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Arold, Benjamin W. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2022
Anti-scientific attitudes can impose substantial costs on societies. Can schools be an important agent in mitigating the propagation of such attitudes? This paper investigates the effect of the content of science education on anti-scientific attitudes, knowledge, and choices. The analysis exploits staggered reforms that reduce or expand the…
Descriptors: Evolution, Creationism, Science Education, Religion
Roth, Jonathan – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2017
This paper studies teacher attrition in Wisconsin following Act 10, a policy change which severely weakened teachers' unions and capped wage growth for teachers. I document a sharp increase in turnover after the Act was passed, driven almost entirely by the exit of older teachers, who faced strong incentives to retire before the end of…
Descriptors: Unions, Institutional Role, Faculty Mobility, Educational Policy
Dee, Thomas S. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2012
The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) targeted substantial School Improvement Grants (SIGs) to the nation's "persistently lowest achieving" public schools (i.e., up to $2 million per school annually over 3 years) but required schools accepting these awards to implement a federally prescribed school-reform model.…
Descriptors: Evidence, School Restructuring, Eligibility, Educational Change
Goodman, Joshua – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2012
Proponents of the recent and widely adopted Common Core State Standards argue that high quality curricular standards are critical to students' educational success. Little clear evidence exists, however, linking the quality of such standards to student achievement. I remedy this by connecting data on state-level student achievement from 1994-2011…
Descriptors: Core Curriculum, State Standards, Academic Standards, Evidence
Machin, Stephen; McNally, Sandra; Wyness, Gill – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2012
The four "home countries" of the United Kingdom are becoming increasingly different with regard to education policy. Nevertheless, they are still highly comparable as compared to education systems elsewhere. Over time, they have had a similar legislative framework (particularly in England, Wales and Northern Ireland) and, in a broader…
Descriptors: Evidence, Educational Objectives, Outcomes of Education, Educational Change
Smarick, Andrew – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2010
Even the most cursory look at the current administration's approach to performance pay reveals a noteworthy story. Unlike all of his Democratic predecessors--and some of his Republican ones--President Obama not only appreciates the value of differentiating the compensation of teachers based on a effectiveness, he has put energy and money behind…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Incentives, Federal Programs, Teacher Motivation
Hess, Frederick M.; Hassel, Bryan C. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2007
Over the last two decades, there has been a surge in public policies seeking to give low-income families more choice about where to send their children to school. These changes in policy have both reflected and accommodated an influx of new educational providers, including school operators, technology firms, back-office service providers, tutors,…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Educational Change, Low Income Groups, Human Capital
Peterson, Paul E. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2007
No Child Left Behind (NCLB) asks that states "restructure" schools that fail for six years running to make Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) toward full proficiency on the part of all students by the year 2014. Although restructuring efforts by most states have been modest, Pennsylvania, in the summer of 2002, directed the School District…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Educational Change, School Restructuring, School Districts
Hanushek, Eric A.; Woessmann, Ludger – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2007
The role of improved schooling, a central part of most development strategies, has become controversial because expansion of school attainment has not guaranteed improved economic conditions. This paper reviews the role of education in promoting economic wellbeing, with a particular focus on the role of educational quality. It concludes that there…
Descriptors: Educational Quality, Economic Progress, Developed Nations, Educational Change
Lindseth, Alfred A. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2004
In any discussion over what reform measures can best close the achievement gap between white and minority children, one cannot ignore what the courts have had to say about the issue. Advocates have historically used the court system to require elected branches of government to increase education spending and resources, even when the political will…
Descriptors: State Courts, School Segregation, Minority Group Children, Federal Courts