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Beach, Kristen D.; McIntyre, Ellen; Philippakos, Zoi A.; Mraz, Maryann; Pilonieta, Paola; Vintinner, Jean P. – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2018
We evaluated the effects of a summer reading intervention with a sample of low-income Black and Hispanic students who were struggling readers. In the summer before their 2nd- or 3rd-grade school year, 14 rising 2nd graders and 18 rising 3rd graders received 15 hr of a scripted, explicit phonics-based program in dyads from credentialed elementary…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 2, Grade 3, Low Income Students
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Lindo, Endia J.; Weiser, Beverly; Cheatham, Jennifer P.; Allor, Jill H. – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2018
This study examines the effectiveness of minimally trained tutors providing a highly structured tutoring intervention for struggling readers. We screened students in Grades K-6 for participation in an after-school tutoring program. We randomly assigned those students not meeting the benchmark on a reading screening measure to either a tutoring…
Descriptors: After School Programs, After School Education, Literacy, Tutoring
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Kent, Shawn C.; Wanzek, Jeanne; Al Otaiba, Stephanie – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2017
The present study examined the amount, type, and quality of Tier 1 and supplemental reading instruction provided to 4th-grade struggling readers and whether specific elements of instruction predicted growth in reading skills. In all, 110 students identified as having reading difficulty who were receiving school-based reading instruction in 22…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Grade 4, Elementary School Students, Reading Instruction
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Cartledge, Gwendolyn; Keesey, Susan; Bennett, Jessica G.; Ramnath, Rajiv; Council, Morris R., III. – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2016
The ratings and rationales primary-age urban learners gave culturally relevant reading passages was the focus of this descriptive study. First- and second-grade students each read 30 researcher-developed passages reflecting the students' immediate and historical backgrounds. The students rated the passages and gave a reason for their ratings. A…
Descriptors: Cultural Relevance, Literature, Grade 1, Grade 2
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Jones, Cindy D.; Reutzel, D. Ray – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2015
The purpose of this study was to examine whether the code-related features used in current methods of writing instruction in kindergarten classrooms transfer reading outcomes for kindergarten students. We randomly assigned kindergarten students to 3 instructional groups: a writing workshop group, an interactive writing group, and a control group.…
Descriptors: Literacy, Reading Skills, Investigations, Reading Writing Relationship
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Parker, David C.; Burns, Matthew K. – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2014
The instructional hierarchy offers a useful framework for targeting academic interventions. Within this framework, the accuracy with which a student reads might function as an indicator that the student should receive an intervention that focuses either on accuracy or on fluency. The current study examined whether the instructional level for…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Intervention, Accuracy, Reading Fluency
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Hamm, Ellen M.; Harper, Kelly A. – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2014
Researchers used a kindergarten screening to identify kindergarten students at risk for difficulties in reading (phonological awareness) and writing (fine motor and perceptual skills) prior to beginning the school year. Of the 102 incoming kindergarten students, 54 showed signs of reading or writing difficulties. These 54 children participated in…
Descriptors: Response to Intervention, Enrichment Activities, Kindergarten, Role Perception
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McAlenney, Athena Lentini; Coyne, Michael D. – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2011
Accurate identification of at-risk kindergarten and 1st-grade students through early reading screening is an essential element of responsiveness to intervention models of reading instruction. The authors consider predictive validity and classification accuracy of early reading screening assessments with attention to sensitivity and specificity.…
Descriptors: Intervention, Early Reading, Predictive Validity, At Risk Students