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Mala, Jesse; Corral, Michael D.; McGarry, Jennifer E.; Macauley, Charles D. T.; Arinze, Nneka A.; Ebron, Kolin – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2022
A positive school climate is strongly associated with enhanced student outcomes. With the disengagement of Black and Latinx youth living in poverty being at an all-time high, participation in sport-based youth development (SBYD) programs may enhance school climate, while capitalizing on existing interests. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to…
Descriptors: Educational Environment, Males, African American Students, Hispanic American Students
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McKay, Brad; Ste-Marie, Diane M. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2022
Purpose: The Optimizing Performance Through Motivation and Attention for Learning (OPTIMAL) theory predicts that providing learners with choices during skill acquisition will enhance their acquisition performance, motor learning, and expectancies. Based on this theory, it is recommended that instructors ask learners to choose which tasks to…
Descriptors: Personal Autonomy, Teaching Methods, Psychomotor Skills, Motor Development
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Dorsch, Travis E.; Smith, Alan L.; Blazo, Jordan A.; Coakley, Jay; Côté, Jean; Wagstaff, Christopher R. D.; Warner, Stacy; King, Michael Q. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2022
The aim of the present article is to outline a heuristic model that facilitates movement toward an integrated understanding of the youth sport system. We define the youth sport system as the set of interdependent persons and contexts that influence and are influenced by an athlete in youth sport. Our model builds directly from a systems…
Descriptors: Youth Programs, Athletics, Family Influence, Family Role
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O'Sullivan, Mary – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2021
This McCloy Lecture sheds light on the "hidden profession" of Physical Education Teacher Educators (PETEs) by sharing my perspectives on the challenges and opportunities faced by PETE scholars and teachers globally. I begin with an overview of my biography and how it has influenced my thinking about PETE. I present some scholarly…
Descriptors: Physical Education Teachers, Teacher Educators, Teacher Education Programs, Influences
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McNamara, Scott W. T.; Colombo-Dougovito, Andrew M.; Weiner, Brad; Ahrens, Christopher – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2021
Purpose: Educational research often provides insight into the potential best practices to use within the classroom setting. Yet, limited information is available on teachers' perspectives toward research in the field of adapted physical education (APE). The current study examined adapted physical educators' perceptions toward research. Method:…
Descriptors: Adapted Physical Education, Physical Education Teachers, Educational Research, Teacher Researchers
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Izquierdo-Renau, Marta; Queralt, Ana; Encarnación-Martínez, Alberto; Perez-Soriano, Pedro – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2021
Purpose: In recent years a sub-group of minimalist runners have emerged who aim to perform physical exercise more naturally in an attempt to reduce running-related injuries. Here we aimed to determine the effect that running with minimalist footwear in a prolonged run has on foot-impact accelerations. Method: Seventeen runners ran with minimalist…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Clothing, Injuries, Prevention
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Geard, David; Rebar, Amanda L.; Dionigi, Rylee A.; Reaburn, Peter R. J. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2021
Purpose: To test confirmatory factor analyses of successful aging composed of physical, psychological, cognitive, and social functioning factors in masters athletes (n = 764) and non-sporting adults (n = 404), and compare the physical, psychological, cognitive, and social functioning of masters athletes versus non-sporting adults. Method:…
Descriptors: Athletes, Aging (Individuals), Adults, Physical Health
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Honorato, Renêe de Caldas; Franchini, Emerson; Lara, Jerusa Petrovna Resende; Fonteles, André Igor; Pinto, Julio Cesar Barbosa de Lima; Mortatti, Arnaldo Luis – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2021
Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare strength-endurance handgrip performance and muscle coactivation between judo athletes and untrained young males. Method: The sample was 38 judo athletes and 38 untrained young males, between 12 and 15 years-old. Maturational status was evaluated by age at peak height velocity. A maximal isometric…
Descriptors: Athletics, Athletes, Muscular Strength, Males
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Benes, Sarah; Boyd, Kelly M.; Cucina, Irene; Alperin, Holly L. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2021
SHAPE America has identified four goals as part of the "50 Million Strong by 2029" initiative; one of these goals is healthy behavior. School-based health education is uniquely positioned to be a primary route through which this goal can be achieved. Health education is an academic subject included in a well-rounded education, based on…
Descriptors: Health Education, Educational Research, Research Needs, Elementary Secondary Education
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Filanowski, Patrick M.; Iannotti, Ronald J.; Camhi, Sarah M.; Whiteley, Jessica A.; Milliken, Laurie A. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2021
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare objectively-measured physical activity (PA) and enjoyment of five shared PAs in parent-child dyads. Method: Thirty-one parent-child dyads (mean±SD; age, parents: 38.0 ± 6.6 years, children: 5.9 ± 1.7 years) completed separate PA sessions, which included five standardized PAs (brisk walking, jumping…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Parent Child Relationship, Young Children, Exercise
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Weigelt, Matthias; Memmert, Daniel – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2021
Purpose: The purpose was (1) to test a new version of a mental rotation task (MRT), which assesses mental rotation abilities of men and women for sport-specific items, and (2) to investigate potential differences in MRT performance, which are based on athletic expertise. Methods: Eighty-eight basketball experts (42 females) and 123 novices (64…
Descriptors: Athletes, Team Sports, Spatial Ability, Visualization
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Monfared, Shamsi Sanati; Lebeau, Jean-Charles; Mason, Justin; Cho, Seong Kwan; Basevitch, Itay; Perry, Inbal; Baur, Daniel Alan; Tenenbaum, Gershon – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2021
Purpose: Changes in biophysiological markers related to perceived burnout and self-comfort were tested in this study. Method: Forty-two student-athletes from middle and high school grades were evaluated for burnout, salivary cortisol levels, measures of arousal-related physiological markers (i.e., blood volume pulse; BVP), galvanic skin response…
Descriptors: Athletes, Burnout, Physiology, Middle School Students
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Bores-García, Daniel; Hortigüela-Alcalá, David; Fernandez-Rio, Francisco Javier; González-Calvo, Gustavo; Barba-Martín, Raúl – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2021
Purpose: A systematic review of the research conducted on Cooperative Learning in Physical Education in the last 5 years (2014-2019). Method: Seven databases were used to select those articles that included information on the implementation of Cooperative Learning in the different educational stages. After the exclusion criteria, 15 articles were…
Descriptors: Cooperative Learning, Physical Education, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education
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Vincent, Grace E.; Onay, Zozan; Scanlan, Aaron T.; Elsworthy, Nathan; Pitchford, Nathan W.; Lastella, Michele – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2021
Objectives: While sleep research in athletes is extensive, no research has investigated sleep in sports officials during a competitive season. This study explored the (a) self-reported quantity and quality of sleep obtained by sports officials according to the time of competition (day or evening) and (b) impact of reduced sleep on perceived…
Descriptors: Sleep, Athletes, Competition, Decision Making
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Geard, David; Rebar, Amanda L.; Dionigi, Rylee A.; Rathbone, Evelyne; Reaburn, Peter – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2021
Purpose: To compare the effect of 12-weeks of cycling training and competition versus recreational cycling on successful aging across physical, psychological, cognitive, and social functioning domains in mid-aged adults. Methods: Recreational cyclists were randomly assigned to an intervention (n = 13, M age = 47.18 years) and comparison (n = 13, M…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Intervention, Training Methods, Competition
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