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Hess, Frederick M.; Hassel, Bryan C. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2007
Over the last two decades, there has been a surge in public policies seeking to give low-income families more choice about where to send their children to school. These changes in policy have both reflected and accommodated an influx of new educational providers, including school operators, technology firms, back-office service providers, tutors,…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Educational Change, Low Income Groups, Human Capital
Becker, Sascha O.; Wohmann, Ludger – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2007
Max Weber attributed the higher economic prosperity of Protestant regions to a Protestant work ethic. We provide an alternative theory, where Protestant economies prospered because instruction in reading the Bible generated the human capital crucial to economic prosperity. County-level data from late 19th-century Prussia reveal that Protestantism…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Human Capital, Protestants, Correlation
Hess, Frederick M.; West, Martin R. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2006
In this paper, the authors argue that at a time when disappointing student performance, stark achievement gaps, and an ever-"flattening" world call for retooling American schools for the 21st century, the most daunting impediments to doing so are the teacher collective bargaining agreements that regulate virtually all aspects of school district…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Elementary Secondary Education, Educational Needs, Unions