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Houston, David M.; Henderson, Michael B.; Peterson, Paul E.; West, Martin R. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2021
Do Americans hold a consistent set of opinions about their public schools and how to improve them? From 2013 to 2018, over 5,000 unique respondents participated in more than one consecutive iteration of the annual, nationally representative "Education Next" poll, offering an opportunity to examine individual-level attitude stability on…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Public Opinion, Educational Policy, Comparative Analysis
Henderson, Michael B.; Lergetporer, Philipp; Peterson, Paul E.; Werner, Katharina; West, Martin R.; Woessmann, Ludger – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2015
What do citizens of the United States and Germany think about their schools and school policies? This paper offers the first broad comparison of public thinking on education in the two countries. We carried out opinion surveys of representative samples of the German and American adult populations in 2014 that included experiments in which we…
Descriptors: Governance, School Policy, Educational Attitudes, National Surveys
Dee, Thomas S. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2012
The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) targeted substantial School Improvement Grants (SIGs) to the nation's "persistently lowest achieving" public schools (i.e., up to $2 million per school annually over 3 years) but required schools accepting these awards to implement a federally prescribed school-reform model.…
Descriptors: Evidence, School Restructuring, Eligibility, Educational Change
Machin, Stephen; McNally, Sandra; Wyness, Gill – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2012
The four "home countries" of the United Kingdom are becoming increasingly different with regard to education policy. Nevertheless, they are still highly comparable as compared to education systems elsewhere. Over time, they have had a similar legislative framework (particularly in England, Wales and Northern Ireland) and, in a broader…
Descriptors: Evidence, Educational Objectives, Outcomes of Education, Educational Change
Howell, William G.; Henderson, Michael – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2010
Merit pay initiatives transparently alter the teaching profession and goings-on within classrooms, and thereby promise to stoke the self-interests of the two most prominent stakeholders in public education: teachers and parents. This memo summarizes the authors' ongoing efforts to empirically evaluate the extent to which public debates about merit…
Descriptors: Merit Pay, Public Education, Governance, Educational Policy
Woessmann, Ludger – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2010
The general-equilibrium effects of performance-related teacher pay include long-term incentive and teacher-sorting mechanisms that usually elude experimental studies but are captured in cross-country comparisons. Combining country-level performance-pay measures with rich PISA-2003 international achievement microdata, this paper estimates…
Descriptors: Teacher Salaries, International Education, Educational Policy, Comparative Analysis
Podgursky, Michael J.; Springer, Matthew – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2010
This paper provides a review of recent policy initiatives to reform teacher compensation systems and evidence regarding the effect of these policies. The first section examines the current structure of teacher compensation in the U.S. K-12 public education system. The compensation "system" for teachers is fragmented and uncoordinated. Teacher…
Descriptors: Teacher Salaries, Quasiexperimental Design, Elementary Secondary Education, Program Effectiveness
Ahn, Tom; Vigdor, Jake – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2010
Teacher effort, a critical component of education production, has been largely ignored in the literature due to measurement difficulties. Using a principal-agent model, North Carolina public school data, and the state's unique accountability system that rewards teachers for school-level academic growth, we show that we can distill effort from…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Teacher Attendance, Rewards, Accountability
Chingos, Matthew M.; Henderson, Michael; West, Martin R. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2010
Conventional models of democratic accountability hinge on citizens' ability to evaluate government performance accurately, yet there is little evidence on the degree to which citizen perceptions of the quality of government services correspond to actual service quality. Using nationally representative survey data, we find that citizens'…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Academic Achievement, Accountability, Educational Policy
Murray, Vicki E. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2010
In 2009, the "East Valley Tribune and the Arizona Republic" alleged that Arizona's individual income tax-credit scholarship program disproportionately serves privileged students from higher-income families over those from lower-income backgrounds. Yet neither paper collected the student-level, scholarship recipient family income data…
Descriptors: Taxes, Economically Disadvantaged, Scholarships, Family Income
Smarick, Andrew – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2010
Even the most cursory look at the current administration's approach to performance pay reveals a noteworthy story. Unlike all of his Democratic predecessors--and some of his Republican ones--President Obama not only appreciates the value of differentiating the compensation of teachers based on a effectiveness, he has put energy and money behind…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Incentives, Federal Programs, Teacher Motivation
Hess, Frederick M.; West, Martin R. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2006
In this paper, the authors argue that at a time when disappointing student performance, stark achievement gaps, and an ever-"flattening" world call for retooling American schools for the 21st century, the most daunting impediments to doing so are the teacher collective bargaining agreements that regulate virtually all aspects of school district…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Elementary Secondary Education, Educational Needs, Unions
Hylden, Jordan – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2005
A growing body of evidence points to the size of schools as a significant determining factor in academic achievement. Large schools are often far less successful at educating students than small schools. This paper shall first examine the data which support this claim and the reasons why small schools might work better. Finally, our conclusions…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Small Schools, School Size, Educational Environment