ERIC Number: EJ1031278
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Phrase Cloze: A Better Measure of Reading?
Reading Matrix: An International Online Journal, v14 n1 p76-94 Apr 2014
Cloze procedure, a technique not originally intended for measurement purposes, has come to be known as the most widely experimented upon testing tool in English as a Second/Foreign Language (ESL/EFL). Testing experts have indeed used up their energy by constructing and working on various forms of cloze, with the unhappy result that not one person knows what it is that cloze tests measure. Notwithstanding this assertion, cloze tests are still widely used for research purposes and as a component of some high-stakes international tests. This paper intends to formally introduce a new version of cloze, that is, "phrase-cloze," and report the findings of a relevant study with Iranian EFL learners on the validity of phrase cloze as a measure of EFL reading comprehension. To test the null-hypotheses of whether phrase cloze is a valid measure of EFL reading comprehension as measured by the First Certificate in English (FCE) and the Certificate of Advanced English (CAE) Reading Papers, 53 candidates (university students majoring in English) filled in an FCE-or a CAE-dependent phrase cloze along with taking the relevant reading tests. The findings suggest that, as far as correlational validation can be trusted (Sadeghi, 2010, 2013), phrase cloze is no better than its traditional counterparts such as classical or standard cloze for testing reading comprehension. Further results and implications are discussed in the paper.
Descriptors: Cloze Procedure, English (Second Language), Reading Tests, Reading Comprehension, Test Validity, College Students, Correlation, Foreign Countries
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Iran