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ERIC Number: EJ966101
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jun
Pages: 5
Abstractor: ERIC
ISSN: ISSN-0270-1367
Body Mass Index and Skinfold Thickness Measurements as Body Composition Screening Tools in Caucasian and African American Youth
Bryan, Charity Leigh; Solmon, Melinda A.; Zanovec, Michael T.; Tuuri, Georgianna
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, v82 n2 p345-349 Jun 2011
There is growing concern regarding childhood obesity and its impact on children's health, and many states and school districts have mandated that health assessments be conducted as part of physical education. Tools such as the FITNESSGRAM[R] can help teachers inform students and parents if students are above a healthy weight range. The FITNESSGRAM body composition assessment helps teachers categorize students as being in the Healthy Fitness Zone[R] or the Needs Improvement Zone based on skinfold thickness measurements or body mass index (BMI; kg/m[superscript 2]) data based on height and weight. To date, the consistency of the FITNESSGRAM risk classification determined from BMI as compared to skinfold thickness measurements has not been examined. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine if the FITNESSGRAM body composition cut-points using BMI and skinfold thickness resulted in the same classification of African American and Caucasian youth as being overly fat. The authors hypothesized that, when using the BMI measures, more African American compared to Caucasian youth would be in the unhealthy weight zone. (Contains 2 tables.)
American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance. 1900 Association Drive, Reston, VA 20191. Tel: 800-213-7193; Fax: 703-476-9527; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 6; Grade 7; Grade 8; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Louisiana