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ERIC Number: ED613099
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2021-Apr-20
Pages: 110
Abstractor: As Provided
A Half Century of Progress in U.S. Student Achievement: Ethnic and SES Differences; Agency and Flynn Effects. Program on Education Policy and Governance Working Papers Series. PEPG 21-01
Shakeel, M. Danish; Peterson, Paul E.
Program on Education Policy and Governance
Principals (policy makers) have debated the progress in U.S. student performance for a half century or more. Informing these conversations, survey agents have administered seven million psychometrically linked tests in math and reading in 160 waves to national probability samples of selected cohorts born between 1954 and 2007. This study is the first to assess consistency of results by agency. We find results vary by agent, but consistent with Flynn effects, gains are larger in math than reading, except for the most recent period. Non-whites progress at a faster pace. Socio-economically disadvantaged white, black, and Hispanic students make greater progress when tested in elementary school, but that advantage attenuates and reverses itself as students age. We discuss potential moderators.
Program on Education Policy and Governance. Harvard University, Kennedy School of Government, 79 John F. Kennedy Street, Taubman 304, Cambridge, MA 02138. Tel: 617-495-7976; Fax: 617-496-4428; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education; Elementary Education; Grade 4; Intermediate Grades; Grade 8; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools; Secondary Education; Grade 12; High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Department of Education (ED)
Authoring Institution: Harvard University, Program on Education Policy and Governance
Identifiers - Location: United States; Australia; Hong Kong; Hungary; Iran; Japan; New Zealand; Norway; Singapore; United Kingdom; Bulgaria; France; Germany; Italy; Lithuania; Netherlands; Russia; Slovakia; Slovenia; Belgium; Brazil; Canada; Czech Republic; Denmark; Finland; Greece; Iceland; Indonesia; South Korea; Latvia; Luxembourg; Mexico; Poland; Portugal; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Thailand
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Assessment of Educational Progress; Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study; Progress in International Reading Literacy Study; Program for International Student Assessment
Grant or Contract Numbers: 001006519E