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Shen, Bo; Reinhart-Lee, Tamara; Janisse, Heather; Brogan, Kathryn; Danford, Cynthia; Jen, K-L. C. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2012
The purpose of this study was to describe the physical activity levels of urban inner city preschoolers while attending Head Start, the federally funded preschool program for children from low-income families. Participants were 158 African American children. Their physical activity during Head Start days was measured using programmed RT-3…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, African American Children, Preschool Education, Preschool Children
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Shen, Bo – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2010
This prospective study was designed to investigate the influence of high students' perceived teacher autonomy support in mandatory physical education on their intention and actual enrollment in elective physical education. Participants included 545 ninth-grade students enrolled in three suburban high schools in a major midwestern metropolitan…
Descriptors: Personal Autonomy, Physical Education, Elective Courses, Enrollment Influences
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Shen, Bo; McCaughtry, Nate; Martin, Jeffrey; Fahlman, Mariane – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2009
This study applied self-determination theory to investigate the effects of students' autonomous motivation and their perceptions of teacher autonomy support on need satisfaction adjustment, learning achievement, and cardiorespiratory fitness over a 4-month personal conditioning unit. Participants were 253 urban adolescents (121 girls and 132 boys,…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Self Determination, Learning Motivation, Teaching Methods
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Sun, Haichun; Chen, Ang; Ennis, Catherine; Martin, Robert; Shen, Bo – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2008
It has been demonstrated that situational interest in physical activity may derive from five dimensional sources, Novelty, Optimal Challenge, Attention Demand, Exploration Intent, and Instant Enjoyment. The purpose of this study was to examine the multidimensional sources in elementary school physical education. The five dimensions were measured…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Physical Activities, Factor Analysis, Elementary School Students
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Shen, Bo; McCaughtry, Nate; Martin, Jeffrey – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2008
With the assumption that domain specificity would significantly influence students' motivation, our study was designed to investigate between- and within-domain relations of task value, perceived autonomy and competence, and achievement goal orientations across physical education and mathematics. Urban adolescents (N = 273, ages 12-14 years)…
Descriptors: Student Motivation, Questionnaires, Urban Youth, Academic Education
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Shen, Bo; McCaughtry, Nate; Martin, Jeffrey – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2007
Using a multitheory approach, this study was designed to investigate the influence of urban adolescents' perceived autonomy and competence in physical education on their physical activity intentions and behaviors during leisure time. A transcontextual model was hypothesized and tested. Urban adolescents (N = 653, ages 11-15 years) completed…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Leisure Time, Structural Equation Models, Questionnaires
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McCaughtry, Nate; Barnard, Sara; Martin, Jeffrey; Shen, Bo; Kulinna, Pamela Hodges – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2006
The purpose of this study was to analyze how the challenges of urban schools influence physical education teachers' emotional understanding and connections with their students and the implications on their teaching. Sixty-one elementary physical educators from an urban school district in the midwestern U.S. were interviewed multiple times (N =…
Descriptors: Urban Schools, Physical Education, Urban Teaching, Physical Education Teachers
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Shen, Bo; McCaughtry, Nate; Martin, Jeffrey; Dillion, Suzanna – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2006
While seductive details are enjoyable, they are unimportant content or activities intentionally inserted to make class fun and interesting. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of seductive details on students' learning of net games in physical education. Participants were 240 middle school students. A videotaped lesson example…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Motivation Techniques, Recall (Psychology), Teaching Methods