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Manyak, Patrick C.; Manyak, Ann-Margaret – Reading Psychology, 2021
Although research provides ample evidence of teaching methods that facilitate students' learning of specific word meanings, the potential of instruction to impact students' general vocabulary knowledge has remained an unanswered question. This article reports on a three-year formative experiment that developed, implemented, and tested a long-term,…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Grade 3, Formative Evaluation, Program Development
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Liebfreund, Meghan D. – Reading Psychology, 2021
The present study employed regression analyses to examine the influence of cognitive competencies (decoding ability, vocabulary knowledge, prior knowledge) and intrinsic motivation (curiosity and involvement) on the comprehension of narrative and informational texts. Participants included 104 students in grades four and five. Results showed…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Predictor Variables, Decoding (Reading), Vocabulary
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Margolin, Sara J.; Brackins, Timothy – Reading Psychology, 2021
Previous research has demonstrated that negated text (i.e., text that contains words such as "no," "not," or "never") presents considerable challenges to accurate reading comprehension. Furthermore, while metacomprehension judgements have indicated an awareness of this challenge on the readers' part, this insight has…
Descriptors: Reader Text Relationship, Reading Comprehension, Reading Materials, Psychological Patterns
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Briceño, Allison – Reading Psychology, 2021
This study integrated reading and bilingual theories to examine the reading behaviors of second grade Latinx students in a Dual Language program. It explored how the students' differing language backgrounds (simultaneous bilinguals and sequential bilinguals who had developed Spanish as a home language) might influence their early reading…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Grade 2, Elementary School Students, Bilingual Education Programs
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D'Agostino, Jerome V.; Rodgers, Emily; Winkler, Christa; Johnson, Tracy; Berenbon, Rebecca – Reading Psychology, 2021
Running Records provide a standardized method for recording and assessing students' oral reading behaviors and are excellent formative assessment tools to guide instructional decision-making. This study expands on prior Running Record reliability work by evaluating the extent to which external raters and teachers consistently assessed students'…
Descriptors: Accuracy, Oral Reading, Generalizability Theory, Error Correction
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Madison, Erin M.; Fulton, Erika Kathleen; Huber, Becca N. – Reading Psychology, 2021
Perceptions of reading comprehension and knowledge of strategy, called generalized metacomprehension (GM), can influence study habits and metacognition accuracy, ultimately influencing academic success. One factor that may influence GM is personality. Personality likely relates to GM, as it is correlated with other types of cognitive and…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Personality Traits, Correlation, Self Concept
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Kotzer, Maddie; Kirby, John R.; Heggie, Lindsay – Reading Psychology, 2021
We investigated the contribution of morphological awareness to university students' reading comprehension ability. Although there is considerable evidence that morphological awareness contributes to children's reading ability, there is much less evidence concerning adults; the few studies of adults have not controlled other known predictors of…
Descriptors: Morphology (Languages), Metalinguistics, Reading Comprehension, Predictor Variables
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Kessler, Erica D.; Braasch, Jason L. G.; Kardash, CarolAnne M. – Reading Psychology, 2021
The current work was conducted to better understand the influences of source presence and individual differences on evaluating and sharing information from multiple conflicting Internet texts about childhood vaccinations. The results indicate that college student readers appeared to be insensitive to a source availability manipulation. However,…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Internet, Computer Mediated Communication, Immunization Programs
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Maguet, McKenna Louise; Morrison, Timothy G.; Wilcox, Brad; Billen, Monica T. – Reading Psychology, 2021
Reading comprehension is the goal of reading, and making inferences is vital. Authors usually expect readers to make multiple types of inferences, including anaphoric, background knowledge, predictive, and retrospective. Common core assessments include all of these, yet instructional materials focus mostly on only one type, retrospective. This…
Descriptors: Children, Reading Comprehension, Reading Instruction, Instructional Effectiveness
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Hassanein, Elsayed E. A.; Johnson, Evelyn S.; Alshaboul, Yousef; Ibrahim, Sayed; Megreya, Ahmed; Al-Hendawi, Maha; Al-Attiyah, Asma – Reading Psychology, 2021
In recent years, stronger literacy development has emerged as a critically important issue in Arabic speaking nations. Results of international assessments indicate that most of the participating Arab countries are near the bottom of achievement levels. Additionally, recent studies indicate the prevalence rate of reading disability ranges from…
Descriptors: Semitic Languages, Literacy Education, Reading Difficulties, Emergent Literacy
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Smith, Reid; Snow, Pamela; Serry, Tanya; Hammond, Lorraine – Reading Psychology, 2021
A critical review was conducted to determine the influence background knowledge has on the reading comprehension of primary school-aged children. We identified twenty-three studies that met our criteria and focused on the links between background knowledge and reading comprehension of children in the mid to late primary years. Review findings…
Descriptors: Knowledge Level, Prior Learning, Reading Comprehension, Elementary School Students
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Bergman Deitcher, Deborah; Aram, Dorit; Itzkovich, Inbar – Reading Psychology, 2021
The study examined aspects of parent-child shared reading interactions of two Hebrew alphabet books, children's motivation to engage in early literacy activities, and how these variables relate to children's early literacy skills. Participants were 44 children (32 girls, 12 boys) aged 4.6 to 6.6 years (M = 5.6, SD = 0.54) and one parent (42…
Descriptors: Reading Strategies, Emergent Literacy, Reading Skills, Semitic Languages
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Gonzales, Wendy; Tejero Hughes, Marie – Reading Psychology, 2021
Over 11 million students enter school speaking a language other than English. Due to their emerging English proficiency, many English Learners (ELs) struggle with English literacy, which impacts their overall achievement in school. However, there is evidence that ELs who have solid skills in their native language are able to apply their…
Descriptors: Spanish, Literacy Education, Outcomes of Education, English Language Learners
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Okkinga, M.; van Gelderen, A. J. S.; van Schooten, E.; van Steensel, R.; Sleegers, P. J. C. – Reading Psychology, 2021
Low-achieving adolescents are known to have difficulties with reading comprehension. This article discusses whether principles of reciprocal teaching can improve low-achieving adolescents' reading comprehension in whole-classroom settings and to what extent treatment effects are dependent on implementation quality. Over the course of two years,…
Descriptors: Reciprocal Teaching, Low Achievement, Adolescents, Grade 7
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Wyatt, Mark; Midraj, Jessica; Ayish, Nader; Bradley, Curtis; Balfaqeeh, Muna – Reading Psychology, 2021
There is a worldwide concern about science and engineering undergraduate students, particularly those who are English language learners, struggling with their entry-level content courses. From a teacher cognition perspective and drawing on semi-structured interviews with chemistry, mathematics and physics teachers at a university in the Middle…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Science Teachers, Mathematics Teachers, Chemistry
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