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Warren, Paul; Lafortune, Julien – Public Policy Institute of California, 2020
Demographic projections from the California Department of Finance (DOF) suggest that California's public K-12 school system is entering a long period of declining enrollment. Districts with declining enrollment face fiscal pressures, as state funding is tied to the number of students they serve. Declining enrollment also has important implications…
Descriptors: Declining Enrollment, Enrollment Trends, Public Schools, Elementary Secondary Education
Warren, Paul; Lafortune, Julien – Public Policy Institute of California, 2020
Demographic projections from the California Department of Finance (DOF) suggest that California's public K-12 school system is entering a long period of declining enrollment. Districts with declining enrollment face fiscal pressures, as state funding is tied to the number of students they serve. Declining enrollment also has important implications…
Descriptors: Declining Enrollment, Enrollment Trends, Public Schools, School Districts
Jackson, Jacob; Johnson, Hans – Public Policy Institute of California, 2020
The value of a college degree is the highest it has been in decades. The typical full-time worker with a bachelor's degree earned $81,000 in 2017, while the typical worker with only a high school diploma earned $36,000. Educational attainĀ­ment is associated with lower unemployment and less strain on the social safety net, as well as higher tax…
Descriptors: College Graduates, Education Work Relationship, Supply and Demand, Student Costs
Warren, Paul; Gao, Niu; Hill, Laura; LaFortune, Julien – Public Policy Institute of California, 2020
California educates more than 6 million children in its K-12 public schools. More than half of these students are economically disadvantaged. About one in five are English Learners (ELs), compared with one in ten nationwide. In 2013, the state created the Local Control Funding Formula (LCFF) to simplify school funding and significantly increase…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Public Schools, Economically Disadvantaged, Low Income Students
Rodriguez, Olga; Bohn, Sarah; Hill, Laura; Brooks, Bonnie – Public Policy Institute of California, 2019
This report aims to fill the gap in research on English as a Second Language (ESL) programs at California's community colleges and the effectiveness of reforms aimed at improving student success. A number of colleges have implemented curricular reforms in recent years--accelerating coursework, integrating skills courses, and the like. These…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, English (Second Language), College Second Language Programs
Rodriguez, Olga; Bohn, Sarah; Hill, Laura; Brooks, Bonnie – Public Policy Institute of California, 2019
This document includes two technical appendices that accompany the full report, "English as a Second Language in California's Community Colleges." The two appendixes include: (1) Key terms, data and methods; and (2) Figures and tables. [These appendices were written with research support from Sergio Sanchez and Stephanie Pulles. For the…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, English (Second Language), College Second Language Programs
Danielson, Caroline; Thorman, Tess – Public Policy Institute of California, 2019
This report examines the effects on child poverty of expanding access to state-funded preschool for qualifying three- and four-year-olds. Subsidized child care is a key part of the social safety net that in effect boosts the resources available to low-income families by reducing a significant expense they might otherwise bear. At present, most…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Preschools, Poverty, Child Care
Danielson, Caroline; Thorman, Tess – Public Policy Institute of California, 2019
This document includes five technical appendices that accompany the full report, "The Impact of Expanding Public Preschool on Child Poverty in California." The five appendixes include: (1) Publicly Provided Child Care Programs Included in the Report Scenarios; (2) Summary Description of Child Care Scenarios Developed in the Report; (3)…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Preschools, Poverty, Child Care
Bohn, Sarah; Jackson, Jacob; McConville, Shannon – Public Policy Institute of California, 2019
Career education programs in California's community colleges are a critical component of public higher education in the state. Also known as career technical or vocational programs, career education trains individuals for middle-skill jobs that require more than a high school diploma but less than a four-year degree. These jobs make up a third of…
Descriptors: Career Education, Occupational Mobility, Community Colleges, Two Year College Students
Warren, Paul; LaFortune, Julien – Public Policy Institute of California, 2019
Two major reforms have transformed California's K-12 education system over the past decade. To revamp English and mathematics instruction, the Common Core standards were adopted in 2010, with district implementation beginning several years later. In 2013, the Local Control Funding Formula (LCFF) was enacted to increase funding for disadvantaged…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Scores, Student Evaluation, Language Arts
LaFortune, Julien – Public Policy Institute of California, 2019
California enacted the Local Control Funding Formula (LCFF) in 2013-14 in an effort to simplify school finance, revamp accountability, and increase funding for high-need students--those who are low income, English Learners, homeless, and/or foster youth. The LCFF represents an overhaul of the previous system of K-12 school finance that had been in…
Descriptors: School District Autonomy, Funding Formulas, Educational Finance, Resource Allocation
Warren, Paul; LaFortune, Julien – Public Policy Institute of California, 2019
Two major reforms have transformed California's K-12 education system over the past decade. To revamp English and mathematics instruction, the Common Core standards were adopted in 2010, with district implementation beginning several years later. In 2013, the Local Control Funding Formula (LCFF) was enacted to increase funding for disadvantaged…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Scores, Student Evaluation, Language Tests
Bohn, Sarah; Jackson, Jacob; McConville, Shannon – Public Policy Institute of California, 2019
Career education programs in California's community colleges are a critical component of public higher education in the state. Also known as career technical or vocational programs, career education trains individuals for middle-skill jobs that require more than a high school diploma but less than a four-year degree. These jobs make up a third of…
Descriptors: Career Education, Vocational Education, Occupational Mobility, Community Colleges
Baldassare, Mark; Bonner, Dean; Dykman, Alyssa; Ward, Rachel – Public Policy Institute of California, 2019
Key findings from the current survey: (1) Most Californians say charter schools are an important option for parents in low-income areas--but many express concern that charters divert funding from traditional public schools; (2) More than half of residents across regions say teacher salaries in their community are too low; and (3) Majorities…
Descriptors: Educational Attitudes, Public Education, Elementary Secondary Education, Educational Finance
LaFortune, Julien – Public Policy Institute of California, 2019
California enacted the Local Control Funding Formula (LCFF) in 2013-14 in an effort to simplify school finance, revamp accountability, and increase funding for high-need students--those who are low income, English Learners, homeless, and/or foster youth. The LCFF represents an overhaul of the previous system of K-12 school finance that had been in…
Descriptors: School District Autonomy, Funding Formulas, Educational Finance, Resource Allocation
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