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ERIC Number: EJ1412690
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2024
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
EISSN: EISSN-1940-4476
Taking Learning Outside: The Effect on Middle School Students' Mood
Jacqueline M. Swank
RMLE Online: Research in Middle Level Education, v47 n2 2024
School-based outdoor learning is an experiential learning approach that involves the integration of the natural environment with the learning process. This study focused on investigating the effect of a school-based outdoor learning experience on mood among 83 sixth grade students. The researcher found a positive correlation between time spent outside and feeling energetic, and a negative correlation with feeling angry, confused, or tired and with total mood state after students participated in an outdoor learning experience. Additionally, the researcher found a statistically significant improvement in overall mood and in anxiety and confusion following the outdoor education experience. Furthermore, two students participated in interviews and the researcher identified three themes: (a) enhanced learning, (b) improved mood, and (c) nature connectedness. The researcher discusses implications for practice, including teachers collaborating with community and government organization and universities. Furthermore, the author presents considerations for future research to expand upon the current findings, including replication studies.
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 530 Walnut Street Suite 850, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Tel: 215-625-8900; Fax: 215-207-0050; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 6; Intermediate Grades; Middle Schools; Junior High Schools; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A