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Richards, Jack C.; Reppen, Randi – RELC Journal: A Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 2014
Grammar can be viewed both as knowledge and as ability. When viewed as knowledge, the focus is on rules for sentence formation. When viewed as ability, the focus is on how grammar is used as a resource in the creation of spoken and written texts. Twelve principles are proposed as the basis for a pedagogy that focusses on acquiring learning to use…
Descriptors: Grammar, Second Language Instruction, Second Language Learning, Teaching Methods
Kathpalia, Sujata S.; Carmel, Heah Lee Hah – RELC Journal: A Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 2011
In language teaching, emphasis is usually placed on grammatical competence rather than metaphorical competence to improve a learner's proficiency in the target language. Research has shown that figurative language poses a problem for second language learners whether it is in their ability to interpret, process, or produce metaphors. This affects…
Descriptors: Grammar, Second Language Learning, English (Second Language), Writing (Composition)
Ho, Debbie Guan Eng – RELC Journal: A Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 2009
The Systemic Textual Analysis (STA) is a text-based approach to teaching writing based on a combination of the genre-based theory and systemic functional linguistics. Central to this approach is the teacher-learner collaborative analysis of various text types in terms of structure and texture through the use of genre analysis and systemic…
Descriptors: Discourse Analysis, Teaching Methods, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
Cullip, Peter F. – RELC Journal: A Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 2009
This case study analyses two written texts produced by an ESL learner either side of a five-week genre-based teaching intervention. The second text was judged to be of a much higher quality by two independent markers in a previous study. The question arising is: what exactly has improved? The analytical tools of systemic functional linguistics are…
Descriptors: Discourse Analysis, Writing (Composition), Case Studies, English (Second Language)