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Peterson, Paul E.; Dills, Angela K.; Shakeel, M. Danish – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2023
Chetty et al. (2022) say county density of cross-class friendships (referred to here as "adult-bridging capital") has causal impacts on social mobility within the United States. We instead find that social mobility rates are a function of county density of family capital (higher marriage rates and two-person households), community…
Descriptors: Social Capital, Social Class, Friendship, Academic Achievement
Shakeel, M. Danish; Peterson, Paul E. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2021
Principals (policy makers) have debated the progress in U.S. student performance for a half century or more. Informing these conversations, survey agents have administered seven million psychometrically linked tests in math and reading in 160 waves to national probability samples of selected cohorts born between 1954 and 2007. This study is the…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Socioeconomic Status, Race, Ethnicity
Arold, Benjamin W.; Shakeel, M. Danish – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2021
From 2010 onwards, most US states have aligned their education standards by adopting the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) for math and English Language Arts. The CCSS did not target other subjects such as science and social studies. We estimate spillovers of the CCSS on student achievement in non-targeted subjects in models with state and year…
Descriptors: Common Core State Standards, Academic Achievement, Achievement Gap, National Competency Tests
Shakeel, M. Danish; Peterson, Paul E. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2020
We use a quadratic equation to estimate trends in cohort performances in the charter and district sectors on the National Assessment of Educational Progress in 4th and 8th grade between 2005 and 2017. Data consist of over four million test observations of nationally representative samples of students on seven separate math and reading tests. We…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Grade 4, Grade 8, National Competency Tests
Roth, Jonathan – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2017
This paper studies teacher attrition in Wisconsin following Act 10, a policy change which severely weakened teachers' unions and capped wage growth for teachers. I document a sharp increase in turnover after the Act was passed, driven almost entirely by the exit of older teachers, who faced strong incentives to retire before the end of…
Descriptors: Unions, Institutional Role, Faculty Mobility, Educational Policy
Barrows, Samuel – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2015
Governments are increasingly publishing information about the performance of the services they provide, in part to help citizens hold their elected representatives accountable for government service outcomes. Yet there is little evidence concerning the influence of information about government service performance on voter behavior. This paper…
Descriptors: Voting, Educational Policy, Accountability, Public Officials
Henderson, Michael B.; Lergetporer, Philipp; Peterson, Paul E.; Werner, Katharina; West, Martin R.; Woessmann, Ludger – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2015
What do citizens of the United States and Germany think about their schools and school policies? This paper offers the first broad comparison of public thinking on education in the two countries. We carried out opinion surveys of representative samples of the German and American adult populations in 2014 that included experiments in which we…
Descriptors: Governance, School Policy, Educational Attitudes, National Surveys
Egalite, Anna J.; Kisida, Brian; Winters, Marcus A. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2014
Previous research suggests that there are academic benefits when students and teachers share the same race/ethnicity because such teachers can serve as role models, mentors, advocates, or cultural translators. In this paper, we obtain estimates of achievement changes as students are assigned to teachers of different races/ethnicities from grades 3…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Change, Race, Student Characteristics
Hanushek, Eric A.; Piopiunik, Marc; Wiederhold, Simon – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2014
Differences in teacher quality are commonly cited as a key determinant of the huge international student performance gaps. However, convincing evidence on this relationship is still lacking, in part because it is unclear how to measure teacher quality consistently across countries. We use unique international assessment data to investigate the…
Descriptors: Teacher Characteristics, Thinking Skills, Academic Achievement, Teacher Influence
Dee, Thomas S. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2012
The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) targeted substantial School Improvement Grants (SIGs) to the nation's "persistently lowest achieving" public schools (i.e., up to $2 million per school annually over 3 years) but required schools accepting these awards to implement a federally prescribed school-reform model.…
Descriptors: Evidence, School Restructuring, Eligibility, Educational Change
Goodman, Joshua – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2012
Proponents of the recent and widely adopted Common Core State Standards argue that high quality curricular standards are critical to students' educational success. Little clear evidence exists, however, linking the quality of such standards to student achievement. I remedy this by connecting data on state-level student achievement from 1994-2011…
Descriptors: Core Curriculum, State Standards, Academic Standards, Evidence
Machin, Stephen; McNally, Sandra; Wyness, Gill – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2012
The four "home countries" of the United Kingdom are becoming increasingly different with regard to education policy. Nevertheless, they are still highly comparable as compared to education systems elsewhere. Over time, they have had a similar legislative framework (particularly in England, Wales and Northern Ireland) and, in a broader…
Descriptors: Evidence, Educational Objectives, Outcomes of Education, Educational Change
Schwerdt, Guido; West, Martin R. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2012
A growing number of American states and school districts require students to meet basic performance standards in core academic subjects at key transition points in order to be promoted to the next grade. We exploit a discontinuity in the probability of third grade retention under a Florida test-based promotion policy to study the causal effect of…
Descriptors: Core Curriculum, Academic Achievement, Performance Based Assessment, Grade 3
Schwerdt, Guido; West, Martin R. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2011
We use statewide administrative data from Florida to estimate the impact of attending public schools with different grade configurations on student achievement through grade 10. To identify the causal effect of structural school transitions, we use student fixed effects and instrument for middle and high school attendance based on the terminal…
Descriptors: Evidence, High Schools, Dropout Rate, Academic Achievement
Peterson, Paul E.; Woessmann, Ludger; Hanushek, Eric A.; Lastra-Anadon, Carlos X. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2011
At a time of persistent unemployment, especially among the less skilled, many wonder whether schools are adequately preparing students for the 21st-century global economy. This is the second study of student achievement in global perspective prepared under the auspices of Harvard's Program on Education Policy and Governance (PEPG). In the 2010…
Descriptors: Private Schools, Academic Achievement, Global Approach, Program Effectiveness
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