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Houston, David M.; Henderson, Michael B.; Peterson, Paul E.; West, Martin R. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2021
Do Americans hold a consistent set of opinions about their public schools and how to improve them? From 2013 to 2018, over 5,000 unique respondents participated in more than one consecutive iteration of the annual, nationally representative "Education Next" poll, offering an opportunity to examine individual-level attitude stability on…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Public Opinion, Educational Policy, Comparative Analysis
Roth, Jonathan – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2017
This paper studies teacher attrition in Wisconsin following Act 10, a policy change which severely weakened teachers' unions and capped wage growth for teachers. I document a sharp increase in turnover after the Act was passed, driven almost entirely by the exit of older teachers, who faced strong incentives to retire before the end of…
Descriptors: Unions, Institutional Role, Faculty Mobility, Educational Policy
Henderson, Michael B.; Lergetporer, Philipp; Peterson, Paul E.; Werner, Katharina; West, Martin R.; Woessmann, Ludger – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2015
What do citizens of the United States and Germany think about their schools and school policies? This paper offers the first broad comparison of public thinking on education in the two countries. We carried out opinion surveys of representative samples of the German and American adult populations in 2014 that included experiments in which we…
Descriptors: Governance, School Policy, Educational Attitudes, National Surveys
Howell, William G.; Henderson, Michael – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2010
Merit pay initiatives transparently alter the teaching profession and goings-on within classrooms, and thereby promise to stoke the self-interests of the two most prominent stakeholders in public education: teachers and parents. This memo summarizes the authors' ongoing efforts to empirically evaluate the extent to which public debates about merit…
Descriptors: Merit Pay, Public Education, Governance, Educational Policy
Woessmann, Ludger – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2010
The general-equilibrium effects of performance-related teacher pay include long-term incentive and teacher-sorting mechanisms that usually elude experimental studies but are captured in cross-country comparisons. Combining country-level performance-pay measures with rich PISA-2003 international achievement microdata, this paper estimates…
Descriptors: Teacher Salaries, International Education, Educational Policy, Comparative Analysis
Podgursky, Michael J.; Springer, Matthew – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2010
This paper provides a review of recent policy initiatives to reform teacher compensation systems and evidence regarding the effect of these policies. The first section examines the current structure of teacher compensation in the U.S. K-12 public education system. The compensation "system" for teachers is fragmented and uncoordinated. Teacher…
Descriptors: Teacher Salaries, Quasiexperimental Design, Elementary Secondary Education, Program Effectiveness
Goodman, Sarena; Turner, Lesley – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2010
Teacher compensation schemes are often criticized for lacking a performance-based component. Proponents of merit pay argue that linking teacher salaries to student achievement will incentivize teachers to focus on raising student achievement and stimulate innovation across the school system as a whole. In this paper, we utilize a policy experiment…
Descriptors: Teacher Salaries, Merit Pay, Class Activities, Teacher Persistence
Hess, Frederick M.; West, Martin R. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2006
In this paper, the authors argue that at a time when disappointing student performance, stark achievement gaps, and an ever-"flattening" world call for retooling American schools for the 21st century, the most daunting impediments to doing so are the teacher collective bargaining agreements that regulate virtually all aspects of school district…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Elementary Secondary Education, Educational Needs, Unions