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Peterson, Paul E.; Dills, Angela K.; Shakeel, M. Danish – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2023
Chetty et al. (2022) say county density of cross-class friendships (referred to here as "adult-bridging capital") has causal impacts on social mobility within the United States. We instead find that social mobility rates are a function of county density of family capital (higher marriage rates and two-person households), community…
Descriptors: Social Capital, Social Class, Friendship, Academic Achievement
Arold, Benjamin W. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2022
Anti-scientific attitudes can impose substantial costs on societies. Can schools be an important agent in mitigating the propagation of such attitudes? This paper investigates the effect of the content of science education on anti-scientific attitudes, knowledge, and choices. The analysis exploits staggered reforms that reduce or expand the…
Descriptors: Evolution, Creationism, Science Education, Religion
Shakeel, M. Danish; Peterson, Paul E. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2021
Principals (policy makers) have debated the progress in U.S. student performance for a half century or more. Informing these conversations, survey agents have administered seven million psychometrically linked tests in math and reading in 160 waves to national probability samples of selected cohorts born between 1954 and 2007. This study is the…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Socioeconomic Status, Race, Ethnicity
Arold, Benjamin W.; Shakeel, M. Danish – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2021
From 2010 onwards, most US states have aligned their education standards by adopting the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) for math and English Language Arts. The CCSS did not target other subjects such as science and social studies. We estimate spillovers of the CCSS on student achievement in non-targeted subjects in models with state and year…
Descriptors: Common Core State Standards, Academic Achievement, Achievement Gap, National Competency Tests
Houston, David M.; Henderson, Michael B.; Peterson, Paul E.; West, Martin R. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2021
Do Americans hold a consistent set of opinions about their public schools and how to improve them? From 2013 to 2018, over 5,000 unique respondents participated in more than one consecutive iteration of the annual, nationally representative "Education Next" poll, offering an opportunity to examine individual-level attitude stability on…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Public Opinion, Educational Policy, Comparative Analysis
Shakeel, M. Danish; Peterson, Paul E. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2020
We use a quadratic equation to estimate trends in cohort performances in the charter and district sectors on the National Assessment of Educational Progress in 4th and 8th grade between 2005 and 2017. Data consist of over four million test observations of nationally representative samples of students on seven separate math and reading tests. We…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Grade 4, Grade 8, National Competency Tests
Lastra-Anadón, Carlos X.; Peterson, Paul E. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2020
The efficiency-equity trade-offs in public service delivery may be influenced by the dependency of local governments on their own resources rather than inter-governmental grants. School districts in the United States are expected both to produce human capital efficiently and to provide educational opportunity equally. To ascertain school district…
Descriptors: School Districts, Educational Finance, Mathematics Achievement, Reading Achievement
Hanushek, Eric A.; Peterson, Paul E.; Talpey, Laura M.; Woessman, Ludger – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2020
Rising inequality in the United States has raised concerns about potentially widening gaps in educational achievement by socio-economic status (SES). Using assessments from LTT-NAEP [Long-Term Trend assessment administered by the National Assessment of Educational Progress], Main-NAEP, TIMSS [Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study],…
Descriptors: Science Achievement, Achievement Gap, Socioeconomic Status, Age Differences
Cheng, Albert; Peterson, Paul E. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2020
Although qualitative research suggests that school choice and other interventions are more beneficial for moderately disadvantaged than severely deprived students, the subject has barely been explored by quantitative studies with either observational or experimental designs. We estimate experimentally the impact of a voucher offer on college…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Educational Vouchers, Educational Attainment, School Choice
Cheng, Albert; Chingos, Matthew M.; Peterson, Paul E. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2019
Estimates of school voucher impacts on educational attainment have yet to explore heterogeneities in socioeconomic status among disadvantaged minority students. We theorize reasons for these heterogeneities and then estimate experimentally the differential impacts of voucher offers on college enrollment and graduation rates for minority and…
Descriptors: Educational Vouchers, Program Effectiveness, Educational Attainment, Disadvantaged Youth
Shakeel, M. Danish; Henderson, Michael – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2019
The role of political factors, specifically of public opinion, in the relatively low penetration of charter schools into rural America remains unclear. We use eight years of national survey data to demonstrate that rural residents express less support for charter schools than residents of other locales do. We attribute this gap to differences in…
Descriptors: Rural Schools, School Choice, Charter Schools, School Districts
Lastra-Anadón, Carlos X.; Peterson, Paul E. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2019
Tiebout theorizes that local public services are provided more efficiently if costs are paid out of local revenues rather than by inter-governmental grants. But if local politics is not as pluralistic as Dahl has argued, citizens of higher socio-economic status will exercise greater influence, resulting in higher inequalities in service provision.…
Descriptors: Financial Support, Income, Grade 8, Mathematics Achievement
Hanushek, Eric A.; Peterson, Paul E.; Talpey, Laura M.; Woessmann, Ludger – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2019
Concerns about the breadth of the U.S. income distribution and limited intergenerational mobility have led to a focus on educational achievement gaps by socio-economic status (SES). Using intertemporally linked assessments from NAEP [National Assessment of Educational Progress], TIMSS [Trends in International Mathematics and Science Survey], and…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Achievement Gap, Foreign Countries, Science Achievement
Cheng, Albert; Peterson, Paul E. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2018
Economic information may close aspiration disparities for postsecondary education across socio-economic, ethnic and partisan divides. In 2017, we estimated impacts of information on such disparities by means of a survey experiment administered to a nationally representative sample of 4,214 adults. A baseline group was asked whether they preferred…
Descriptors: Postsecondary Education, Higher Education, Socioeconomic Status, Access to Information
Barrows, Samuel; Cheng, Albert; Peterson, Paul E.; West, Martin R. – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2017
This first report of charter school parents' perceptions based on nationally representative samples finds that charter parents, as compared with parents from district schools, are less likely to see serious problems at their children's school, report more extensive communications with the school, and are more satisfied with most aspects of the…
Descriptors: Parent Attitudes, Charter Schools, National Surveys, Parent Surveys
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