien D.; Joly, Philippe M.; Bertucci, William M. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2015
Purpose: Increased core (brain or body) temperature that accompanies exercise has been posited to play an influential role in affective responses to exercise. However, findings in support of this hypothesis have been equivocal, and most of the performed studies have been done in relation to anxiety. The aim of the present study was to investigate…
Descriptors: Exercise Physiology, Exercise, Affective Measures, Metabolism
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Schnitzler, Christophe; Seifert, Ludovic; Chollet, Didier – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine whether the Index of Coordination (IdC) and the propulsive phase durations can differentiate performance level during a maximal 400-m front crawl swim trial. Sixteen male swimmers constituted two groups based on performance level (G1: experts; G2: recreational). All participants swam the 400-m front crawl…
Descriptors: Expertise, Video Technology, Aquatic Sports, Fatigue (Biology)
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Leverrier, Celine; Gauthier, Antoine; Nicolas, Arnaud; Molinaro, Corinne – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2011
The purpose of this study was to observe the effects of a submaximal isometric training program on estimation capacity at 25, 50, and 75% of maximal contraction in isometric action and at two angular velocities. The second purpose was to study the variability of isometric action. To achieve these purposes, participants carried out an isokinetic…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Feedback (Response), Training, Scheduling
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Nafati, Gilel; Vuillerme, Nicolas – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2011
This experiment was designed to investigate whether and how decreasing the amount of attentional focus invested in postural control could affect bipedal postural control. Twelve participants were asked to stand upright as immobile as possible on a force platform in one control condition and one cognitive condition. In the latter condition, they…
Descriptors: Human Posture, Adults, Attention, Attention Control
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Lodewijkx, Hein F. M.; Brouwer, Bram – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2011
The 1990-2010 period in professional cycling is labeled by some as the epo epidemic. Surprisingly, performance enhancement by epo and blood doping is not that clear-cut for endurance athletes, leading to the question whether doping indeed strongly influenced cyclists' performances from the 1990s onwards. We examined the records (1947-2008) of the…
Descriptors: Exercise Physiology, Foreign Countries, Exercise, Athletes
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Rascle, Olivier; Traclet, Alan; Souchon, Nicolas; Coulomb-Cabagno, Genevieve; Petrucci, Carrie – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2010
The purpose of this study was to investigate the aggressor-victim difference in perceived legitimacy of aggression in soccer as a function of score information (tied, favorable, unfavorable), sporting penalization (no risk, yellow card, red card), and type of aggression (instrumental, hostile). French male soccer players (N = 133) read written…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Victims of Crime, Aggression, Scores
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Tudor-Locke, Catrine; McClain, James J.; Hart, Teresa L.; Sisson, Susan B.; Washington, Tracy L. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2009
This review assembles pedometry literature focused on youth, with particular attention to expected values for habitual, school day, physical education class, recess, lunch break, out-of-school, weekend, and vacation activity. From 31 studies published since 1999, we constructed a youth habitual activity step-curve that indicates: (a) from ages 6…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Physical Activities, Females, Males
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Traclet, Alan; Rascle, Olivier; Souchon, Nicolas; Coulomb-Cabagno, Genevieve; Petrucci, Carrie; Ohbuchi, Ken-Ichi – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2009
Most researchers have defined aggression in sport as overt acts violating the formal rules and intentionally causing harm. Such conduct in team sports may also be conceptualized as a kind of social interaction, which would suggest aggression is not judged as an isolated act but as a set of actions and reactions between individuals. In many…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Aggression, Athletes, Males
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Delorme, Nicolas; Boiche, Julie; Raspaud, Michel – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2009
The relative age effect (RAE) is considered a common phenomenon in elite sport. However, it has not been examined systematically in previous research, and the mechanisms likely to generate or to limit such an effect are little understood. This paper investigates the prevalence of the RAE in French professional championship-level players, taking…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Athletics, Gender Differences, Foreign Countries
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Poplu, Gerald; Ripoll, Hubert; Mavromatis, Sebastien; Baratgin, Jean – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2008
The aim of this study was to determine what visual information expert soccer players encode when they are asked to make a decision. We used a repetition-priming paradigm to test the hypothesis that experts encode a soccer pattern's structure independently of the players' physical characteristics (i.e., posture and morphology). The participants…
Descriptors: Physical Characteristics, Team Sports, Visual Stimuli, Athletes
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Capranica, Laura; Minganti, Carlo; Billat, Veronique; Hanghoj, Signe; Piacentini, Maria Francesca; Cumps, Elke; Meeusen, Romain – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2005
In general, women are well represented among sport participants and sport audiences but not in the media. Data show that women's sport is greatly under-reported and trivialized in newspapers. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to measure press coverage during the 2000 Summer Olympic Games in the largest circulating Belgian, Danish, French,…
Descriptors: Gender Bias, Foreign Countries, Females, Womens Athletics