ERIC Number: EJ706298
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Sep
Relationships between Body Composition and Fundamental Movement Skills among Children and Adolescents
Okely, Anthony D.; Booth, Michael L.; Chey, Tien
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, v75 n3 p238-247 Sep 2004
The purpose of this study was to examine associations of fundamental movement skills (FMS) with measures of body composition. among children and adolescents. Secondary analyses of cross-sectional data collected from 4,363 children and adolescents in Grades 4, 6, 8, and 10 as part of the 1997 New South Wales Schools Fitness and Physical Activity Survey were conducted. Six FMS (run, vertical jump, throw, catch, kick, and strike) were assessed by observation. Height and weight (used to calculate body mass index; BMI) and waist circumference were directly measured. Results indicated that the children's and adolescents' ability to perform FMS was significantly related to BMI and waist circumference. Specifically, BMI and waist circumference were significant predictors for FMS in six of the eight demographic groups. Adjusted odds ratios revealed that overweight boys and girls in all grades were less likely to possess high levels of FMS and more likely to possess low levels of FMS than those who weren't overweight. When FMS were partitioned into locomotor and object-control skills, non-overweight buys and girls in each grade were two to there times more likely to possess more advanced locomotor skills than overweight boys and girls. However, for object-control skills, the only demographic groups in which non-overweight students possessed a greater number of advanced skills than overweight students were boys in Grades 6 and 10. There appear to be significant and important association between performance of locomotor skills and weight status among children and adolescents. This would suggest that intervention strategies to prevent unhealthy weight gain among children and youth might usefully include increasing proficiency of locomotor skills as a key component.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Body Weight, Physical Activities, Body Composition, Adolescents, Children, Psychomotor Skills, Intervention, Physical Development, Physical Fitness
American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 1900 Association Dr., Reston, VA 20191-1598. Web site: http://www.aahperd.org.
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Grade 10; Grade 4; Grade 6; Grade 8
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia