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Peterson, Paul E.; Dills, Angela K.; Shakeel, M. Danish – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2023
Chetty et al. (2022) say county density of cross-class friendships (referred to here as "adult-bridging capital") has causal impacts on social mobility within the United States. We instead find that social mobility rates are a function of county density of family capital (higher marriage rates and two-person households), community…
Descriptors: Social Capital, Social Class, Friendship, Academic Achievement
Arold, Benjamin W. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2022
Anti-scientific attitudes can impose substantial costs on societies. Can schools be an important agent in mitigating the propagation of such attitudes? This paper investigates the effect of the content of science education on anti-scientific attitudes, knowledge, and choices. The analysis exploits staggered reforms that reduce or expand the…
Descriptors: Evolution, Creationism, Science Education, Religion
Shakeel, M. Danish; Peterson, Paul E. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2021
Principals (policy makers) have debated the progress in U.S. student performance for a half century or more. Informing these conversations, survey agents have administered seven million psychometrically linked tests in math and reading in 160 waves to national probability samples of selected cohorts born between 1954 and 2007. This study is the…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Socioeconomic Status, Race, Ethnicity
Arold, Benjamin W.; Shakeel, M. Danish – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2021
From 2010 onwards, most US states have aligned their education standards by adopting the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) for math and English Language Arts. The CCSS did not target other subjects such as science and social studies. We estimate spillovers of the CCSS on student achievement in non-targeted subjects in models with state and year…
Descriptors: Common Core State Standards, Academic Achievement, Achievement Gap, National Competency Tests
Hanushek, Eric A.; Peterson, Paul E.; Talpey, Laura M.; Woessmann, Ludger – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2019
Concerns about the breadth of the U.S. income distribution and limited intergenerational mobility have led to a focus on educational achievement gaps by socio-economic status (SES). Using intertemporally linked assessments from NAEP [National Assessment of Educational Progress], TIMSS [Trends in International Mathematics and Science Survey], and…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Achievement Gap, Foreign Countries, Science Achievement
Schwerdt, Guido; West, Martin R. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2011
We use statewide administrative data from Florida to estimate the impact of attending public schools with different grade configurations on student achievement through grade 10. To identify the causal effect of structural school transitions, we use student fixed effects and instrument for middle and high school attendance based on the terminal…
Descriptors: Evidence, High Schools, Dropout Rate, Academic Achievement
Peterson, Paul E.; Woessmann, Ludger; Hanushek, Eric A.; Lastra-Anadon, Carlos X. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2011
At a time of persistent unemployment, especially among the less skilled, many wonder whether schools are adequately preparing students for the 21st-century global economy. This is the second study of student achievement in global perspective prepared under the auspices of Harvard's Program on Education Policy and Governance (PEPG). In the 2010…
Descriptors: Private Schools, Academic Achievement, Global Approach, Program Effectiveness
Dynarski, Susan; Scott-Clayton, Judith – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2006
The complexity of the federal tax code has been the focus of reform efforts for decades, and has received considerable attention in the economic literature. The federal system for distributing student financial aid is similarly convoluted, yet has received relatively little attention from economists. For the typical household, the aid application…
Descriptors: College Attendance, Student Financial Aid, Paying for College, Taxes