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Showing 1 to 15 of 57 results Save | Export
Chris Jellis – Research Matters, 2024
The Centre for Evaluation and Monitoring (CEM), based in the North of England, recently celebrated its 40th birthday. Arising from an evaluation project at Newcastle University, and a subsequent move to Durham University, it rapidly grew in scope and influence, developing a series of highly regarded school assessments. For a relatively small…
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Foreign Countries, Computer Assisted Testing, Adaptive Testing
Jude Brady; Martina Kuvalja; Alison Rodrigues; Sarah Hughes – Research Matters, 2024
This study explores undergraduate students' use of ChatGPT when writing essays. Three students were tasked with writing two essays each for a coursework component for a Cambridge qualification facilitated by access to ChatGPT. After writing the essays, they participated in semi-structured interviews about their experiences of using the technology.…
Descriptors: Artificial Intelligence, Technology Uses in Education, Undergraduate Students, Writing (Composition)
Xinyue Li – Research Matters, 2024
Extended reality (XR) -- encompassing virtual reality (VR), augmented reality (AR), and mixed reality (MR) -- emerges as a potential transformative tool in educational realms. This article explores the potential of XR in facilitating mathematics assessments; it proposes a list of mathematical topics that could be effectively mediated by XR's…
Descriptors: Computer Simulation, Educational Technology, Technology Uses in Education, Mathematics Instruction
Nicky Rushton; Dominika Majewska; Stuart Shaw – Research Matters, 2024
Curriculum mapping is a comparability method that facilitates comparisons of content within multiple settings (usually multiple jurisdictions or specifications) and enables claims to be made about those curriculums/jurisdictions. Although curriculum maps have been published, there is little academic literature about the process of constructing and…
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Mathematics Curriculum, Concept Mapping, Common Core State Standards
Emma Walland – Research Matters, 2024
GCSE examinations (taken by students aged 16 years in England) are not intended to be speeded (i.e. to be partly a test of how quickly students can answer questions). However, there has been little research exploring this. The aim of this research was to explore the speededness of past GCSE written examinations, using only the data from scored…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Test Items, Item Analysis, Scoring
Kreijkes, Pia; Johnson, Martin – Research Matters, 2023
In this paper we explore the concept of the middle tier in education systems, outlining how it is a crucial element that links high-level education policy to the practices that are carried out in schools. Reflecting on the similarities and differences in the profiles of the middle tiers of the four nations of the United Kingdom (UK), we observe…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Institutional Autonomy, Foreign Countries, Educational Policy
Suto, Irenka – Research Matters, 2023
In this article we present an evidence-based framework of five interacting areas of teacher insight into educational success. This holistic framework comprises: (i) cognitive skills and capabilities, (ii) cross-curricular knowledge, skills and understanding, (iii) subject domain knowledge, (iv) teaching and learning environment, and (v) personal…
Descriptors: Holistic Approach, Thinking Skills, Cognitive Ability, Interdisciplinary Approach
Leech, Tony – Research Matters, 2023
Assessment policy in England is often of public significance. Assessments, especially GCSEs, A levels and their vocational equivalents, have significant stakes for candidates and wider society (including for school accountability and for selection to higher education). Such assessments are frequently critiqued. There has been little major…
Descriptors: Evaluation, Educational Policy, Educational Change, Testing
Child, Simon; Shaw, Stuart – Research Matters, 2023
This article provides a conceptual framework for considering both the theoretical and methodological factors that underpin the successful validation of a competency framework. Drawing on educational assessment literature, this article argues that a valid competency framework relates to an interpretive judgement of the credibility of the claims…
Descriptors: Competence, Validity, Accuracy, Models
Rodeiro, Carmen Vidal; Macinska, Sylwia – Research Matters, 2023
Access arrangements are pre-exam arrangements that aim to remove any barriers that might prevent students with specific needs from accessing the assessment and demonstrating their knowledge and skills. Access arrangements are not intended to change the assessment demand or reduce its validity. Using a survey questionnaire, the present study…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Student Attitudes, Access to Education, High Stakes Tests
Vitello, Sylvia; Crisp, Victoria; Ireland, Jo – Research Matters, 2023
Assessment materials must be checked for errors before they are presented to candidates. Any errors have the potential to reduce validity. For example, in the most extreme cases, an error may turn an otherwise well-designed exam question into one that is impossible to answer. In Cambridge University Press & Assessment, assessment materials are…
Descriptors: Check Lists, Test Validity, Error Correction, Test Construction
Constantinou, Filio – Research Matters, 2023
'Synchronous hybrid teaching' (SHT), defined as the concurrent delivery of online and in-person teaching, is an instructional mode employed by many schools during the COVID-19 pandemic to minimise learning loss for students who had to self-isolate at home. Since then, there have been calls for SHT to be retained as an instructional strategy…
Descriptors: Synchronous Communication, Blended Learning, Teaching Methods, Curriculum Implementation
Gill, Tim – Research Matters, 2023
Secondary Checkpoint assessments are taken by students at the end of the Cambridge Lower Secondary programme (aged 14) in countries around the world. Many students continue with Cambridge after this and take IGCSE exams two years later. Given that there is a high level of coherence between the curricula in the two stages, performance in Secondary…
Descriptors: Student Evaluation, Secondary School Students, Achievement Tests, Predictive Validity
Rodeiro, Carmen Vidal; Williamson, Joanna – Research Matters, 2023
In England, GCSE (General Certificate of Secondary Education) qualifications offered to students aged 14-16 were recently reformed. For mathematics specifically, the new GCSE aimed to be more demanding, provide greater challenge for the most able students, and support progression to post-16 mathematics. However, there have been concerns that the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Exit Examinations, Secondary School Students, Mathematics Tests
Cooke, Gillian – Research Matters, 2023
Natural History has been part of our curriculum since 1858. Not as a single, continuous subject but embedded in many different subjects and qualifications. As OCR prepares to launch a GCSE in Natural History, this article draws on the historical resources of OCR and its predecessor the University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate to show…
Descriptors: Incidence, Relevance (Education), Educational History, Evaluation Methods
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