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Arold, Benjamin W. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2022
Anti-scientific attitudes can impose substantial costs on societies. Can schools be an important agent in mitigating the propagation of such attitudes? This paper investigates the effect of the content of science education on anti-scientific attitudes, knowledge, and choices. The analysis exploits staggered reforms that reduce or expand the…
Descriptors: Evolution, Creationism, Science Education, Religion
Houston, David M.; Henderson, Michael B.; Peterson, Paul E.; West, Martin R. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2021
Do Americans hold a consistent set of opinions about their public schools and how to improve them? From 2013 to 2018, over 5,000 unique respondents participated in more than one consecutive iteration of the annual, nationally representative "Education Next" poll, offering an opportunity to examine individual-level attitude stability on…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Public Opinion, Educational Policy, Comparative Analysis
Shakeel, M. Danish; Peterson, Paul E. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2020
We use a quadratic equation to estimate trends in cohort performances in the charter and district sectors on the National Assessment of Educational Progress in 4th and 8th grade between 2005 and 2017. Data consist of over four million test observations of nationally representative samples of students on seven separate math and reading tests. We…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Grade 4, Grade 8, National Competency Tests
Barrows, Samuel; Cheng, Albert; Peterson, Paul E.; West, Martin R. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2017
This first report of charter school parents' perceptions based on nationally representative samples finds that charter parents, as compared with parents from district schools, are less likely to see serious problems at their children's school, report more extensive communications with the school, and are more satisfied with most aspects of the…
Descriptors: Parent Attitudes, Charter Schools, National Surveys, Parent Surveys
Barrows, Samuel – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2015
Governments are increasingly publishing information about the performance of the services they provide, in part to help citizens hold their elected representatives accountable for government service outcomes. Yet there is little evidence concerning the influence of information about government service performance on voter behavior. This paper…
Descriptors: Voting, Educational Policy, Accountability, Public Officials
Egalite, Anna J.; Kisida, Brian; Winters, Marcus A. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2014
Previous research suggests that there are academic benefits when students and teachers share the same race/ethnicity because such teachers can serve as role models, mentors, advocates, or cultural translators. In this paper, we obtain estimates of achievement changes as students are assigned to teachers of different races/ethnicities from grades 3…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Change, Race, Student Characteristics
Schwerdt, Guido; West, Martin R. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2011
We use statewide administrative data from Florida to estimate the impact of attending public schools with different grade configurations on student achievement through grade 10. To identify the causal effect of structural school transitions, we use student fixed effects and instrument for middle and high school attendance based on the terminal…
Descriptors: Evidence, High Schools, Dropout Rate, Academic Achievement
Peterson, Paul E.; Woessmann, Ludger; Hanushek, Eric A.; Lastra-Anadon, Carlos X. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2011
At a time of persistent unemployment, especially among the less skilled, many wonder whether schools are adequately preparing students for the 21st-century global economy. This is the second study of student achievement in global perspective prepared under the auspices of Harvard's Program on Education Policy and Governance (PEPG). In the 2010…
Descriptors: Private Schools, Academic Achievement, Global Approach, Program Effectiveness
Chingos, Matthew M.; Henderson, Michael; West, Martin R. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2010
Conventional models of democratic accountability hinge on citizens' ability to evaluate government performance accurately, yet there is little evidence on the degree to which citizen perceptions of the quality of government services correspond to actual service quality. Using nationally representative survey data, we find that citizens'…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Academic Achievement, Accountability, Educational Policy
Peterson, Paul E. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2007
No Child Left Behind (NCLB) asks that states "restructure" schools that fail for six years running to make Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) toward full proficiency on the part of all students by the year 2014. Although restructuring efforts by most states have been modest, Pennsylvania, in the summer of 2002, directed the School District…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Educational Change, School Restructuring, School Districts
Wolf, Patrick J. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2007
For this systematic review, the author examines 59 findings from 21 quantitative studies regarding the effects of school choice on seven civic values that relate to the capacity of individuals to perform as effective citizens in a representative democracy. The values, in order from the most studied to the least studied, are: (1) Political…
Descriptors: School Choice, Meta Analysis, Citizenship Responsibility, Private Schools
Peterson, Paul E.; Llaudet, Elena – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2006
On July 14, 2006, the U. S. Department of Education's National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) released a study that compared the performance in reading and math of 4th and 8th-graders attending private and public schools. Using information from a nationwide, representative sample of public and private school students collected in 2003 as…
Descriptors: School Effectiveness, Grade 8, Grade 4, Student Characteristics