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Hanushek, Eric A.; Peterson, Paul E.; Talpey, Laura M.; Woessman, Ludger – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2020
Rising inequality in the United States has raised concerns about potentially widening gaps in educational achievement by socio-economic status (SES). Using assessments from LTT-NAEP [Long-Term Trend assessment administered by the National Assessment of Educational Progress], Main-NAEP, TIMSS [Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study],…
Descriptors: Science Achievement, Achievement Gap, Socioeconomic Status, Age Differences
Hanushek, Eric A.; Peterson, Paul E.; Talpey, Laura M.; Woessmann, Ludger – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2019
Concerns about the breadth of the U.S. income distribution and limited intergenerational mobility have led to a focus on educational achievement gaps by socio-economic status (SES). Using intertemporally linked assessments from NAEP [National Assessment of Educational Progress], TIMSS [Trends in International Mathematics and Science Survey], and…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Achievement Gap, Foreign Countries, Science Achievement
Hanushek, Eric A.; Peterson, Paul E.; Woessmann, Ludger – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2012
"The United States' failure to educate its students leaves them unprepared to compete and threatens the country's ability to thrive in a global economy." Such was the dire warning recently issued by a task force sponsored by the Council on Foreign Relations. Chaired by former New York City schools chancellor Joel I. Klein and former U.S.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary Secondary Education, Human Capital, Educational Trends
Machin, Stephen; McNally, Sandra; Wyness, Gill – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2012
The four "home countries" of the United Kingdom are becoming increasingly different with regard to education policy. Nevertheless, they are still highly comparable as compared to education systems elsewhere. Over time, they have had a similar legislative framework (particularly in England, Wales and Northern Ireland) and, in a broader…
Descriptors: Evidence, Educational Objectives, Outcomes of Education, Educational Change
Peterson, Paul E.; Woessmann, Ludger; Hanushek, Eric A.; Lastra-Anadon, Carlos X. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2011
At a time of persistent unemployment, especially among the less skilled, many wonder whether schools are adequately preparing students for the 21st-century global economy. This is the second study of student achievement in global perspective prepared under the auspices of Harvard's Program on Education Policy and Governance (PEPG). In the 2010…
Descriptors: Private Schools, Academic Achievement, Global Approach, Program Effectiveness
Howell, William G.; Henderson, Michael – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2010
Merit pay initiatives transparently alter the teaching profession and goings-on within classrooms, and thereby promise to stoke the self-interests of the two most prominent stakeholders in public education: teachers and parents. This memo summarizes the authors' ongoing efforts to empirically evaluate the extent to which public debates about merit…
Descriptors: Merit Pay, Public Education, Governance, Educational Policy
Woessmann, Ludger – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2010
The general-equilibrium effects of performance-related teacher pay include long-term incentive and teacher-sorting mechanisms that usually elude experimental studies but are captured in cross-country comparisons. Combining country-level performance-pay measures with rich PISA-2003 international achievement microdata, this paper estimates…
Descriptors: Teacher Salaries, International Education, Educational Policy, Comparative Analysis
Podgursky, Michael J.; Springer, Matthew – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2010
This paper provides a review of recent policy initiatives to reform teacher compensation systems and evidence regarding the effect of these policies. The first section examines the current structure of teacher compensation in the U.S. K-12 public education system. The compensation "system" for teachers is fragmented and uncoordinated. Teacher…
Descriptors: Teacher Salaries, Quasiexperimental Design, Elementary Secondary Education, Program Effectiveness
Hanushek, Eric A.; Peterson, Paul E.; Woessmann, Ludger – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2010
To see how well U.S. schools do at producing high-achieving math students, the authors compare the percentage of U.S. public and private school students in the graduating Class of 2009 who were highly accomplished in mathematics in each of the 50 states and in 10 urban districts to percentages of high achievers in 56 other countries. Their…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Mathematics Tests, National Competency Tests, Young Adults
Schwerdt, Guido; Wuppermann, Amelie C. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2010
Recent studies conclude that teachers are important for student learning but it remains uncertain what actually determines effective teaching. This study directly peers into the black box of educational production by investigating the relationship between lecture style teaching and student achievement. Based on matched student-teacher data for the…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Teacher Characteristics, Academic Achievement, Lecture Method
Murray, Vicki E. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2010
In 2009, the "East Valley Tribune and the Arizona Republic" alleged that Arizona's individual income tax-credit scholarship program disproportionately serves privileged students from higher-income families over those from lower-income backgrounds. Yet neither paper collected the student-level, scholarship recipient family income data…
Descriptors: Taxes, Economically Disadvantaged, Scholarships, Family Income
Smarick, Andrew – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2010
Even the most cursory look at the current administration's approach to performance pay reveals a noteworthy story. Unlike all of his Democratic predecessors--and some of his Republican ones--President Obama not only appreciates the value of differentiating the compensation of teachers based on a effectiveness, he has put energy and money behind…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Incentives, Federal Programs, Teacher Motivation
Chingos, Matthew; Peterson, Paul E. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2010
Holding a college major in education is not correlated with effectiveness in elementary and middle school classrooms, regardless of the university at which the major was earned. Teachers do become more effective with a few years of teaching experience, but (except in elementary reading) no gains--and some declines--in effectiveness appear in the…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Predictor Variables, Reading Achievement, Mathematics Achievement
Chingos, Matthew M. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2010
Class-size reduction (CSR) mandates presuppose that resources provided to reduce class size will have a larger impact on student outcomes than resources that districts can spend as they see fit. I estimate the impact of Florida's statewide CSR policy by comparing the deviations from prior achievement trends in districts that were required to…
Descriptors: Class Size, Academic Achievement, Achievement Tests, Educational Policy
Chingos, Matthew M.; West, Martin R. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2010
We examine earnings records for more than 90,000 classroom teachers employed by Florida public schools between the 2001-02 and 2006-07 school years, roughly 20,000 of whom left the classroom during that time. A majority of those leaving the classroom remained employed by public school districts. Among teachers in grades 4-8 leaving for other…
Descriptors: Teaching (Occupation), Compensation (Remuneration), Correlation, Teacher Effectiveness
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