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Cheng, Albert; Peterson, Paul E. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2020
Although qualitative research suggests that school choice and other interventions are more beneficial for moderately disadvantaged than severely deprived students, the subject has barely been explored by quantitative studies with either observational or experimental designs. We estimate experimentally the impact of a voucher offer on college…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Educational Vouchers, Educational Attainment, School Choice
Cheng, Albert; Peterson, Paul E. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2018
Economic information may close aspiration disparities for postsecondary education across socio-economic, ethnic and partisan divides. In 2017, we estimated impacts of information on such disparities by means of a survey experiment administered to a nationally representative sample of 4,214 adults. A baseline group was asked whether they preferred…
Descriptors: Postsecondary Education, Higher Education, Socioeconomic Status, Access to Information
Roth, Jonathan – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2017
This paper studies teacher attrition in Wisconsin following Act 10, a policy change which severely weakened teachers' unions and capped wage growth for teachers. I document a sharp increase in turnover after the Act was passed, driven almost entirely by the exit of older teachers, who faced strong incentives to retire before the end of…
Descriptors: Unions, Institutional Role, Faculty Mobility, Educational Policy
Carlson, Deven; Chingos, Matthew M.; Campbell, David E. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2016
In 1997, the New York School Choice Scholarships Foundation Program (SCSF) randomly offered three-year scholarships to attend private schools to approximately 1,000 low-income families in New York City. In this paper we leverage exogenous variation generated by the SCSF to estimate the causal effect of the private school voucher offer--and the…
Descriptors: Private Schools, Educational Vouchers, Citizen Participation, Voting
Machin, Stephen; McNally, Sandra; Wyness, Gill – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2012
The four "home countries" of the United Kingdom are becoming increasingly different with regard to education policy. Nevertheless, they are still highly comparable as compared to education systems elsewhere. Over time, they have had a similar legislative framework (particularly in England, Wales and Northern Ireland) and, in a broader…
Descriptors: Evidence, Educational Objectives, Outcomes of Education, Educational Change
Schwerdt, Guido; West, Martin R. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2012
A growing number of American states and school districts require students to meet basic performance standards in core academic subjects at key transition points in order to be promoted to the next grade. We exploit a discontinuity in the probability of third grade retention under a Florida test-based promotion policy to study the causal effect of…
Descriptors: Core Curriculum, Academic Achievement, Performance Based Assessment, Grade 3
Schwerdt, Guido; West, Martin R. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2011
We use statewide administrative data from Florida to estimate the impact of attending public schools with different grade configurations on student achievement through grade 10. To identify the causal effect of structural school transitions, we use student fixed effects and instrument for middle and high school attendance based on the terminal…
Descriptors: Evidence, High Schools, Dropout Rate, Academic Achievement
Goodman, Sarena; Turner, Lesley – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2010
Teacher compensation schemes are often criticized for lacking a performance-based component. Proponents of merit pay argue that linking teacher salaries to student achievement will incentivize teachers to focus on raising student achievement and stimulate innovation across the school system as a whole. In this paper, we utilize a policy experiment…
Descriptors: Teacher Salaries, Merit Pay, Class Activities, Teacher Persistence
Chingos, Matthew M. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2010
Class-size reduction (CSR) mandates presuppose that resources provided to reduce class size will have a larger impact on student outcomes than resources that districts can spend as they see fit. I estimate the impact of Florida's statewide CSR policy by comparing the deviations from prior achievement trends in districts that were required to…
Descriptors: Class Size, Academic Achievement, Achievement Tests, Educational Policy
Falck, Oliver; Woessmann, Ludger – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2010
School choice research mostly focuses on academic outcomes. Policymakers increasingly view entrepreneurial traits as a non-cognitive outcome important for economic growth. We use international PISA-2006 (Programme for International Student Assessment -2006) student-level data to estimate the effect of private-school competition on students'…
Descriptors: Economic Development, Catholics, School Choice, Competition
Wolf, Patrick J. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2007
For this systematic review, the author examines 59 findings from 21 quantitative studies regarding the effects of school choice on seven civic values that relate to the capacity of individuals to perform as effective citizens in a representative democracy. The values, in order from the most studied to the least studied, are: (1) Political…
Descriptors: School Choice, Meta Analysis, Citizenship Responsibility, Private Schools