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Shakeel, M. Danish; Peterson, Paul E. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2021
Principals (policy makers) have debated the progress in U.S. student performance for a half century or more. Informing these conversations, survey agents have administered seven million psychometrically linked tests in math and reading in 160 waves to national probability samples of selected cohorts born between 1954 and 2007. This study is the…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Socioeconomic Status, Race, Ethnicity
Arold, Benjamin W.; Shakeel, M. Danish – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2021
From 2010 onwards, most US states have aligned their education standards by adopting the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) for math and English Language Arts. The CCSS did not target other subjects such as science and social studies. We estimate spillovers of the CCSS on student achievement in non-targeted subjects in models with state and year…
Descriptors: Common Core State Standards, Academic Achievement, Achievement Gap, National Competency Tests
Shakeel, M. Danish; Peterson, Paul E. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2020
We use a quadratic equation to estimate trends in cohort performances in the charter and district sectors on the National Assessment of Educational Progress in 4th and 8th grade between 2005 and 2017. Data consist of over four million test observations of nationally representative samples of students on seven separate math and reading tests. We…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Grade 4, Grade 8, National Competency Tests
Lastra-Anadón, Carlos X.; Peterson, Paul E. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2020
The efficiency-equity trade-offs in public service delivery may be influenced by the dependency of local governments on their own resources rather than inter-governmental grants. School districts in the United States are expected both to produce human capital efficiently and to provide educational opportunity equally. To ascertain school district…
Descriptors: School Districts, Educational Finance, Mathematics Achievement, Reading Achievement
Hanushek, Eric A.; Peterson, Paul E.; Talpey, Laura M.; Woessman, Ludger – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2020
Rising inequality in the United States has raised concerns about potentially widening gaps in educational achievement by socio-economic status (SES). Using assessments from LTT-NAEP [Long-Term Trend assessment administered by the National Assessment of Educational Progress], Main-NAEP, TIMSS [Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study],…
Descriptors: Science Achievement, Achievement Gap, Socioeconomic Status, Age Differences
Lastra-Anadón, Carlos X.; Peterson, Paul E. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2019
Tiebout theorizes that local public services are provided more efficiently if costs are paid out of local revenues rather than by inter-governmental grants. But if local politics is not as pluralistic as Dahl has argued, citizens of higher socio-economic status will exercise greater influence, resulting in higher inequalities in service provision.…
Descriptors: Financial Support, Income, Grade 8, Mathematics Achievement
Hanushek, Eric A.; Peterson, Paul E.; Talpey, Laura M.; Woessmann, Ludger – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2019
Concerns about the breadth of the U.S. income distribution and limited intergenerational mobility have led to a focus on educational achievement gaps by socio-economic status (SES). Using intertemporally linked assessments from NAEP [National Assessment of Educational Progress], TIMSS [Trends in International Mathematics and Science Survey], and…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Achievement Gap, Foreign Countries, Science Achievement
Schwerdt, Guido; West, Martin R. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2011
We use statewide administrative data from Florida to estimate the impact of attending public schools with different grade configurations on student achievement through grade 10. To identify the causal effect of structural school transitions, we use student fixed effects and instrument for middle and high school attendance based on the terminal…
Descriptors: Evidence, High Schools, Dropout Rate, Academic Achievement
Schwerdt, Guido; Wuppermann, Amelie C. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2010
Recent studies conclude that teachers are important for student learning but it remains uncertain what actually determines effective teaching. This study directly peers into the black box of educational production by investigating the relationship between lecture style teaching and student achievement. Based on matched student-teacher data for the…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Teacher Characteristics, Academic Achievement, Lecture Method
Chingos, Matthew; Peterson, Paul E. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2010
Holding a college major in education is not correlated with effectiveness in elementary and middle school classrooms, regardless of the university at which the major was earned. Teachers do become more effective with a few years of teaching experience, but (except in elementary reading) no gains--and some declines--in effectiveness appear in the…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Predictor Variables, Reading Achievement, Mathematics Achievement
Peterson, Paul E. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2007
No Child Left Behind (NCLB) asks that states "restructure" schools that fail for six years running to make Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) toward full proficiency on the part of all students by the year 2014. Although restructuring efforts by most states have been modest, Pennsylvania, in the summer of 2002, directed the School District…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Educational Change, School Restructuring, School Districts
Peterson, Paul E.; Llaudet, Elena – Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University, 2006
On July 14, 2006, the U. S. Department of Education's National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) released a study that compared the performance in reading and math of 4th and 8th-graders attending private and public schools. Using information from a nationwide, representative sample of public and private school students collected in 2003 as…
Descriptors: School Effectiveness, Grade 8, Grade 4, Student Characteristics