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Shakeel, M. Danish; Peterson, Paul E. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2020
We use a quadratic equation to estimate trends in cohort performances in the charter and district sectors on the National Assessment of Educational Progress in 4th and 8th grade between 2005 and 2017. Data consist of over four million test observations of nationally representative samples of students on seven separate math and reading tests. We…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Grade 4, Grade 8, National Competency Tests
Ackerman, Matthew; Egalite, Anna J. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2015
When lotteries are infeasible, researchers must rely on observational methods to estimate charter effectiveness at raising student test scores. Considerable attention has been paid to observational studies by the Stanford Center for Research on Education Outcomes (CREDO), which have analyzed charter performance in 27 states. However, the…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Observation, Special Education, Lunch Programs
Egalite, Anna J.; Kisida, Brian; Winters, Marcus A. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2014
Previous research suggests that there are academic benefits when students and teachers share the same race/ethnicity because such teachers can serve as role models, mentors, advocates, or cultural translators. In this paper, we obtain estimates of achievement changes as students are assigned to teachers of different races/ethnicities from grades 3…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Change, Race, Student Characteristics
Hanushek, Eric A.; Peterson, Paul E.; Woessmann, Ludger – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2012
"The United States' failure to educate its students leaves them unprepared to compete and threatens the country's ability to thrive in a global economy." Such was the dire warning recently issued by a task force sponsored by the Council on Foreign Relations. Chaired by former New York City schools chancellor Joel I. Klein and former U.S.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary Secondary Education, Human Capital, Educational Trends
Dee, Thomas S. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2012
The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) targeted substantial School Improvement Grants (SIGs) to the nation's "persistently lowest achieving" public schools (i.e., up to $2 million per school annually over 3 years) but required schools accepting these awards to implement a federally prescribed school-reform model.…
Descriptors: Evidence, School Restructuring, Eligibility, Educational Change
Goodman, Joshua – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2012
Proponents of the recent and widely adopted Common Core State Standards argue that high quality curricular standards are critical to students' educational success. Little clear evidence exists, however, linking the quality of such standards to student achievement. I remedy this by connecting data on state-level student achievement from 1994-2011…
Descriptors: Core Curriculum, State Standards, Academic Standards, Evidence
Schwerdt, Guido; West, Martin R. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2012
A growing number of American states and school districts require students to meet basic performance standards in core academic subjects at key transition points in order to be promoted to the next grade. We exploit a discontinuity in the probability of third grade retention under a Florida test-based promotion policy to study the causal effect of…
Descriptors: Core Curriculum, Academic Achievement, Performance Based Assessment, Grade 3
Howell, William G.; Henderson, Michael – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2010
Merit pay initiatives transparently alter the teaching profession and goings-on within classrooms, and thereby promise to stoke the self-interests of the two most prominent stakeholders in public education: teachers and parents. This memo summarizes the authors' ongoing efforts to empirically evaluate the extent to which public debates about merit…
Descriptors: Merit Pay, Public Education, Governance, Educational Policy
Peterson, Paul E. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2007
No Child Left Behind (NCLB) asks that states "restructure" schools that fail for six years running to make Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) toward full proficiency on the part of all students by the year 2014. Although restructuring efforts by most states have been modest, Pennsylvania, in the summer of 2002, directed the School District…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Educational Change, School Restructuring, School Districts