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Guo, Lin – Reading Psychology, 2022
This study investigated whether task instruction affected comprehension of multiple conflicting-view texts after controlling for a number of individual difference variables and whether the effects of task instruction varied as a result of post-reading assessment tasks. Recruited from a First-Year Composition course, 64 participants received a task…
Descriptors: College Freshmen, Freshman Composition, Reading Instruction, Reading Comprehension
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Wright, Tanya S.; Cervetti, Gina N.; Wise, Crystal; McClung, Nicola A. – Reading Psychology, 2022
We explored whether knowledge building through read alouds of a conceptually coherent (CC) set of texts might support children's incidental acquisition of vocabulary in these texts and listening comprehension of related texts. Eleven classrooms of first (n = 83) and second grade students (n = 112) were randomly assigned to read alouds of either a…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Reading Aloud to Others, Incidental Learning, Grade 2
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Lee, Sungyoon; Woltering, Steven; Prickett, Christopher; Shi, Qinxin; Sun, Huilin; Thompson, Julie L. – Reading Psychology, 2022
The purpose of this study was to investigate the associations between elementary students' reading skills and their online reading (i.e., real-time reading) behaviors during silent sentence processing. Thirty-five students participated in this study and their eye movements were recorded during sentence reading tasks. The effects of students'…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Silent Reading, Eye Movements, Reading Skills
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Huo, Shuting; Zhang, Xiao – Reading Psychology, 2022
The present study validated the Preschool Reading Attitude Scale (PRAS) using a longitudinal sample of young Chinese children in Hong Kong (N = 197; age: mean [SD] = 52.38 [3.32] months at the first wave of assessment). Children were asked to rate their own attitudes toward reading in a Likert format with pictorial aids, and received individual…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Preschool Children, Reading Attitudes, Test Validity
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Griffin, Robert A.; Mindrila, Diana; Farran, Lama K. – Reading Psychology, 2022
Reading motivation may elucidate discrepancies in reading achievement among multilingual high school students whose first language is Spanish. Utilizing a person-centered approach to investigate underlying reading motivation profiles among N = 174 adolescent native Spanish speakers (NSS), analyses yielded three latent profiles of reading…
Descriptors: Reading Motivation, Spanish Speaking, Gender Differences, Self Concept
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Pasha-Zaidi, Nausheen; Hines, Valneshia; Afari, Ernest – Reading Psychology, 2022
Reading is a basic skill that is needed for academic success and employment opportunity. Aliteracy, or the lack of a reading habit, and lower motivation to read, are problems at the university level, especially among ethnically diverse adults. Reading self-efficacy is associated with reading comprehension, word reading, foreign language learning…
Descriptors: Hispanic Americans, African Americans, Ethnicity, Self Efficacy
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Simmons, McKenna; Clark, Sarah K.; Feinauer, Erika; Richardson, Michael – Reading Psychology, 2022
The purpose of this explanatory mixed methods study was to understand how 9th grade honors and general education language arts students made course enrollment decisions through the lens of the Expectancy-Value (E-V) theory. A survey was administered to 9th grade students (N = 118) attending a public high school with the overall mean score…
Descriptors: Reading Motivation, Grade 9, Expectation, Value Judgment
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Scott, Deborah Beth; Dreher, Mariam Jean – Reading Psychology, 2022
As students proceed through school, they are expected to comprehend complex texts but may not have the necessary competencies to do so. This study examined the impact of teaching text organization of lengthy social studies textbook passages on student comprehension of the content contained there. Over a 10-week period, 205 sixth-grade students…
Descriptors: Textbook Content, Grade 6, Social Studies, Comprehension
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Alkhateeb, Haitham M.; Abushihab, Eiman F.; Alkhateeb, Rasha H.; Alkhateeb, Bataul H. – Reading Psychology, 2021
This study assessed the metacognitive awareness of reading strategies of undergraduate university students in US and Qatar in reading academic materials. To achieve this, the participants were administered the Metacognitive Awareness of Reading Strategies Inventory (MARSI). The inventory consists of three groups of reading strategies, namely…
Descriptors: Reading Strategies, Undergraduate Students, Cross Cultural Studies, Metacognition
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Alfarwan, Salah – Reading Psychology, 2021
This research addressed some current issues in L2 reading strategy research (the nature of any gender effect, and the use of multiple data gathering instruments) as well as an important problem at tertiary level in Saudi Arabia (low English reading proficiency). It examined which reading strategies were most widely reported by 120 Saudi EFL…
Descriptors: College Students, Foreign Countries, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
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Mann, Mana; Silver, Ellen J.; Stein, Ruth E. K. – Reading Psychology, 2021
Background: Few studies have examined associations of public library use and shared book reading to kindergarten children's academic skills. Methods: The study sample consisted of 13,385 kindergarten students enrolled in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010-2011 (ECLS-K: 2011). Parents reported on public library use…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Preschool Children, Academic Achievement, Public Libraries
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Follmer, D. Jake; Li, Ping; Clariana, Roy – Reading Psychology, 2021
In this investigation, we examine the contribution of intrinsic content density (ICD) to measures of expository text processing. In Studies 1 and 2, the factor structure of select text density metrics was examined and refined using two text samples (Ns = 150) randomly selected from an expository text corpus. Scores on the ICD measure based on the…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Expository Writing, Factor Structure, Readability
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Manyak, Patrick C.; Manyak, Ann-Margaret – Reading Psychology, 2021
Although research provides ample evidence of teaching methods that facilitate students' learning of specific word meanings, the potential of instruction to impact students' general vocabulary knowledge has remained an unanswered question. This article reports on a three-year formative experiment that developed, implemented, and tested a long-term,…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Grade 3, Formative Evaluation, Program Development
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Liebfreund, Meghan D. – Reading Psychology, 2021
The present study employed regression analyses to examine the influence of cognitive competencies (decoding ability, vocabulary knowledge, prior knowledge) and intrinsic motivation (curiosity and involvement) on the comprehension of narrative and informational texts. Participants included 104 students in grades four and five. Results showed…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Predictor Variables, Decoding (Reading), Vocabulary
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Margolin, Sara J.; Brackins, Timothy – Reading Psychology, 2021
Previous research has demonstrated that negated text (i.e., text that contains words such as "no," "not," or "never") presents considerable challenges to accurate reading comprehension. Furthermore, while metacomprehension judgements have indicated an awareness of this challenge on the readers' part, this insight has…
Descriptors: Reader Text Relationship, Reading Comprehension, Reading Materials, Psychological Patterns
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