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Shakeel, M. Danish; Peterson, Paul E. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2021
Principals (policy makers) have debated the progress in U.S. student performance for a half century or more. Informing these conversations, survey agents have administered seven million psychometrically linked tests in math and reading in 160 waves to national probability samples of selected cohorts born between 1954 and 2007. This study is the…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Socioeconomic Status, Race, Ethnicity
Lastra-Anadón, Carlos X.; Peterson, Paul E. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2020
The efficiency-equity trade-offs in public service delivery may be influenced by the dependency of local governments on their own resources rather than inter-governmental grants. School districts in the United States are expected both to produce human capital efficiently and to provide educational opportunity equally. To ascertain school district…
Descriptors: School Districts, Educational Finance, Mathematics Achievement, Reading Achievement
Hanushek, Eric A.; Peterson, Paul E.; Talpey, Laura M.; Woessman, Ludger – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2020
Rising inequality in the United States has raised concerns about potentially widening gaps in educational achievement by socio-economic status (SES). Using assessments from LTT-NAEP [Long-Term Trend assessment administered by the National Assessment of Educational Progress], Main-NAEP, TIMSS [Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study],…
Descriptors: Science Achievement, Achievement Gap, Socioeconomic Status, Age Differences
Lastra-Anadón, Carlos X.; Peterson, Paul E. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2019
Tiebout theorizes that local public services are provided more efficiently if costs are paid out of local revenues rather than by inter-governmental grants. But if local politics is not as pluralistic as Dahl has argued, citizens of higher socio-economic status will exercise greater influence, resulting in higher inequalities in service provision.…
Descriptors: Financial Support, Income, Grade 8, Mathematics Achievement
Hanushek, Eric A.; Peterson, Paul E.; Talpey, Laura M.; Woessmann, Ludger – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2019
Concerns about the breadth of the U.S. income distribution and limited intergenerational mobility have led to a focus on educational achievement gaps by socio-economic status (SES). Using intertemporally linked assessments from NAEP [National Assessment of Educational Progress], TIMSS [Trends in International Mathematics and Science Survey], and…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Achievement Gap, Foreign Countries, Science Achievement
Egalite, Anna J.; Kisida, Brian; Winters, Marcus A. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2014
Previous research suggests that there are academic benefits when students and teachers share the same race/ethnicity because such teachers can serve as role models, mentors, advocates, or cultural translators. In this paper, we obtain estimates of achievement changes as students are assigned to teachers of different races/ethnicities from grades 3…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Change, Race, Student Characteristics
Hanushek, Eric A.; Peterson, Paul E.; Woessmann, Ludger – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2012
"The United States' failure to educate its students leaves them unprepared to compete and threatens the country's ability to thrive in a global economy." Such was the dire warning recently issued by a task force sponsored by the Council on Foreign Relations. Chaired by former New York City schools chancellor Joel I. Klein and former U.S.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary Secondary Education, Human Capital, Educational Trends
Goodman, Joshua – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2012
Proponents of the recent and widely adopted Common Core State Standards argue that high quality curricular standards are critical to students' educational success. Little clear evidence exists, however, linking the quality of such standards to student achievement. I remedy this by connecting data on state-level student achievement from 1994-2011…
Descriptors: Core Curriculum, State Standards, Academic Standards, Evidence
Peterson, Paul E.; Woessmann, Ludger; Hanushek, Eric A.; Lastra-Anadon, Carlos X. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2011
At a time of persistent unemployment, especially among the less skilled, many wonder whether schools are adequately preparing students for the 21st-century global economy. This is the second study of student achievement in global perspective prepared under the auspices of Harvard's Program on Education Policy and Governance (PEPG). In the 2010…
Descriptors: Private Schools, Academic Achievement, Global Approach, Program Effectiveness
Woessmann, Ludger – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2010
The general-equilibrium effects of performance-related teacher pay include long-term incentive and teacher-sorting mechanisms that usually elude experimental studies but are captured in cross-country comparisons. Combining country-level performance-pay measures with rich PISA-2003 international achievement microdata, this paper estimates…
Descriptors: Teacher Salaries, International Education, Educational Policy, Comparative Analysis
Hanushek, Eric A.; Peterson, Paul E.; Woessmann, Ludger – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2010
To see how well U.S. schools do at producing high-achieving math students, the authors compare the percentage of U.S. public and private school students in the graduating Class of 2009 who were highly accomplished in mathematics in each of the 50 states and in 10 urban districts to percentages of high achievers in 56 other countries. Their…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Mathematics Tests, National Competency Tests, Young Adults
Goodman, Sarena; Turner, Lesley – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2010
Teacher compensation schemes are often criticized for lacking a performance-based component. Proponents of merit pay argue that linking teacher salaries to student achievement will incentivize teachers to focus on raising student achievement and stimulate innovation across the school system as a whole. In this paper, we utilize a policy experiment…
Descriptors: Teacher Salaries, Merit Pay, Class Activities, Teacher Persistence
Schwerdt, Guido; Wuppermann, Amelie C. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2010
Recent studies conclude that teachers are important for student learning but it remains uncertain what actually determines effective teaching. This study directly peers into the black box of educational production by investigating the relationship between lecture style teaching and student achievement. Based on matched student-teacher data for the…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Teacher Characteristics, Academic Achievement, Lecture Method
Chingos, Matthew; Peterson, Paul E. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2010
Holding a college major in education is not correlated with effectiveness in elementary and middle school classrooms, regardless of the university at which the major was earned. Teachers do become more effective with a few years of teaching experience, but (except in elementary reading) no gains--and some declines--in effectiveness appear in the…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Predictor Variables, Reading Achievement, Mathematics Achievement
Chingos, Matthew M. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2010
Class-size reduction (CSR) mandates presuppose that resources provided to reduce class size will have a larger impact on student outcomes than resources that districts can spend as they see fit. I estimate the impact of Florida's statewide CSR policy by comparing the deviations from prior achievement trends in districts that were required to…
Descriptors: Class Size, Academic Achievement, Achievement Tests, Educational Policy
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