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Bunn, Jennifer; Schuitema, Summer; Zhang, Sidong; Mayhew, Jerry – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: To evaluate the relationship between years of collegiate playing experience and success of NCAA Division I volleyball programs. Methods: Data were gathered from the 2010-2015 seasons for each volleyball program in the "power five" conferences. Players that were involved in at least 66% of the sets were selected for analysis.…
Descriptors: Team Sports, College Athletics, Athletes, Scores
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Griffiths, Brad; Grant, James; Langdown, Louis; Gentil, Paulo; Fisher, James; Steele, James – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: Resistance training is often performed in a traditional training style using deliberate relatively longer repetition durations or in an explosive training style using maximal intended velocities and relatively shorter repetition durations. Both improve strength, "power" (impulsivity), and speed. This study compared explosive and…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Athletes, Exercise, Muscular Strength
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Keatlholetswe, Lesika; Malete, Leapetswe – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
The coaching competency research has demonstrated the role of coaching efficacy and coaching behaviors on various athlete outcomes. However, athlete perceptions of these relationships and how they affect performance are less understood. Purpose: This study examined if coaching efficacy is predictive of player perceptions of coaches' leadership…
Descriptors: Leadership Styles, Coaching (Performance), Athletes, Team Sports
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Gomes, A. Rui; Gonçalves, A. Manuela; Dias, Olga; Morais, Catarina – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: This study tested two hypotheses relating young athletes' sports motivations to parental behaviors and cognitive appraisal: (1) young athletes' motivation in sports is related to their parents' behavior; and (2) this relationship is mediated by cognitive appraisal, even after controlling for competitive level and sports records. Method:…
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Athletics, Team Sports, Competition
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Campo, Mickaël; Champely, Stéphane; Louvet, Benoît; Rosnet, Elisabeth; Ferrand, Claude; Pauketat, Janet V. T.; Mackie, Diane M. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: In team sports, players have to manage personal interests and group goals, emphasizing intricacies between personal and social identities. The focus of this article was to examine the effect of identity mechanisms on appraisal processes, based on the following research question: Does the level of self-abstraction (low [personal identity]…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Athletes, Group Dynamics, Self Concept
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Araújo, Jaqueline A.; Queiroz, Marilene G.; Dias, André R. L.; Sousa, Laila C. J. L.; Arsa, Gisela; Cambri, Lucieli T. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: To evaluate whether excess body mass influences the heart rate variability (HRV) indexes at rest, and to correlate adiposity indicators and the aerobic fitness with cardiac autonomic variables in metabolically healthy young adults. Method: In all, 41 untrained males (M[subscript age] = 21.80, SD = 2.14 years), 14 normal weight…
Descriptors: Obesity, Physical Health, Metabolism, Males
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Bolger, Linda A.; Bolger, Lisa E.; O'Neill, Cian; Coughlan, Edward; Lacey, Seán; O'Brien, Wesley; Burns, Con – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between fundamental movement skills (FMS) and markers of health among a cohort of Irish primary school children. Methods: Participants (N = 296, mean age: 7.99 ± 2.02 years) were senior infant (n = 149, mean age: 6.02 ± 0.39 years) and 4th class (n = 147, mean age: 9.97 ± 0.40 years)…
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Physical Activities, Physical Fitness, Correlation
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Rieping, Taís; Furtado, Guilherme Eustáquio; Letieri, Rubens Vinícius; Chupel, Matheus Uba; Colado, Juan C.; Hogervorst, Eef; Filaire, Edith; Teixeira, Ana Maria Miranda Botelho; Ferreira, José Pedro – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: The aim of this study was to test the effects of chair-based exercise programs on salivary stress hormones, physical fitness, and functional autonomy of institutionalized older women. Method: In total, 47 participants (80 ± 8.04 years old) were recruited and allocated into three groups: chair-based aerobic exercises (CAE, n = 19),…
Descriptors: Older Adults, Females, Exercise, Biomechanics
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Reichert, Thaís; Bagatini, Natália Carvalho; Simmer, Nicole Monticelli; Meinerz, Andressa Pellegrini; Barroso, Bruna Machado; Prado, Alexandre Konig Garcia; Delevatti, Rodrigo Sudatti; Costa, Rochelle Rocha; Kanitz, Ana Carolina; Kruel, Luiz Fernando Martins – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: To compare the effects of three water-based resistance trainings on neuromuscular parameters of older women. Method: Thirty-six women were randomized to groups: simple set of 30 seconds (1 × 30 s, 66.41 ± 4.71 years, n = 12), multiple sets of 10 seconds (3 × 10 s, 66.50 ± 4.74 years, n = 11), and simple set of 10 seconds (1 × 10 s,…
Descriptors: Exercise, Water, Muscular Strength, Older Adults
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Raimundo, João A. G.; Turnes, Tiago; de Aguiar, Rafael A.; Lisbôa, Felipe D.; Loch, Thiago; Ribeiro, Guilherme; Caputo, Fabrizio – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: Metabolic perturbation and VO[subscript 2] on-kinetics are potential modifiers of fatigue and vary in importance depending on the exercise task. Thus, performance fatigability during high-intensity exercise seems to be exercise mode dependent, affecting tolerance in the severe domain. However, the effects of exercise mode on severe domain…
Descriptors: Exercise, Comparative Analysis, Physical Activities, Testing
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Limpens, Vera; Buszard, Tim; Shoemaker, Emma; Savelsbergh, Geert J. P.; Reid, Machar – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: The net height in tennis (0.91 m) is approximately 50% of a professional tennis player's height. Children are also expected to play with this net height, even though it is approximately 70% of the average 10-year-old's height. This study examined the immediate effect of lowering net height on the performance characteristics of skilled…
Descriptors: Racquet Sports, Foreign Countries, Talent Development, Psychomotor Skills
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Pizzera, Alexandra; Möller, Carsten; Plessner, Henning – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Gymnastics judges and former gymnasts have been shown to be quite accurate in detecting errors and accurately judging performance. Purpose: The purpose of the current study was to examine if this superior judging performance is reflected in judges' gaze behavior. Method: Thirty-five judges were asked to judge 21 gymnasts who performed a skill on…
Descriptors: Athletics, Judges, Eye Movements, Comparative Analysis
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Easley, Elizabeth A.; Black, W. Scott; Bailey, Alison L.; Lennie, Terry A.; Sims, Wilma J.; Clasey, Jody L. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine differences in heart rate recovery (HRRec) and oxygen consumption recovery (VO2 recovery) between young healthy-weight children and children with obesity following a maximal volitional graded exercise test (GXTmax). Method: Twenty healthy-weight children and 13 children with obesity completed body…
Descriptors: Children, Obesity, Body Composition, Physical Activities
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Borszcz, Fernando K.; Tramontin, Artur F.; de Souza, Kristopher M.; Carminatti, Lorival J.; Costa, Vitor P. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: Several studies have demonstrated that physiological variables predict cycling endurance performance. However, it is still unclear whether the predictors will change over different performance durations. The aim of this study was to assess the correlations between physiological variables and cycling time trials with different durations.…
Descriptors: Exercise Physiology, Physical Activities, Correlation, Performance
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Lindsay, Keston G.; Nichols, David L.; Davis, Ronald W.; Marshall, David D. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: This study explored the effect of whole-body vibration (WBV) using accelerations of 2.56 "g" to 7.68 "g" on lower-body detraining. Methods: All participants (N = 20) were trained using a lower-body resistance-training program for 30 min twice per week from Week 0 to Week 6. At the end of the program, they were randomly…
Descriptors: College Students, Females, Human Body, Exercise
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