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Limpens, Vera; Buszard, Tim; Shoemaker, Emma; Savelsbergh, Geert J. P.; Reid, Machar – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: The net height in tennis (0.91 m) is approximately 50% of a professional tennis player's height. Children are also expected to play with this net height, even though it is approximately 70% of the average 10-year-old's height. This study examined the immediate effect of lowering net height on the performance characteristics of skilled…
Descriptors: Racquet Sports, Foreign Countries, Talent Development, Psychomotor Skills
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Pizzera, Alexandra; Möller, Carsten; Plessner, Henning – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Gymnastics judges and former gymnasts have been shown to be quite accurate in detecting errors and accurately judging performance. Purpose: The purpose of the current study was to examine if this superior judging performance is reflected in judges' gaze behavior. Method: Thirty-five judges were asked to judge 21 gymnasts who performed a skill on…
Descriptors: Athletics, Judges, Eye Movements, Comparative Analysis
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Easley, Elizabeth A.; Black, W. Scott; Bailey, Alison L.; Lennie, Terry A.; Sims, Wilma J.; Clasey, Jody L. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine differences in heart rate recovery (HRRec) and oxygen consumption recovery (VO2 recovery) between young healthy-weight children and children with obesity following a maximal volitional graded exercise test (GXTmax). Method: Twenty healthy-weight children and 13 children with obesity completed body…
Descriptors: Children, Obesity, Body Composition, Physical Activities
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Borszcz, Fernando K.; Tramontin, Artur F.; de Souza, Kristopher M.; Carminatti, Lorival J.; Costa, Vitor P. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: Several studies have demonstrated that physiological variables predict cycling endurance performance. However, it is still unclear whether the predictors will change over different performance durations. The aim of this study was to assess the correlations between physiological variables and cycling time trials with different durations.…
Descriptors: Exercise Physiology, Physical Activities, Correlation, Performance
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Lindsay, Keston G.; Nichols, David L.; Davis, Ronald W.; Marshall, David D. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: This study explored the effect of whole-body vibration (WBV) using accelerations of 2.56 "g" to 7.68 "g" on lower-body detraining. Methods: All participants (N = 20) were trained using a lower-body resistance-training program for 30 min twice per week from Week 0 to Week 6. At the end of the program, they were randomly…
Descriptors: College Students, Females, Human Body, Exercise
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Farias, Cláudio; Mesquita, Isabel; Hastie, Peter A.; O'Donovan, Toni – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to provide an integrated analysis of a teacher's peer-teaching mediation strategies, the student-coaches' instruction, and the students' gameplay development across 3 consecutive seasons of sport education. Method: Twenty-six 7th-grade students participated in 3 consecutive sport education seasons of invasion…
Descriptors: Action Research, Peer Teaching, Athletics, Games
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Vera, Jesús; Jiménez, Raimundo; García, José Antonio; Perales, José Cesar; Cárdenas, David – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: The purposes of this study were to (a) investigate the effect of physical effort (cycling for 60 min at 60 ± 5% of individually computed reserve heart-rate capacity), combined with 2 different levels of cognitive demand (2-back, oddball), on intraocular pressure (IOP) and subjective judgments of perceived exertion (ratings of perceived…
Descriptors: Exercise, Physical Fitness, Tests, College Students
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Kern, Ben D.; Graber, Kim C. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Physical education is critical to addressing childhood obesity, yet many school-based programs do not meet established quality standards and teachers are called upon to change. Little is known about how change is initiated and its associated internal and external factors. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate physical education…
Descriptors: Physical Education Teachers, National Surveys, Physical Education, Educational Quality
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Ensign, Julene; Mays Woods, Amelia; Kulinna, Pamela Hodges – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: Given the significant challenges facing today's physical educators, the purpose of this study was to examine the expectations of induction teachers and identify the factors in both their personal and organizational environments enhanced or constrained their assimilation into the field during their 1st year. Method: Using occupational…
Descriptors: Physical Education Teachers, Beginning Teachers, Teacher Surveys, Interviews
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Santos, Sara; Coutinho, Diogo; Gonçalves, Bruno; Schöllhorn, Wolfgang; Sampaio, Jaime; Leite, Nuno – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify the effects of a differential-learning program, embedded in small-sided games, on the creative and tactical behavior of youth soccer players. Forty players from under-13 (U13) and under-15 (U15) were allocated into control and experimental groups and were tested using a randomized pretest to posttest…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Teaching Methods, Randomized Controlled Trials, Comparative Analysis
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Fox, Jordan L.; Stanton, Robert; Scanlan, Aaron T. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to quantify and compare training and competition demands in basketball. Methods: Fifteen semiprofessional male basketball players wore microsensors during physical conditioning training (PCT), games-based training (GBT), and competition to measure absolute and relative (·min[superscript -1]) PlayerLoad™ (PL)…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Males, Athletes, Measurement Equipment
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Canabrava, Karina L. R.; Faria, Fernanda R.; de Lima, Jorge R. P.; Guedes, Dartagnan P.; Amorim, Paulo R. S. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: This study aimed to compare the energy expenditure and intensity of active video games to that of treadmill walking in children and adolescents. Method: Seventy-two boys and girls (aged 8-13 years) were recruited from local public schools. Energy expenditure and heart rate were measured during rest, during 3-km/hr, 4-km/hr, and 5-km/hr…
Descriptors: Children, Early Adolescents, Energy, Physical Activity Level
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Robinson, Leah E.; Palmer, Kara K.; Webster, E. Kipling; Logan, Samuel W.; Chinn, Katherine M. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: This feasibility study compared the effects of 2 movement programs, traditional and mastery climate (i.e., the Children's Health Activity Motor Program [CHAMP]), on lesson context and children's physical activity (PA) levels. A secondary aim was to examine sex differences in PA levels in both programs. Method: Seventy-two preschoolers…
Descriptors: Feasibility Studies, Exercise, Teaching Methods, Physical Activity Level
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Green, Michael S.; Benson, Amanda K.; Martin, Tyler D. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: This study investigated the physiological effects of wearing a mouthguard during submaximal treadmill exercise. Method: Twenty-four recreationally active males (M[subscript age] = 21.3 ± 2.4 years, M[subscript height] = 1.78 ± 0.06 m, M[subscript weight] = 81.9 ± 10.6 kg, M[subscript body mass index] = 25.8 ± 3.4 kg·m[superscript -2])…
Descriptors: Males, Exercise Physiology, Late Adolescents, Young Adults
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Ludyga, Sebastian; Gerber, Markus; Brand, Serge; Pühse, Uwe; Colledge, Flora – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: Acute benefits of aerobic exercise on executive functioning have been reported frequently under laboratory conditions. However, to date, a beneficial effect on long-term memory has been less well supported and no data are available regarding nonlaboratory conditions in young adults. The aim of the current study was to investigate acute…
Descriptors: Exercise, Executive Function, Cognitive Processes, Long Term Memory
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