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Lee, Julia Ai Cheng; Al Otaiba, Stephanie – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2017
In this study, we examined the spelling performance of 430 kindergartners, which included a high-risk sample, to determine the relations between end-of-kindergarten reading and spelling in a high-quality language arts setting. We described, analyzed, and compared spelling outcomes, including spelling errors, between good and poor readers. The…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Spelling, Error Analysis (Language), Beginning Reading
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Kent, Shawn C.; Wanzek, Jeanne; Al Otaiba, Stephanie – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2017
The present study examined the amount, type, and quality of Tier 1 and supplemental reading instruction provided to 4th-grade struggling readers and whether specific elements of instruction predicted growth in reading skills. In all, 110 students identified as having reading difficulty who were receiving school-based reading instruction in 22…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Grade 4, Elementary School Students, Reading Instruction
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Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Folsom, Jessica S.; Wanzek, Jeanne; Greulich, Luana; Waesche, Jessica; Schatschneider, Christopher; Connor, Carol M. – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2016
Two primary purposes guided this quasi-experimental within-teacher study: (a) to examine changes from baseline through 2 years of professional development (Individualizing Student Instruction) in kindergarten teachers' differentiation of Tier 1 literacy instruction; and (b) to examine changes in reading and vocabulary of 3 cohorts of the teachers'…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Outcomes of Education, Professional Development, Student Improvement