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American Recovery and…1
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Houston, David M.; Henderson, Michael B.; Peterson, Paul E.; West, Martin R. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2021
Do Americans hold a consistent set of opinions about their public schools and how to improve them? From 2013 to 2018, over 5,000 unique respondents participated in more than one consecutive iteration of the annual, nationally representative "Education Next" poll, offering an opportunity to examine individual-level attitude stability on…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Public Opinion, Educational Policy, Comparative Analysis
Shakeel, M. Danish; Henderson, Michael – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2019
The role of political factors, specifically of public opinion, in the relatively low penetration of charter schools into rural America remains unclear. We use eight years of national survey data to demonstrate that rural residents express less support for charter schools than residents of other locales do. We attribute this gap to differences in…
Descriptors: Rural Schools, School Choice, Charter Schools, School Districts
Roth, Jonathan – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2017
This paper studies teacher attrition in Wisconsin following Act 10, a policy change which severely weakened teachers' unions and capped wage growth for teachers. I document a sharp increase in turnover after the Act was passed, driven almost entirely by the exit of older teachers, who faced strong incentives to retire before the end of…
Descriptors: Unions, Institutional Role, Faculty Mobility, Educational Policy
Barrows, Samuel – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2015
Governments are increasingly publishing information about the performance of the services they provide, in part to help citizens hold their elected representatives accountable for government service outcomes. Yet there is little evidence concerning the influence of information about government service performance on voter behavior. This paper…
Descriptors: Voting, Educational Policy, Accountability, Public Officials
Ackerman, Matthew; Egalite, Anna J. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2015
When lotteries are infeasible, researchers must rely on observational methods to estimate charter effectiveness at raising student test scores. Considerable attention has been paid to observational studies by the Stanford Center for Research on Education Outcomes (CREDO), which have analyzed charter performance in 27 states. However, the…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Observation, Special Education, Lunch Programs
Dee, Thomas S. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2012
The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) targeted substantial School Improvement Grants (SIGs) to the nation's "persistently lowest achieving" public schools (i.e., up to $2 million per school annually over 3 years) but required schools accepting these awards to implement a federally prescribed school-reform model.…
Descriptors: Evidence, School Restructuring, Eligibility, Educational Change
Machin, Stephen; McNally, Sandra; Wyness, Gill – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2012
The four "home countries" of the United Kingdom are becoming increasingly different with regard to education policy. Nevertheless, they are still highly comparable as compared to education systems elsewhere. Over time, they have had a similar legislative framework (particularly in England, Wales and Northern Ireland) and, in a broader…
Descriptors: Evidence, Educational Objectives, Outcomes of Education, Educational Change
Schwerdt, Guido; West, Martin R. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2012
A growing number of American states and school districts require students to meet basic performance standards in core academic subjects at key transition points in order to be promoted to the next grade. We exploit a discontinuity in the probability of third grade retention under a Florida test-based promotion policy to study the causal effect of…
Descriptors: Core Curriculum, Academic Achievement, Performance Based Assessment, Grade 3
Howell, William G.; Henderson, Michael – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2010
Merit pay initiatives transparently alter the teaching profession and goings-on within classrooms, and thereby promise to stoke the self-interests of the two most prominent stakeholders in public education: teachers and parents. This memo summarizes the authors' ongoing efforts to empirically evaluate the extent to which public debates about merit…
Descriptors: Merit Pay, Public Education, Governance, Educational Policy
Woessmann, Ludger – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2010
The general-equilibrium effects of performance-related teacher pay include long-term incentive and teacher-sorting mechanisms that usually elude experimental studies but are captured in cross-country comparisons. Combining country-level performance-pay measures with rich PISA-2003 international achievement microdata, this paper estimates…
Descriptors: Teacher Salaries, International Education, Educational Policy, Comparative Analysis
Podgursky, Michael J.; Springer, Matthew – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2010
This paper provides a review of recent policy initiatives to reform teacher compensation systems and evidence regarding the effect of these policies. The first section examines the current structure of teacher compensation in the U.S. K-12 public education system. The compensation "system" for teachers is fragmented and uncoordinated. Teacher…
Descriptors: Teacher Salaries, Quasiexperimental Design, Elementary Secondary Education, Program Effectiveness
Ahn, Tom; Vigdor, Jake – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2010
Teacher effort, a critical component of education production, has been largely ignored in the literature due to measurement difficulties. Using a principal-agent model, North Carolina public school data, and the state's unique accountability system that rewards teachers for school-level academic growth, we show that we can distill effort from…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Teacher Attendance, Rewards, Accountability
Chingos, Matthew M.; Henderson, Michael; West, Martin R. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2010
Conventional models of democratic accountability hinge on citizens' ability to evaluate government performance accurately, yet there is little evidence on the degree to which citizen perceptions of the quality of government services correspond to actual service quality. Using nationally representative survey data, we find that citizens'…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Academic Achievement, Accountability, Educational Policy
Goodman, Sarena; Turner, Lesley – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2010
Teacher compensation schemes are often criticized for lacking a performance-based component. Proponents of merit pay argue that linking teacher salaries to student achievement will incentivize teachers to focus on raising student achievement and stimulate innovation across the school system as a whole. In this paper, we utilize a policy experiment…
Descriptors: Teacher Salaries, Merit Pay, Class Activities, Teacher Persistence
Murray, Vicki E. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2010
In 2009, the "East Valley Tribune and the Arizona Republic" alleged that Arizona's individual income tax-credit scholarship program disproportionately serves privileged students from higher-income families over those from lower-income backgrounds. Yet neither paper collected the student-level, scholarship recipient family income data…
Descriptors: Taxes, Economically Disadvantaged, Scholarships, Family Income
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