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Cuellar Mejia, Marisol; Johnson, Hans; Perez, Cesar Alesi; Jackson, Jacob – Public Policy Institute of California, 2023
California's higher education system depends heavily on community colleges. California enrolls a much larger share of recent high school graduates in community colleges than other states--but is near the bottom when it comes to enrolling in four-year colleges and universities. Transferring to four-year institutions thus plays a vital role in…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, College Transfer Students, Community College Students, Racial Differences
Cuellar Mejia, Marisol; Johnson, Hans; Perez, Cesar Alesi; Jackson, Jacob – Public Policy Institute of California, 2023
These are the appendices for the report, "Strengthening California's Transfer Pathway." California's higher education system depends heavily on community colleges. California enrolls a much larger share of recent high school graduates in community colleges than other states--but is near the bottom when it comes to enrolling in four-year…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, College Transfer Students, Community College Students, Student Placement
Public Policy Institute of California, 2023
With 1.8 million students, California Community Colleges (CCC) are often the primary point of access to higher education for low-income, Black, and Latino students. Given the role of community colleges in creating a strong pipeline of college graduates, improving transfer rates to four-year colleges has become an increasingly important policy…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, College Transfer Students, Community College Students, Racial Differences
Rodriguez, Olga; Payares-Montoya, Daniel; Ugo, Iwunze; Gao, Niu – Public Policy Institute of California, 2023
Dual enrollment, which allows high school students to take college courses and earn college credits, is an important way to expand educational opportunities, improve economic mobility, and meet California's workforce needs (Education Commission of the States 2019). However, historically it has been accessible only to high-achieving students taking…
Descriptors: Dual Enrollment, Access to Education, Higher Education, High School Students
Rodriguez, Olga; Payares-Montoya, Daniel; Ugo, Iwunze; Gao, Niu – Public Policy Institute of California, 2023
These are the appendices for the report, "Improving College Access and Success through Dual Enrollment." Dual enrollment, which allows high school students to take college courses and earn college credits, is an important way to expand educational opportunities, improve economic mobility, and meet California's workforce needs (Education…
Descriptors: Dual Enrollment, Access to Education, Higher Education, High School Students
Public Policy Institute of California, 2023
In dual enrollment programs, high school students can take college courses and earn both high school and college credit--but in the past, dual enrollment had been used mostly by high-achieving students. In 2016, the California Legislature passed a law that expanded access to students who had been underserved in higher education. The resulting…
Descriptors: Dual Enrollment, Access to Education, Higher Education, High School Students
Marisol Cuellar Mejia; Cesar Alesi Perez; Sidronio Jacobo; Fernando Garcia; Olga Rodriguez; Vicki Hsieh – Public Policy Institute of California, 2023
For years, the vast majority of California's community college students had to take remedial courses that slowed down or halted their academic progress. In 2019, Assembly Bill (AB) 705 removed many of these barriers, making it much easier for students to access and complete gateway transfer-level courses in English and math--a key early milestone…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Access to Education, Academic Achievement, Progress Monitoring
Public Policy Institute of California, 2023
Over the past five years, enrollment has declined at nearly three-quarters of California school districts, and losses are expected to continue across nearly all regions through at least the next decade. The California Department of Finance (DOF) projects enrollment to fall below 5.2 million by 2032; the federal government projects an even larger…
Descriptors: Declining Enrollment, Elementary Schools, Secondary Schools, Enrollment
Julien Lafortune; Joseph Herrera; Niu Gao; Stephanie Barton – Public Policy Institute of California, 2023
Ten years ago, the Local Control Funding Formula (LCFF) shifted K-12 funding in California, directing more dollars to districts with high-need students--English Learner, low-income, and/or foster youth. This policy brief examines concerns over the flexibility LCFF gave districts to spend their money and provides data regarding: (1) how additional…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Funding Formulas, Educational Equity (Finance), School Districts
Lafortune, Julien – Public Policy Institute of California, 2022
Funding for California's schools has reached record-high levels, although the pandemic has exacerbated longstanding inequities in student outcomes. As policymakers grapple with questions around how much to fund schools and how that funding should be distributed, existing research can provide insights into where and how to use additional funds to…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Equal Education, Outcomes of Education, Educational Equity (Finance)
Barton, Stephanie – Public Policy Institute of California, 2022
With rising state and local revenues--and significant one-time federal funds in 2020-21 and 2021-22--California policymakers now have greater capacity to invest in public schools. At the same time, longstanding racial and income disparities motivate calls to provide funding more efficiently and equitably. This policy brief is adapted from Julien…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Elementary Secondary Education, Educational Finance, Equal Education
Lafortune, Julien – Public Policy Institute of California, 2022
This document contains the technical appendix for the report, "Understanding the Effects of School Funding." Contents include supplementary tables and figures. [Research support for this report was provided by Joseph Herrera. For the full report, see ED623529. For the Policy Brief, see ED623531.]
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Educational Equity (Finance), Expenditure per Student, Outcomes of Education
Gao, Niu; DiRanna, Kathy; Fay, Maria T. Chang – Public Policy Institute of California, 2022
The California Next Generation Science Standards (CA NGSS)--adopted in 2013--have the potential to improve scientific literacy and strengthen the global competitiveness of California's workforce. However, longstanding underinvestment in science education and the unprecedented disruptions caused by COVID-19 have heightened challenges faced by…
Descriptors: Science Education, State Standards, Scientific Literacy, COVID-19
Severance, Mary – Public Policy Institute of California, 2022
California adopted the Next Generation Science Standards (CA NGSS) in 2013, with the aim of improving scientific literacy and strengthening the global competitiveness of the state's workforce. But the COVID-19 pandemic has been especially disruptive for science education, which has long been a lower priority than math and English language arts.…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, State Standards, Science Education, Scientific Literacy
Severance, Mary – Public Policy Institute of California, 2022
California community colleges began implementing a landmark law (AB 705) in 2019, making major assessment and placement reforms that have virtually eliminated remedial prerequisites for both English and math. Now that most students are enrolling directly in courses they need to obtain degrees or transfer to four-year schools, their chances of…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Required Courses, Equal Education, COVID-19
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