ERIC Number: EJ1214436
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
The Effects of Repeated Oral Reading and Timed Reading on L2 Oral Reading Fluency
Shimono, Torrin R.
Reading Matrix: An International Online Journal, v19 n1 p139-154 Apr 2019
The effects of repeated oral reading and timed reading on L2 oral reading fluency were examined among Japanese university students (N = 50) over 12 weeks. Three quasi-experimental groups were used in the study. Group 1 practiced two types of reading: Repeated oral reading with chunking practice and timed reading. Group 2 did timed reading only. Group 3 served as the comparison group. The participants were rated on their oral reading fluency of a short passage before and after the treatment period in terms of prosody, accuracy, and speed. The results showed that both treatment groups made statistically significant within-subjects oral reading fluency gains. Between-subjects tests indicated that Group 1 outperformed both Group 2 and the comparison group by the end of the treatment. Additionally, there were no statistically significant differences found between Group 2 and the comparison group. Finally, it was shown that Group 1 made the most improvements in terms of the rhythmic aspects of their oral reading production, Group 2 gained the most in terms of speed, and Group 3 made negligible gains. These results provide empirical evidence of the benefits of repeated oral reading and timed reading on the development of L2 oral reading fluency.
Descriptors: Oral Reading, Reading Rate, Reading Fluency, Phrase Structure, Teaching Methods, College Students, Intonation, Accuracy, Suprasegmentals, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Foreign Countries, Reading Comprehension, Evaluators, North American English, English (Second Language), Language Proficiency, Pretests Posttests, Pronunciation, Language Tests, Scores, Language Rhythm, Native Language, Japanese
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Japan
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Test of English for International Communication