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McQuillan, Jeff; Ediger, Warren – Reading Matrix: An International Online Journal, 2018
There is considerable evidence that incidental vocabulary acquisition through reading accounts for a large portion of the growth in word knowledge for both first (L1) and second (L2) language acquirers. In this paper, we evaluate the Markov Estimate of Semantic Association (MESA) technique for detecting small, incremental gains in vocabulary…
Descriptors: Markov Processes, Vocabulary Development, Incidental Learning, Native Language
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Mehrpour, Saeed; Mansourzadeh, Nurullah – Reading Matrix: An International Online Journal, 2017
Idiomatic expressions are among the most difficult and challenging aspects in the realm of lexicon. The focus of the present study was on investigating the effect of short stories and pictures on learning idiomatic expressions by beginner EFL learners. For this aim, 52 Iranian EFL learners were chosen and assigned to three groups randomly: two…
Descriptors: Figurative Language, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Tabata-Sandom, Mitsue – Reading Matrix: An International Online Journal, 2016
There is a lack of research which examines the effects of online pop-up dictionaries in the context of less commonly taught languages including Japanese as a second and foreign language (JSL and JFL), despite the growing popularity of such tools. This qualitatively-oriented study is an attempt to fill this void. The study investigates differences…
Descriptors: Japanese, Second Language Learning, Reading Processes, Qualitative Research
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Tajeddin, Zia; Tabatabaei, Soudabeh – Reading Matrix: An International Online Journal, 2016
Concept maps reflect the linkage of concepts or facts within a text. This study was set out to investigate whether concept mapping as a learning strategy would have any scaffolding effect on the reading comprehension and recall of propositions by L2 learners. Out of 60 high school students, 30 in the experimental group were exposed to concept…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Reading Strategies, Recall (Psychology), Reading Tests
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Ghahari, Shima; Heidarolad, Meissam – Reading Matrix: An International Online Journal, 2015
Provision of multiple-choice (MC) glosses, which combines the advantages of glosses and inferring, has recently gained its share of supporters as a potential technique for enhancing L2 texts and increasing word gain for L2 learners. Upon taking an actual TOEFL, the participants underwent a vocabulary pretest to ensure that the target words were…
Descriptors: Incidental Learning, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Vocabulary Development
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Marefat, Hamideh; Shirazi, Masoumeh Ahmadi – Reading Matrix: An International Online Journal, 2014
This study concerns the effect of letter position on the retention of words by EFL learners. Given the fact that everyone has a mental lexicon, we would suggest that words are possibly organized in alphabetical order, then it would be likely for the learners to retain the words easily when exposed to the first letters of given words. The study…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Retention (Psychology)
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Pornour, Mohsen – Reading Matrix: An International Online Journal, 2014
With 73 students at an Iranian university, the present study investigated teacher's effect in topic familiarization in L2 reading context. The participants--Group B with and Group A without the presence of a teacher--experienced four pre-reading treatments and read four passages of unfamiliar topics, after which they were tested on comprehension…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Familiarity, Statistical Analysis, Qualitative Research
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Karami, Hossein; Nodoushan, Mohammad Ali Salmani – Reading Matrix: An International Online Journal, 2014
Little research has been conducted to investigate the effect of analogy on third language (L3, hereafter) reading comprehension though some experts believe that it has facilitating and debilitating effects on L1 and L2 respectively. This article explores the effect of analogies on reading comprehension of expository texts by students of English as…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Reading Comprehension, Logical Thinking, Second Language Instruction
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Dwaik, Raghad A.; Shehadeh, Adnan M. – Reading Matrix: An International Online Journal, 2013
Top-down models of reading emphasize methods and techniques that promote active reading which involves utilizing contextual clues to guess vocabulary meaning. This study aims at analyzing the correlation between EFL students' general reading proficiency and guessing patterns, and identifying the types of contextual clues actually used by EFL…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Foreign Countries, Arabs
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Aboudan, Rima – Reading Matrix: An International Online Journal, 2011
Although quantitative studies of educational research usually suggest some links between conditions of learning and student learning outcome, behavior and performance, the idea of engaging students in discussions on teaching and learning has not had as much attention in the United Arab Emirates as in some other countries. This paper presents…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Student Attitudes, Educational Research, Language Tests
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Rahimi, Mohammad – Reading Matrix: An International Online Journal, 2007
Test method facet has been considered as an important factor affecting the testee's performance on a test. That is, a test used to assess a particular ability would yield different results when different test methods are used to gauge the same trait. The language of presentation is an aspect of test method conceived of as affecting the performance…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Second Language Learning, Language Proficiency, Indo European Languages
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Golkar, Maryam; Yamini, Mortaza – Reading Matrix: An International Online Journal, 2007
This study set out to empirically determine the reliability and validity of the Vocabulary Levels Tests, both the passive and productive versions. Furthermore, attempt was made to investigate the nature of the students' vocabulary knowledge with regard to their passive and active knowledge of the L2 words as a whole and at different word frequency…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Language Proficiency, Language Tests, English (Second Language)
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Tilfarlioglu, Filiz Yalcin; Basaran, Suleyman – Reading Matrix: An International Online Journal, 2007
Task-based learning is a popular topic in ELT/EFL circles nowadays. It is accepted by its proponents as a flourishing method that may replace Communicative Language Learning. However, it can also be seen as an adventure just because there are almost no experimental studies to tackle questions concerning applicability of Task-based Learning. In…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Task Analysis, Teaching Methods, Writing (Composition)