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Showing 1 to 15 of 86 results Save | Export
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Willis, Roxana – Research Ethics, 2019
Informed consent may be unobtainable in online contexts. This article examines the difficulties of obtaining informed consent online through a Facebook case study. It is proposed that there are at least two ways informed consent could be waived in research: first, if the data are public, and second, if the data are textual. Accordingly, the…
Descriptors: Ethnography, Social Science Research, Social Media, Informed Consent
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Spriggs, Merle; Gillam, Lynn – Research Ethics, 2019
Child co-research has become popular in social research involving children. This is attributed to the emphasis on children's rights and is seen as a way to promote children's agency and voice. It is a way of putting into practice the philosophy, common amongst childhood researchers, that children are experts on childhood. In this article, we…
Descriptors: Children, Participatory Research, Ethics, Researchers
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Giraud, Cécile; Cioffo, Giuseppe Davide; Kervyn de Lettenhove, Maïté; Ramirez Chaves, Carlos – Research Ethics, 2019
Ethics review committees have become a common institution in English-speaking research communities, and are now increasingly being adopted in a variety of research environments. In light of existing debates on the aptness of ethics review boards for assessing research work in the social sciences, this article investigates the ways in which…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Research Methodology, Ethics, Research Committees
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Holmes, Matthew James Vaughton; Morris, Isla-Kate; Williams, Anthony; Le Blond, Jennifer; Cranna, Victoria; Davey, Gail – Research Ethics, 2019
A global health archive consisting of podoconiosis tissue slides and blocks (which was collected and imported into the UK before the introduction of the Human Tissue Act), was donated to Brighton & Sussex Medical School in 2014. There is little guidance on the socioethical and legal issues surrounding the retrospective use of archived or…
Descriptors: Archives, Health, Ethics, Human Body
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Vuban, Joyce Afuh; Eta, Elizabeth Agbor – Research Ethics, 2019
This article argues that localizing access -- a general ethical principle -- is a workable strategy that can be used in approaching participants in qualitative research across disciplines and in coping with respective institutional practices in order to collect meaningful data. This article is based on the autobiographical, lived experiences of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Qualitative Research, Data Collection, Field Studies
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Curran, Dorothyann; Kekewich, Mike; Foreman, Thomas – Research Ethics, 2019
It is becoming widely recognized that dissemination of research results to participants is an important action for the conclusion of a research study. Most research institutions have standardized consent documents or templates that they require their researchers to use. Consent forms are an ideal place to indicate that results of research will be…
Descriptors: Information Dissemination, Records (Forms), Foreign Countries, Research
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Gelfand, Scott D. – Research Ethics, 2019
In this essay, I suggest that a slightly modified version of Freedman's formulation of the clinical equipoise requirement is justified. I begin this essay with a brief discussion of the equipoise requirement. In the second and third sections, I discuss several objections to the clinical equipoise requirement as well as two attempts to justify the…
Descriptors: Ethics, Medical Research, Physician Patient Relationship, Parent Child Relationship
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Antunes, Débora; Dhoest, Alexander – Research Ethics, 2019
This paper reflects on the three main ethical challenges we faced when conducting digital ethnography in three autism Brazilian communities on Facebook: how to position oneself as a researcher, how to deal with the identity of participants, and how to manage data when anonymity is not enforced. After careful consideration of these issues and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Autism, Researchers, Ethnography
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Cragoe, Nicholas G. – Research Ethics, 2019
In spite of many and varied concerns that the processes of institutional ethical review are flawed, cumbersome, and in need of reform, these processes do provide effective protection in certain situations for individual research subjects, researchers, and the institutions from which the researchers venture to conduct their fieldwork. Many in the…
Descriptors: Ethics, Social Science Research, Indigenous Populations, Disadvantaged
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Drimer-Batca, Daniel; Iaccarino, Jonathan M.; Fine, Alan – Research Ethics, 2019
In order to assess the status of retraction notices for publications involving research misconduct, we collected and analyzed information from the Office of Research Integrity website. This site lists confirmed instances of misconduct in research supported by the National Institutes of Health. Over a 10-year period, 200 publications derived from…
Descriptors: Biomedicine, Ethics, Research Problems, Publications
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Helgesson, Gert – Research Ethics, 2019
It has been debated for quite some time among bioethicists and others whether or not the distinction between therapy and research in healthcare can and should be maintained. This paper tries to clarify what the disagreement is about, and argues that the distinction can be maintained in most, if not all, situations. However, even if it can be…
Descriptors: Research, Therapy, Ethics, Safety
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Zschirnt, Eva – Research Ethics, 2019
Correspondence testing to research discrimination in the marketplace has become common and the use of internet applications has allowed researchers to send greater numbers of applications. While questions of research ethics always arise when planning a correspondence test, the issue receives relatively little attention in published correspondence…
Descriptors: Social Science Research, Research Methodology, Ethics, Testing
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Bülow, William; Helgesson, Gert – Research Ethics, 2019
In a recent paper published in this journal, we discussed a phenomenon that we referred to as 'hostage authorship'. By this we meant a practice where an undeserving person X is included as author on a research paper as the result of a hostage-like situation, where the researchers of the article cannot proceed with their work unless conditions…
Descriptors: Authors, Ethics, Research Reports, Writing for Publication
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Sadeghi, Ramin – Research Ethics, 2019
Almost all researchers are familiar with the concept of plagiarism these days. However, many scholars allege that plagiarism and its ethical ramifications are new western concepts that have not existed in scientific and literary history. In their opinion, using the ideas of others was allowed liberally in past academic and literary communities. I…
Descriptors: Plagiarism, Ethics, Definitions, Publications
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Rush, Amanda; Ling, Rod; Carpenter, Jane E.; Carter, Candace; Searles, Andrew; Byrne, Jennifer A. – Research Ethics, 2018
There are increasing concerns that research regulatory requirements exceed those required to manage risks, particularly for low- and negligible-risk research projects. In particular, inconsistent documentation requirements across research sites can delay the conduct of multi-site projects. For a one-year, negligible-risk project examining biobank…
Descriptors: Research, Risk Management, Research Projects, Time
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