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Falck, Oliver; Woessmann, Ludger – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2010
School choice research mostly focuses on academic outcomes. Policymakers increasingly view entrepreneurial traits as a non-cognitive outcome important for economic growth. We use international PISA-2006 (Programme for International Student Assessment -2006) student-level data to estimate the effect of private-school competition on students'…
Descriptors: Economic Development, Catholics, School Choice, Competition
Henderson, Michael – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2009
Does public information about school quality lead parents to sort their children out of schools with relatively poor performance? Use of this exit option in response to information about school quality has the potential to indirectly foster school responsiveness to quality concerns. To determine whether this information affects student exit, I…
Descriptors: School Effectiveness, Failure, Information Dissemination, School Choice
Peterson, Paul E.; Chingos, Matthew M. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2009
At the request of the State of Pennsylvania, the School District of Philadelphia, in the summer of 2002, asked three for-profit firms to assume responsibility for 30 of its lowest-performing schools and it asked four nonprofit managers to assume the management of 16 other low-performing schools. A difference-in-differences analysis is used to…
Descriptors: Nonprofit Organizations, Business, School Administration, Urban Schools
Hess, Frederick M.; Hassel, Bryan C. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2007
Over the last two decades, there has been a surge in public policies seeking to give low-income families more choice about where to send their children to school. These changes in policy have both reflected and accommodated an influx of new educational providers, including school operators, technology firms, back-office service providers, tutors,…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Educational Change, Low Income Groups, Human Capital
Woessmann, Ludger – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2007
Cross-country evidence on student achievement might be hampered by omitted country characteristics such as language or legal differences. This paper uses cross-state variation in Germany, whose sixteen states share the same language and legal system, but pursue different education policies. The same results found previously across countries hold…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, German, Educational Policy, Equal Education
Peterson, Paul E. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2007
No Child Left Behind (NCLB) asks that states "restructure" schools that fail for six years running to make Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) toward full proficiency on the part of all students by the year 2014. Although restructuring efforts by most states have been modest, Pennsylvania, in the summer of 2002, directed the School District…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Educational Change, School Restructuring, School Districts
Hanushek, Eric A.; Woessmann, Ludger – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2007
The role of improved schooling, a central part of most development strategies, has become controversial because expansion of school attainment has not guaranteed improved economic conditions. This paper reviews the role of education in promoting economic wellbeing, with a particular focus on the role of educational quality. It concludes that there…
Descriptors: Educational Quality, Economic Progress, Developed Nations, Educational Change
Wolf, Patrick J. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2007
For this systematic review, the author examines 59 findings from 21 quantitative studies regarding the effects of school choice on seven civic values that relate to the capacity of individuals to perform as effective citizens in a representative democracy. The values, in order from the most studied to the least studied, are: (1) Political…
Descriptors: School Choice, Meta Analysis, Citizenship Responsibility, Private Schools
Becker, Sascha O.; Wohmann, Ludger – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2007
Max Weber attributed the higher economic prosperity of Protestant regions to a Protestant work ethic. We provide an alternative theory, where Protestant economies prospered because instruction in reading the Bible generated the human capital crucial to economic prosperity. County-level data from late 19th-century Prussia reveal that Protestantism…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Human Capital, Protestants, Correlation
Hess, Frederick M.; West, Martin R. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2006
In this paper, the authors argue that at a time when disappointing student performance, stark achievement gaps, and an ever-"flattening" world call for retooling American schools for the 21st century, the most daunting impediments to doing so are the teacher collective bargaining agreements that regulate virtually all aspects of school district…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Elementary Secondary Education, Educational Needs, Unions
Peterson, Paul E.; Llaudet, Elena – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2006
On July 14, 2006, the U. S. Department of Education's National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) released a study that compared the performance in reading and math of 4th and 8th-graders attending private and public schools. Using information from a nationwide, representative sample of public and private school students collected in 2003 as…
Descriptors: School Effectiveness, Grade 8, Grade 4, Student Characteristics
Dynarski, Susan; Scott-Clayton, Judith – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2006
The complexity of the federal tax code has been the focus of reform efforts for decades, and has received considerable attention in the economic literature. The federal system for distributing student financial aid is similarly convoluted, yet has received relatively little attention from economists. For the typical household, the aid application…
Descriptors: College Attendance, Student Financial Aid, Paying for College, Taxes
Hess, Frederick M; Kelly, Andrew P. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2005
Today, school principals are asked to lead in a new world marked by unprecedented responsibilities, challenges, and managerial opportunities. Are principal preparation programs equipping their charges for this new role? The authors examined the content of instruction at a stratified sample of the nation's principal preparation programs, including…
Descriptors: Administrator Education, Higher Education, Course Content, Curriculum
Hess, Frederick M.; Kelly, Andrew P. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2005
In an era of accountability, where school leaders are expected to demonstrate bottom-line results and use data to drive decisions, the skill and knowledge of principals matter more than ever. Amidst the efforts to prepare principals for this new world, little scholarly attention has been paid to the content of what principals are actually reading…
Descriptors: Instructional Leadership, Educational Administration, Principals, Administrator Education
Hylden, Jordan – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2005
A growing body of evidence points to the size of schools as a significant determining factor in academic achievement. Large schools are often far less successful at educating students than small schools. This paper shall first examine the data which support this claim and the reasons why small schools might work better. Finally, our conclusions…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Small Schools, School Size, Educational Environment
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